Malbon's Memorial of the Civil War.
A breefe & true Relacon of all suche passages & things as happened & weire donne
in and aboute Namptwich in the Countie of Chester & in other plac'[es] of the
same Countie. Togeither wth some other things in other Counties (not farr
distant) acted and donne by some of the Com'anders officers & Soldiers of the
said Towne of Namptwich (after the same was made a Garrison for Kinge & Parliamt,)
scythens [since] 10 Aug 1642. Soe trulie as the wryter hereof cold [could] come
by the knowledge of the same, viz.:-
Com'issioners of Arrey & Com'issioners for the Milicia.
Uppon or about the Eleaventh of Aug 1642 Sr. Will'm. Brereton, & the Deputie
Lieftente for the said Countie of Chester (beinge Com'issioners for the Mylicia)
wth some Considerable strength for the setlinge of the Mylicia, as was intended
(on the Parliamts behalfe) came to Namptwiche. And the Commisionrs of Arraye, on
the Kings behalfe (hereinge thereof) came the same daye vnto Ravensmore, a myle
from the said Towne, (wth purpose to hinder theire p'ceedinge), Having wavered
[i.e. waited] for many Township men both of Namptwiche Hundred, Broxton Hundred
& other plac[e]s wth speciall com'andemt to come furnished wth Armes matches
powder & Bullets: But to what purpose or intente the Countreymen weire most of
theim altogether Ignorant. But by mediacon & meanes made vnto both p'ties (by
some gents wch desyred Peace) nothinge was donne att that tyme; But agreed on
both sides & soe p'mised [promised], That the People & Com'issionrs in both
p'ties shold dpte. [departe] home agayne peaceablie, and the Comissioners of
Arraye nor theim on theire side, not to come to the Towne that day.
Yett neu'thelesse the said Com'issioners of Arraye wth a greate company
(contrary to theire p'mise and agreemt) hearinge that the said Sr
Will'm.Brereton & the deputie Lieftents & theire company, weire disperced &
gonne awaye, (accordinge as the same was agreed) Came in a bravado wth greate
showtinge & reioycinge into the said Towne, and theire stayed a certyn ty[me]
spendinge theire money and drinkinge merrilie wthout offringe any of ... [?
offence] vnto the Towne & in the Evenynge depted peacablie awaye.
Lord Grandisons comynge to Namptwiche. Afterwards vpon wednesdaye 29 Sep 1642
beinge ... [Michaelmas] daye The said Towne of Namptwiche, beinge firme for the
P. [arliament] standinge in opposicon agaynst the Com'issioners of Arraye,
having ... [? but] smale p'vision of Armes and Am'unycon and a little ayded by
the C ... [? common] people neere adioynynge & haveing began to make some ...
[barricades at the] streete ends for theire owne saufeties, was assaulted ...
[by the royalists] beinge under the Com'and of the Lord Grandison() ... Lord
Cholmondeley, Hughe Calveley, Esqre, Heighe Sher.[riff] . . of the said countie
of Chester and about 13 Troups () of Trowpers & Dragoneers amountinge in all to
11 hundred horse or more & many other gent., Came vnto the said Towne, to the
Aspell Streete End, (where the Chayne was drawen ouer the streete ende) and some
fewe of the said Towne wth musketts & other weapons weire placed theire
sufficient for a tyme to haue opposed them & kepte theim furthe. But
consideringe that then the Kinge being att Shrowesbury wth great forces And by
reason of the feare [i.e. fair] speeches & p'mises [promises] of the said Lorde
not to Wronge the said Towne noe [nor] doe theim any harme, the Chayne was
withdrawn [&] the said Lorde, Sheryff & whole Army, peaceablie vpon theire said
p'mises, entered the said Towne.
But p'sentlie vpon theire entrance (contrary to theire words and p'misses) they
disarmed eu'y [every] man and tooke all theire Armes & Armor from theim & all
that colde bee found in eu'y howse, threatninge that whoesoeu'[er] had any Arms
and did not bringe theim In, shold bee plundred. And seu'all dayes followinge
the[y] yssued furthe (many of theim) And took all the Armes from Woodhey,
dodington, Haslington, Baddeley and many other places. And plundered many
Countrey howses & tooke many horses. And after they had had free quarter in
Namptwiche vntill Mondaye then nexte followinge. They depted. [departed] away
wth all they had gotten from thence, and wente to the Kinge and Prince to
Shrowesbury. But the Kinge & Prince beinge att that instant att Chester &
havinge intelligence of theire cominge to Shrowesbury wente thither to theim.
Edge Hill Battell.
Vpon Sondaye beinge 23 Oct 1642 his Matie & his Army And the Parliamt forces
mett togeither att Edge Hill neere Banbury; wheare theire was foughte a greate &
bloddye Battell many slayne and taken prsoners on bothe sides; to the nu'[m]ber
of Tenne thowsand (as was supposed). But the Parliamt side had the daye, & kepte
the field. The Kinges gen'[er]all was slayne; & his Sonne, the Lord willoughbie,
Sr Edward Stradling, Colonell Lunsfford and others taken prsoners; The Kinges
Ryall standerd berer [Sir Edmund Verney] slayne & his Standerd beaten downe &
taken. But throwe the treachery of some ytt was restored agayne; many of the
Kinges force fledd & the rest absolutelie Rowted.
Earle of Derbies cominge into Cheshire.
About the begynynge of Dec 1642 The Earle of Darbie (beinge on the king's p'tie)
assisted wth some men and horse, (wth the Lord Cholmondeley) entered Cheshire
intendinge to have plundered mr. maynwarings of Caryncham & some other of the
Deputie Lieftents, Commissionrs for the milicia, & to haue seazed vpon some
Parliamt Carryages wch weire cominge into Cheshire, (but they miste [missed] of
theire purposes); ffor Mr Maynwaringe & the reste haveing intelligence theirof
Raysed the Countrey, wch the Kings p'tie p'ceaving fledd; The Lord of Darbie
came by backe wayes into Lancashire, wth his company beinge about twoe hundred.
But 24 of the said Lord Cholm[onde]leys men & horse, comynge to Northwiche,
weire taken theire, theire Armes & horses beinge taken from theim, & theire men
sente home on foote.
Colonell Leigh of Adlington (on the Kings p'te) wth a considerable force
p'sentlie afterwards entered Macclesfield in the said countie of Chester. But
the said Mr. Maynwarynge wth assistance of the Countrey did dryve him thence, &
hee, disgysed in a Soldyers habit, escaped; But his Drummer & more of those of
his soldyers weire theire slayne ... afterwards Manchester forces comynge in to
Mr. ... [? Maynwaringe's] Ayde & hee growinge stronge to the N'[m]ber of ...
fyve thousand horse and foote. The Com'issioners of Array hearinge thereof All
fledd wth theire goods, some into Chester Citie, some into Shrowesbury, some one
waye & some another; And soe alsoe did all Parsons, viccars & others wch took
p'te wth the Array p'tie; not one cold bee mett wthall. The said Mr. Maynwaringe
did take (wth his company) from Colonell Leighes howse, Armes for one hundred &
twentie men: and from Wrynehill Hall, old Armes for as many.
Maynwaringe his forces comynge to Namptwiche.
Vpon 10 Dec 1642 , & begynnyinge of the nexte weeke after, a great p'te of the
said Mr. Maynwarings force & a brave troupe of Manchester horse & men, come all
to Namptwiche, wth Captyns Lieftents, and Com'anders, bringing wth theim Three
smale peeces of Ordnance, well mounted, wch weire placed att seu'all streete
ends theire. And the Captyns & Souldyers, to the nu'[m]ber of one thowsand
trayned eu'y daye, and behaved theim selves very well & honestlie, payinge in
all theire quarters what the[y] boughte or agreede for.
The Com'issioners of Arraye, viz., Earle Ryvers; & his brother, mr Thomas
Savage; Lord viscounte Kilmorey; Lord Cholmondeley; and the rest wch weire fledd
to Chester, Reased [raised] all theire force together to Chester wth many Horse
& foote from all theire frends & tenants in Shropshire, Cheshire, & Wales, wth
many threatnynge speeches to dryve theim awaye from Namptwiche; But the[y]
fortifyed theim selves in Chester Citie, and durst not sturr furthe; And att
lengthe, they havinge intelligence that greater Ayde wold come to theim att
Namptwiche, and suspectinge that Chester wold be assaulted, They offered p'lye &
mocens (?) [parley and motions] of Peace wch the gent. att Namptwiche consented
vnto. There were no'iated [nominated] for the Com'issionrs of Array on theire
p'tie, The Lord Kilmorey & mr Bridgeman: and on the other p'tie, The for[e]said
mr Maynwaringe and mr Marbury of Marbury; And the place appoynted was att
Bunbury, in the said Countie of Chester; the 23 Dec 1642 , where the p'ties
nominated did meete the same daye, and made an agreemt as followeth, viz.:-
An Agreemt made att Bunbury in the Countie of Chester for pacificacon and
setlinge the Peace of the Countie by vs whose names are subscrybed aucthorized
theire vnto, by the Lords and gents Com'issioners of Array & Deputie Lieftents
in the said Countie.
Imprimis ytt ys agreed that theire bee an absolute cessacon of Armes from
henceforthe wthin this Countie, & noe Armes to bee taken vp to offend one &
other, but by Consente bothe of the Kinge and twoe howses of p'liamt vnless ytt
bee to resist force broughte into this Countie.
2.-That all (but two hundred of either side) shalbe disbanded tomorrowe beinge
Saturdaye, and on Mondaye all on both sides, bothe horse and ffoote.
3.-That all prsonrs on bothe sides bee enlarged As for mr Moreton whoe ys now
p'sonr att Manchester the gent. (appoynted Deputie Lieftents) doe declare that
hee was taken wthout theire privitie or encouragement by some Trowpers of
Manchester vpon a pryvatt quarrell for takinge powder & other goods belonginge
to one of Manchester; yett they will use theire utmost endeaver to p'cure his
enlargemt, & desyer that the lyke endeavers bee vsed by the Lords & others
Com'issioners of Arraye for the enlarginge of mr Danyell of Daresbury.
4.-That the fortificacons. att Chester, Namptwiche, Stockporte, Knottesforde, &
Northwiche, or any other Towne in Cheshire, (latelie made by either p'tie) bee
5.-That all goods and Armes taken on bothe sides (nowe remaynynge in the Countie
in specie) bee furthwth restored, and for all others that are taken furthe of
the Countie, ytt ys p'mised on bothe pts. that sythens [since] the b'nefitt of
the pacificacon redounds to the whole Countie That they will vse theire vtmost
endeavors for a joynte contrybucon of the Countie towards satisffaction of the
6.-That the Lords and gents. Com'issioners of Array before the 08 Jan 1642 nexte
will p'cure [procure] from his Matie a letter, thereby declaringe, That in
regard a peace ys made in the Countie, Hee will sende noe forces into this
Countie, And yf any other p'son shall contrary to suche declaracon bringe forces
into this Countie (passage for forces wthout doinge any hostile acte onelie
excepted) The said Lords & gents. will Joyne to resiste theim. And yf any forces
(wthout the consent bothe of the Kinge & bothe howses of Parliamt) shall come
into this Countie (a passage for forces wthout doinge any hostile Acte onelie
excepted) The said gents. (nomynated Deputie Lieftents) will resist theim & vse
theire vtmost endeavers therein.
7.-In regard (that by the blessinge of God) theire ys lyke to bee a peace wthin
the Countie (yf this agreement bee observed) ytt ys agreed that the
Com'issioners of Array shall not any further putt the Com'ission of Arraye in
execucon, nor the gent. no'iated Deputie Lieftents the ordynance of the Milicia,
or execute theire Com'ission.
8.-Lastlie all the said pties. doe agree and p'myse eyche [each] to other in the
worde of a Gent. and as they desyer to prosper, That as well they theim selves
as alsoe all theire frends, tenants, servants and all other (in whome they haue
any Interest) shall as muche as in theim lyes, p'forme this agreemt. And ytt ys
further desyred that all the said pties. Joyne in a peticon vnto his Matie &
bothe howses of p'liamt for puttinge an ende to the great distracons and misery
fallen vpon this kingdom, by makinge a speedy peace. And ytt is agreed that Sr
George Bouthe & all others wthin this Countie, whoe haue appeared either as
Com'issionrs of Array or as Deputie Lieftents by reason of the ordinance of
Parliamt shall (with all convaynyente speede) subscrybe this Agreemt.
The makers of this Agreemt for the Com'issioners of Arraye. My Lord of Kilmorrey.
Orlando Bridgeman, Esq. for the Lieftents. Mr.[Henry] Maynwaringe of Caryncham.
Mr. Marbury of Marbury.
The next daye afterwards (being Christmas Eve) All the Companyes on bothe sides
weire disbanded. The tyme the forsaid Mr Maynwaringe & the forsaid company
contynued in Namptwiche was iust a fortnighte. But this Peace did not longe
contynue, but did breake on the Com'issioners of Arrayes side, in that the
fortificacons att Chester weire not throwne downe & the said Com'issioners
contyneued still in Chester encreasinge theire forces & renewinge theim daylie.
Will[ia]m Brereton comynge to Namptwiche.
Vppon Saturday the 28 Jan 1642[-3] then nexte following 1642[-3] Sr Will'm.
Brereton Baronett (Colonell and Com'ander in Chiefe of the p'liamt forces in
these ptes.) Comynge towards Namptwiche, wth reasonable good strength to releave
the said Towne (beinge in greate danger to bee plundred & destroyed by the
Kinges Armye and Com'issioners of Arraye) in this Countie (contrary to theire
p'mises & agreemt as aforesaid) Sr Thomas Aston wth about fyve hundred horse of
the Kinges forces lyinge in wayte for the said Sr Will'm., and meetinge wth him
& all his carryedges & forces hee had neere the end of the Aspell streete att
Namptwiche betwixt & Cheerbrooke (being more in nu'ber than the said Sr Will'm.)
aboute four a Clocke in the afternoone The[y] joyned Battell, wch contynued very
sore, & doubtfull on bothe sides, vntill about seyven a Clocke in the Nighte ytt
beinge soe darke they cold not see one the other. But Sr Will'm. havinge a case
of Drakes vpon Carryage readie charged, discharged the same vpon the Kinges ptie.,
wch did some execucon. & soe affrighted theim, that they weire all scattered &
quyte Rowted; And tooke p'soners Captyn Chom'ley, (a base sonne of the Lord
Chom'ley) Captyn Bridgemann, & of officers & Soldiers about one hundred; And
three score horse or aboue; wth many Armes, Cloakbages, and pillage (as was
thought) to the value of one thowsand pounds; many wounded; & some men & horse
slayn; the certyn nu'ber (beinge a very darke Nighte) cold neu' [never] bee
certynlie knowne. Sr Will'm. Brereton lost a Lieftent, & one Vernon, and William
Brereton, (beinge twoe com'on Soldyers); had many wounded (thoughe neither
mortaly nor meamed [maimed]). And soe (God gyvinge him the victory) about 8 a
Clocke in the Nighte hee entered the Towne, wth great reioycinge of the
inhabitaunce thereof, & the saufety of the same whoe gave & ascrybed all prayse
& Glory vnto God for his greate mercyes towards theim (wth his p'soners &
pillage). Sr. Thomas Aston Rowted at Namptwiche.
Captyns wth Companyes cominge to Namptwiche.
On Sonday the Towne was quyett, And vpon Mondaye the 30 Jan 1642[-3] , The
foresaid mr Maynwaringe & other greate forces bravely Armed, came in Ayde of the
Towne to Sr Will'm. Brereton; And the nexte weeke followinge come vnto him alsoe
to Namptwiche Captyn Duckenfield, Captyn Hyde, Captyn Marbury, & many other
Captyns, and Com'anders wth a good nu'ber bothe of horse and foote; And lykewyse
came to theim, all or most of the gent. (well affected to the Parliamt) lyvinge
in the Countrey, to the nu'ber of twoe thowsand; wch many tymes yssued furthe &
broughte In prvision, & great store of prysoners.
Battell on Tilston Heath.
In ffebruary Sr Willm. Brereton. sente furthe his warrants to Somon [summon] In
the Countie all betwixte the Age of 16 yeres & threescore To meete att a gen'all
muster att Torpley [Tarporley] & ffroddesham on Tuesday the 21 Feb 1642[-3] ;
wch the Comissioners of Arraye havinge notice of yssued furthe of Chester, wth
all theire forces, well mounted and armd & broughte wth theim twoe greate Peeces
of Ordnance, & entrenched theim selves neere Tilston Heath, by the Swannes Nest,
& theire planted theire ordnance, where Sr Will'm. Brereton shold haue gonne to
Torpley. Sr Willm. commynge wthin muskett shott of theim discharged att theim
very freely and the Kinges ptie. lykewyse att him, wth theire shott & ordnance.
But theire shott went over Sr Willms. company soe that non of theim weire either
slayne nor maymed. But another pte. of bothe sides foughte towards Beeston &
Tiverton towne fielde where an officer of Mr Maynwarings was Slayne: And 7 of
the Kinges side weire Slayne & buried att Torpley, as was reported. The twoe
meane [main] bodies cold not come together to feighte by reason of Bogges, & bad
loe [low] wett growne [ground] wch laye betwixt theim, wch the Kinges ptie. had
taken on purpose, or els ytt ys supposed that the Parliamt forces wold haue
Rowted theim. But in the ende, bothe sides retreated wthout any more harme
doinge; the one ptie. to Chester, And the other to Namptwiche where they
contynued that weeke vntill they had fortafyed all the Towne Round aboute wth
stronge Trenches & mudwalls of Clodds & Earthe.
Norton howse plundered and Barne there burned.
On Saturday the 25 Feb 1642[-3] Sr Willm. Brereton, mr Maynwaringe & some
Captyns officers & Souldyers bothe horse and ffoote aboute ffyve hundred marched
from Namptwiche to Knottesfford & Northwiche. And hearinge that Chester forces
were plu'dringe Norton howse, (where the[y] burned a very goodly fayre Barne of
11 Bayes, havinge much Corne In the same) and that alsoe they weire plu'dring
Wea[ve]ram and tooke & carryed away wth theim all that eu'y [every] one had
theire, and allsoe the[y] tooke all men p'soners that they cold meet wthall, to
the nu'ber of Thirtie or more, Sr Willm. did dryve theim awaye from thence &
contynued there aboute fortefyinge those places well, But especially Northwiche
(beinge a markett Towne) And putt a sufficiente garrison therein, whoe fetched
in Daylie many horses, goods, Cattell & prsoners.
Battell att Middlewich
Vppon Saturday the 11 Mar 1642[-3] Sr Thomas Aston entered into midlewiche (a
markett Towne), wth fyve hundred horse & many companyes of ffoote, & that Nighte
& the Saboth daye nexte after, plu'derd & tooke from many places theire nexte
adioynynge, both horses & howsholde goods wch ymedyatlie hee sente to Chester
Citie. That Saboth Colonell Brereton approched to the said Towne twyse, &
discharged some Shott agaynst the Towne (beinge Newter). But retyred back agayne
to Northwiche (beinge not aboue three myles) where hee then laye wth part of his
forces. And upon mondaye morninge nexte after & the 13 Mar 1642[-3] , hee with
the best forces hee had theire came early in the mornynge backe to Midlewiche, &
vpon Sheathe Heathe att the west end of the said Towne, Sr Thomas Aston havinge
taken the advantage of the said ground & wynde, & planted his ordnance, sett
upon him; the fighte contynuynge longe betwixt theim equall, vntill aboute 9 or
10 a Clocke; And then about Eleaven hundred horse & foote came downe Bouthe
Lane, from Namptwiche into Newton att the Southe ende of the Towne (where Sr
Thomas Aston had planted a good Brasse peece of ordnance) and made ytt well
manned wth foote & horse, wch Namptwiche forces p'ceyvinge did wth theire horse
& foote leape into the fieldes on both sides the Lane; And wth often discharging
upon Sr Thomas Astons forces and they att theim agayne, did at the longe [i.e.
did at length] wyn ground of them; & did gett soe neere the ordnance, that they
did dryve the mr [master] Gunner from ytt; And seazed the same, & havinge gotten
ytt, the adversaryes all fledd; and the Namptwiche forces, wthin one hower or
lesse entred the said Towne (wthout losse of any man), wch when the adversary
p'ceyved, Sr Thos. Aston, Colonell Leighe (then the Heighe Sherryff) and as many
as cold gett away vp Kinderton Streete (where wee had not any to garde that
Streete) fledd awaye.
Theire was taken Prysoners Captyn Massy, [of Cuddington], Captyn Hurleston,
Colonell Ellys, Maior Gilmore, Captyn Corbett, Captyn Starkie of Stretton,
Captyn Morris, Captyn John Damporte, [Davenport] of Woodforde, Captyn John
Johnes, Captyn Horton, Captyn Eaton, Captyn Lloid, Captyn Massie, Lieftent
Thomas Dodd, Sharley, Hosyer, Jeinyinge, & Maxie, ensignes; Warde, Proudlove,
Morrye, Davenporte, three Cannoniers; twoe Corporalls, Lea & Gleave; two peeces
of ordnance, foure Barrells of Powder, two Barrells of Matches; ffoure hundred
Comon Soldyers, Armes for fyve hundred men; And alsoe Sr Edward Mosley,
[Moseley] a greate welthy Baronett of Lancashire & Lorde of Manchester, wch
weire all broughte prsoners to Namptwiche, wth losse of Comon Soldyers under or
about tenne; And not one Captyn or Comander on the p'liamts side, neither slayne,
A daye of thankesgyvinge. Vppon Wednesdaye nexte after, was a very soleme daye
of thankesgyvynge held att Namptwiche, wth preachinge, prayers & Ringinge of
Battell at Salteheath.
Vppon Sondaye the 19 Mar 1642[-3] Sr Willm. Brereton wth some troupes and
Companyes of horse and foote did meete Sr John Gell wth his forces vpon a Comon,
about twoe myles from Stafford (called Salte Heathe) The[y] Joynynge theire
forces together entendinge to have beseiged Stafford (beinge then held by the
Kinges ptie.) weire interrupted by meetinge a stronge ptie. furthe of Staff.[ord]
to the nu'ber of 17 hundred horse (as was supposed) where theire was a fierce &
bloddy Battell, the Kinges ptie. being in nu'ber almost three to one: And there
the Parliamt forces, wth losse of 14 Comon Soldyers did Rowte the Kinges forces,
& slewe the Earle of Northampton & broughte his bodie awaye & tooke one mr
Chamberlayne & some others prsoners, And also slewe all or most of theire
Captyns & chefe Comanders to the nu'ber of threescore or thereabouts, (whereof
Captyn Bagshawe was one) and fyve or six hundred Soldyers, and had the
pillaginge of some of theire dead.
And after they had dryven those of the Kinges ptie. wch weire lefte into
Stafford Sr Willm. retorned wth his forces to Namptwiche on Thursdaye nighte
afterwards & broughte ytt. Soe that the fyer encreasinge and they p'ceyving his
Crueltie, to save the Towne from utter desolacon, Colonell Brereton Reased the
seige & wthdrewe his forces away, after they had lyen agaynst ytt three dayes.
Prisoners removed to Manchester.
Vpon Loe [Low] Sondaye att Nighte, about midnighte, was p'soners removed from
Namptwiche, & sente to Manchester, (wch Colonell Brereton had longe kept their)
viz: Sr Edward Mosley, Colonell Ellys, Maior Gilmore, Captyn Cholmley, Captyn
Massie, Captyn Hurleston, Captyn Johnes, Captyn Eaton, Captyn Horton, or Captain
Morrys whoe weire garded thither wth twoe Companyes of Dragoners & theire
Captyn Massie plu'dred.
Vpon the 10 Apr 1643 The Kinges ptie., wch lay in Whitchurch, yssued furthe and
plu'dred Captyn Massie, of Moshowse, [near Audlem] & tooke awaye from him Three
score head of Cattell, & some of his howshold goods, & horses from many others:
the newes thereof beinge broughte to Namptwiche, some companyes, beinge
speedylie readie, marched towards Whitchurche, thinkinge to haue mett theim
before they had gotten into the Towne, but they came halfe an hower to[o] late:
Yett notwthstandinge, the[y] mett wth some of theire company; slewe three of
theim, tooke 12 Oxen, some Armes, wch they had throwen awaye in theire fleight,
& 15 p'soners whereof yonge mr Bulkeley of Buntingsdall was one.
Battell at Burledam.
The nexte daye afterwards Intelligence was broughte to Namptwiche that
Whitchurch forces (beinge very stronge) entended wth theire Carts to fetche all
the goods that Captyn Massie had; where vpon the[y] Reased almost all the forces
in Namptwiche, bothe horse & foote, to the nu'ber of one thowsand or more, And
marched towards Whitchurch. Att Burledam, they mett the Kinges ptie., But after
a shorte skirmishe they fled back towards Whitchurche, yett not soe speedylie,
but fyve of theim were slayne, & some p'soners of theim taken, wthout losse or
hurte of any; onelie the[y] tooke three of our men p'soners, viz: John Abnett,
Thomas Parker, Captyn Croxtons man & horse, wch the[y] carryed wth theim to
Whitchurche; And the nexte daye after the[y] sente theim to Shrowesbury. And the
Namptwiche forces retorned home in saufetie, havinge preserved Captyn Massie
from any further plu'dringe att that tyme.
Sr Richard Wilbraham decessed.
Vppon Mondaye in Easter weeke the 03 Apr 1643 Sr Richard Wilbraham, of Woodhey,
Knight, and Baronett, a verie worthie gent., and a good Justice of the Peace, &
p'vidente for his Country, beinge kepte prsoner by the Kinge, eu' [ever]
scythens his Maties first comynge to Chester Citie; first in Chester, &
afterwards to Shrowesbury, where hee ended his Lyfe: and towards the later ende
of the same weeke, was broughte to Acton Churche (a myle from Namptwiche) where
hee was p'vatlie Buried. (the occasion of his ymprsonmt was neu' [never]
An Alaram on Chester.
The nexte weeke after Easter most of the Captyns, officers, trowprs and
Dragoners marched from Namptwiche vp & downe to p'serve the Country from
plu'dringe; and on Saturday in the same weeke, The[y] faced the Citie of
Chester, came to Boughton & killed one of the Citie garde And gave a stronge
Alaram vpon the Citie; they of the Citie tooke one of the Namptwiche soldyers
p'soner & noe more donne att that tyme: But the daye followinge beinge Sundaye &
on Monday nexte after, they all marched backe to Namptwiche agayne.
Battell att Cholmley house.
Vpon Tuesday mornynge, att Springe of daye, the 11 Apr 1643 , most of Namptwich
forces marched to Cholmley howse (a garrison kepte by the Kinges ptie.) beinge
enformed that foure hundred of theim theire weire in that garrison. And comynge
neere to the Howse they found theim ready a waytinge theire comynge; whoe yssued
furthe; & theire was for the p'sente a fierce & crewell battell: But after a
whyle the Namptwiche forces havinge slayne & wounded many of theim, did dryve
theim into the howse & planted theire Drakes about the garden and wth theim and
the muskett shott, discharginge att the howse did muche harme, soe as they hard
[heard] a greate crye in the howse. But after some shott on bothe sides, &
Namptwiche forces, seeinge the advantage that they in the howse had of theim,
They wthdrewe of[f] from the howse & marched backe agayne to Namptwiche, havinge
many of theim wounded; theire was Slayne of that side Seriant maior Lestead [?]
his seriant and one Wade a Com'on Soldyer wch they broughte alyve to Namptwiche
but hee died prsentlie afterwards. And about three score of the Kinges ptie.
horses. But the Bodie of the Lieftent they cold not fetche awaye, but lefte the
same behinde theim: ytt was reported that theire weire fyftie & twoe slayne of
theim in and aboute the howse.
The same Tuesdaye in the Nighte weire sente prsoners to bee kepte att the Hall
of Crewe, viz: Sr Edward Mosley, & Maior Gilmore (wch had byn sent backe from
Manchester) mr Dudley Norton, and mr Saringe (the Towne minister) And vpon
Wednesday weire apprehended & sente p'soners to Dodington Hall, Edward Olton,
Roger Wright, John Wilkes, Will'm Barnes, John Leighe, Edward Hitchenson & some
others for that they weire held to bee malignants & suspected to have betrayed
the designe vnto Cholmley the Nighte before. But vpon ffrydaye nexte after
Edward Olton and John Wilkes weire deliu'ed & sente home; And upon the same daye
att Nighte Maior Gilmore, mr Norton, and mr Saringe were removed from Crewe Hall
& carryed to Stockporte & Sr Edward [Moseley] remayned att Crewe.
Lord Capell & others: his first comynge.
On the 20 Apr 1643 Colonell Breretons horse beinge furthe of [the] Towne: The
kinges forces came from Whitchurch & Cholmley even wthin sighte of the Towne,
And tooke from Derfold, litle Acton, Ravensmore & Sound, & all the Countrey
thereabouts, all the Kyne & yonge beasts they cold fynd, to a very greate nu'ber;
and from the elder will'm. Jackson, & many others, all or most of theire hows-hold
goods, takinge them all awaye; & alsoe the[y] tooke, att litle Acton, Richard
Edgley of the Hall of More, p'sonr. The ffoote Companyes in the Towne, (beinge
onelie lefte to tend the Towne) for feare lest the Towne had byn taken, Durst
not yssue furthe to Rescowe any thinge from theim. The nu'ber of theim beinge in
horse (att least) fyve hundred, beside ffoote Companyes (the nu'ber not knowne
Alarams 2 dayes.
On Tuesdaye the ... [? 25] Apr 1643 An Alaram was beaten vp in Towne of
Namptwiche & most of the forces yssued furthe, but did neither meete or heere of
the Kinges ptie., And vpon Wednesdaye (beinge the exercyse day) Another Alaram
was beaten, & Bells Ronge backewards, and almost all the forces in the Towne
yssued furthe; & did heere that the Kinges ptie. had taken about 20tie Kyne and
yonge beasts from Thomas Litler, dwellinge neere Ravensmore, & had sent furthe
two of theire Trowpers to warne Carts for Carryage awaye of Haye from Baddeley;
But those twoe weire taken wth theire horses & Armes, & alsoe a foote Boye
belonginge to mr Thomas Walley of Cholmley, & broughte in p'soners; & the rest
fledd & one of theim slayne. And the same daye, Sr Edward Mosley was broughte
p'sonr backe agayne to Namptwiche.
Broughte [prisoners] from Whitchurch.
On Saturdaye the 30 May 1643 , some horse & foote did march furthe of Towne
towards witchurche, And neere that Towne they tooke Captyn Morris, a Leftent & a
quarter mr [master] & about 4 Com'on Soldyers & broughte theim p'sonrs to
Namptwiche; And alsoe three score Kyne and yonge Beasts, And the same att Night
Colonell Brereton wth his horse retorned to Namptwiche.
On Thursdaye att Nighte in May 1643 , some horse & foote aboute Midnighte
marched furthe of the Towne towards Drayton (where Sr Vincett Corbett & aboute
three hundred Cavaliers horse & foot laye, begynynge to make some workes (for
theire saufetie) aboute the Towne: But a litle after Sonne Rysinge Namptwiche
forces comying thether, on the sudden (before they weire furthe of theire Bedds),
entered the Towne the[y] havinge neither garde nor scouts abroad, but secure (as
they thoughte); And killed nyne of theim, tooke many p'soners, horse & Armes;
Soe that all or most of Namptwiche foote Soldyers weire horsed home; & many of
theim had 2, 3, or 4 musketts & Karbines a peece; Beside app'ell [apparel] &
other goods of theires. And alsoe three Ensignes, foure Drumes & other weppons.
But Sr Vyncett fled in his shirte & wascot leaving his app'ell. behind him, wch
Captyn Whitney had wth his money & many letters in his Pockett.
Captyn Kynnaston & Captyn Sandford weire theire Slayne, beinge Cavaliers:
Namptwiche forces did noe wronge nor harme to the Towne, but onelie threwe downe
theire workes, after the Cavaliers weire all fledd & slayne, & taken p'sonrs.; &
then retorned back to Namptwiche in saufetie wthout losse of any man, savinge
some fewe Com'on soldyers about three or foure wch weire hurte in the streetes
wth shotts furthe of wyndowes.
Vppon Mondaye the 15 May 1643 Colonell Brereton wth his Trowpers of horse &
Dragooners did prvatlie gather together about Audley in Staffordshire, &
Joyninge wth Colonell Ridgeway, (whose Companyes then laye att Newcastle & Leeke)
on Tuesday morninge by three a Clocke almost peaceablie entred Stafford Towne,
throwe [through] the pollicey & manhood [i.e. manfulness] of Maior Broomehall &
a fewe others (The people in the Towne beinge quyett in theire Bedds), and
possessed theim selves thereof, wthout losse of any man; They tooke aboue ffoure
hundred Prysoners, & many gent. of worthe, viz: Captyn Sneyde, Captyn Bydolph,
Captyn Leighe of Adlington, Captyn Bagott, Captyn Collyer, Captyn Hunt, Captyn
Tresswall, & many other Comanders & gents. & Colonell Lane was Slayne, beinge on
the Kinges ptie. Beside many Townesmen wch weire alsoe taken prsoners.
Lord Capell comynge agaynst Namptwich.
On Wednesdaye in the Evenynge the 17 May 1643 , The Lorde Capell wth a greate
Company of Cavaliers bothe of Whitchurch and Shropshire & other places to the
nu'ber of 15 hundred or more (as was supposed), came agaynst Namptwiche (almost
to the Aspell Streete end) & shott at the towne: & they in the Towne lykewise
att theim (havinge notice by the Scouts of theire approche, & beinge well
p'vyded to haue bidden theim welcome); slewe three of theim & wounded other some
of theim; where they contynuynge, indeavoringe to plante foure peeces of
ordnance (wch they broughte with theim) about Malpas-field But fyndinge all the
groundes thereabouts to[o] heighe over the Towne, (not fittingtheire purpose)
And the Towne Gunner throwinge wyld fier Balls a mongest theim (beinge not able
to staye) betwixt on[e] & twoe a Clocke on Thursdaye mornynge, the[y] marched
backe to Whitchurche wth greate disgrace, havinge p'formed nothinge nor soe much
as hurte one man: onelie the[y] killed a calfe of mr Thomas Maynwarings, wch
they lefte behind theim, & brooke some Barnes for Haye; Wherevpon theire was a
Ryme made on theim, viz.:
The Lord Capell wth a thowsand & a halfe Came to Bartons Crosse & theire they
kild a Calfe: And stayinge theire vntill the breake of Daye, The[y] tooke their
heeles & fast the[y] fled away.
Att that tyme Colonell Brereton & all the horse were att Stafford from whence
wth his horse hee retorned to Namptwiche on ffryday evenynge.
On ffryday evenynge the 19 May 1643 Manchester forces & some others furthe of
Cheshire mett att Warrington; vpon Whitsonday [ 21 May 1643 ] & on Mondaye
mornynge in Whitson weeke, they planted theire ordnance & besett the said Towne
Round & plaid vpon ytt, & the Towne vpon theim all that weeke vntill Saturdaye:
The Towne beinge strongelie fortified they wthin did defend theim selves & the
Towne very bravely & resolutelie. But theire prvision growinge smale, The[y]
admitted of a plye. [parley]; where ytt was agreed that the Towne shold bee
Rendred vpp, & some Captyns & Comanders shold depte. awaye, onelie eu'y [every]
one wth his horse & pistolls & all the Comon Soldyers wthout Armes whither they
wold, (wch was truelie prformed) And to leaue all Armes, Amunycon, and prvision
behind theim: And vppon Trinitye Sondaye, Sr George Bouthe, (Lord of the Towne)
was Joyfullie receyved In by th'inhabitaunce. Theire weire some slayne on the
p'liamt side, And but twoe of the Towne.
The 29 May 1643 beinge Mondaye aboute 11 or 12 a Clocke in the Nyghte, Colonell
Brereton, wth the horse & almost all the foote in Namptwiche together wth all
the Townesmen (exceptinge some fewe to garde the Towne) marched towards
Whitchurch And came thether about three a Clocke on Tuesdaye mornynge, whoe sett
vpon the Towne & the[y] did Resist theim wth all theire power, bothe horse &
foote (beinge in the Towne as was supposed) about 6 or 7 hundred: The Namptwiche
foote soldyers ffyringe very fearcely vpon theym, and they in the Towne did the
lyke, maynteynynge theire workes & Towne very bravely: But ytt pleased God,
after twoe howers fighte very galantlie on bothe sides, that Namptwiche forces (wch
weire about Eyght hundred) killed some of the Gunners and others at theire
workes neere the Claye pitts, dryvinge the Townesmen from theire workes, &
entered the Towne, wth losse of one man onelie slayne outrighte twoe or three
sore wounded wch dyed afterwards. And beinge in the Northe pte. of the Towne
(many other Streets beinge not entered but lyinge open) Theire horse & many of
the townesmen & Soldyers fledd.
But theire was taken about 20tie prsonrs; one very fayre foote Collors; foure
good peeces of Ordnance; very many Armes; and much money & brave app'ell of the
Lord Capells & other gent. Twoe Covered waggons, powder, Bulletts, matches, &
goods of the Soldyers greate store, many Drumms, one Trumpett & many horses; the
Soldyers havinge most of the pillage: Soe that theire weire scarce any Soldyer,
but hee retorned backe either horsed, or well laden wth pillage, or both; onelie
taking theim; not doinge the Towne any harme; And about 3 a Clocke the same daye
in the afternoone, They retorned all back agayne vnto Namptwiche, leavinge much
Cheese, goods & Am'unycon behind theim onelie for want of Cartes and carryage:
wch uppon ffryday nexte after weire fetched thence, & broughte to Namptwiche;
beinge wagons & Cartes Loades of Cheese, Bacon, Malte, Wheate, Corne, Armes, &
goods, fourteene loads, wch came all saufe wthout any opposicon [opposition],
taking noe mans goodes but onelie the Cavaliers.
Booties taken from Shocklage & thereabouts.
On Monday the 12 Jun 1643 some companyes of Dragoners marched furthe towards the
Holte (beinge then the fayre daye theire) and in ffarne [Farndon] gave theim an
Alaram, wch affrighted theim sore: But they bended theire course towards
Shocklage in wch pte. the[y] tooke fourescore and eighteene good Oxen & Cattell:
And many horses & att Nighte retorned wth theim all saufe to Namptwiche.
Mr. Leeches howse & a Com'issionr of Array taken.
On Saturdaye the 10 Jun 1643 some Companyes marched furthe to Carden & sett vpon
mr Leeches howse, (a Com'issionr of Arraye) whoe did oppose theim; But in the
end they gott the howse; apprehended him; broughte him wth theim prsonr;
plu'dred his howse; Kild a servant maid wth shootinge att the howse, & broughte
wth him, some others, and some horses alsoe to Namptwiche.
Ammunycon broughte to Namptwiche.
Upon Tuesday the 13 Jun 1643 Colonell Brereton havinge byn att Liverpoole, for
vnloadinge of a Ship, wch was come thether from London wth his greate ordnance &
Am'unycon. came wth his troupe of horse to Namptwiche & broughte wth him Doctor
Byrom p'soner, & 6 Loads of his owne Am'unycon. in saufetie beinge accompanied
wth many brave Captyns & com'anders.
Mr. Bostock did penance at the Cage.
On Saturdaye the 17 Jun 1643 John Bostocke of Tatnull [Tattenhall] Esqr.,
Learned in the Lawes, Clerke vnto the Councell of warr at Namptwiche beinge
taken wth the Acte of Adultery wth one Alice Chetwood in the vicarage howse in
Namptwiche, vpon the Sabothe daye att tyme of Dyvyne servis (where hee then
lyved) was by Judgmt of the same Councell adiudged to stand in the markett
place, vpon the markett daye, (beinge Saturdaye) duringe most pte. of that daye
wth papers vpon his Brest (signifyinge his offence) wch was executed
accordinglie wth his whore standinge by him
The evell marche to Hanmer.
Upon Tuesday the 20 Jun 1643 Colonell Breretons troupe, Captyn Bulkley & many
other troupers & Dragoners marched furthe of Namptwiche behynd whitchurche to
Hanmiyre [Hanmer] & further, (for what entente was not certynlie Knowne), where
they were sett vpon by the Lord Capell, & Welshe forces, (whoe had laid an
ambush for theim), whoe dispersed and scattred all the same Namptwiche forces
beinge to[o] stronge for theim. Soe that many of theim weire taken prsoners,
some slayne, many of theim wounded, (althoughe some of the Kinges ptie. weire
slayne and speciallie some of theire Com'anders of greate sorte): wch was the
worst days worke that ever Namptwiche forces had from the Begynynge. Att wch
tyme the[y] had the Lieftnt Colonell & Captyn Sankie, Captyn of Colonell
Breretons horse taken prsoners but noe more Com'anders.
In Whitsonweeke 1643 certyn Intelligence was broughte to Namptwiche from
Wakefield that theire was a greate overthrowe gyven vnto the Arraye the Sonday
before (beinge Whitsonday) by Sr Thos. fferefax; where weire taken Colonell
Goring, (gent. of the horse) Sr. Thos. Bland, Maior Carr, Captyn Carnaby, Captyn
Wilbore, & other Captyns & Comanders; 14 hundred comon Soldyers, 2 Drakes, 2
greate peeces of ordnance, 22 Colors, many horse, & thirty or fortie Carryages,
wth Armes, Ammunycon & goods.
On Mondaye Eveninge 17 Jul 1643 Colonell Brereton wth almost all the forces in
Namptwiche bothe horse and foote (exceptinge Captyn Massye and ye trayned. bands
of Namptwiche Hundred) Togeither wth all the forces in the Countie (on the
pliamt ptie.) And some furthe of Stafford & Manchester marched towardes Chester
Citie att that Nighte intendinge to haue entered theire outworks before they had
byn awarr and soe donne; yf a messenger wch was sente with letters from old mr
walthall or his wyfe, had not gyven notice to the Citie, wch was not aboue twoe
howers before the forces came thether.
But vpon that notice the forces in the Citie weire prsentlie Ready & did
vehementlie oppose the said Namptwiche forces, havinge made exceedinge stronge
works & mounted fourtie peeces of ordnance on the Castle, & other theire workes,
that noe good could be donne: (althoughe the[y] laye about ytt on the Lande side
vntill Thursdaye mornynge, shooting & discharginge theire musketts & some
ordnance wch was broughte thether (on bothe pties.) & some slayne on bothe
sides) And p'ceyvinge the[y] weire not then lykely to doe any good for wynnynge
of the Citie, (but by a longe siege) & hearinge that the Lord Capell had drawen
greate companyes furthe of Shrowesbury & Reased the Trayned bands in Shropshire,
& beinge advanced towards Chester as far as to Orton Maddocke, Colonell Brereton
reased his seige & marched backe to Namptwiche, wth his ordnance Carryage and
all in saufety, havinge lost onely twoe com'on Soldyers & foure other wounded,
but not mortaly. The reporte was afterwards that theire was slayne in the Citie
15, whereof on[e] was a woman & another a Childe.
Stafford Castle Surrendred.
On ffryday mornynge the 28 Jul 1643 , Colonell Hastinges wth aboute foure
hundred horse came from Lichfield, faced Stafford towne & releeved the Kinges
ptie. in the Castle. But Colonell Greaves wth a Considerable force yssued furthe
of Stafford agaynst theim, & the Kinges forces tooke into the Castle, & went to
Dynn' [dinner] quyetlie, not caringe for soe smale a Company. But, beinge att
Dinner, They in the Castle weare a warr [aware] of Colonell Brereton comynge
towards theim from Stone wth about a thowsand horse, where hee had quartred the
They all in the Castle speedylie fledd awaye, leavinge the Tables covered, &
leavinge behind theim all the plate, spoones, meate & prvision, Musketts,
Ammunycon & almost all they had in the Castle; leavinge noe bodie behind them,
neither did they in Stafford knowe thereof, vntill afterwards the same was
discovered by a Boy wch broughte worde to the Towne (standinge not aboue a myle
from the Castle). But when the Colonell had entred the Castle, wch the[y] might
easeally doe, The[y] found theire good store of Beere, prvision, Beddinge &
goods to a greate value. A Captyn Lieftent of Colonell Greaves & one other comon
Soldyer weire slayne; But how many of the other ptie. were not knowne.
Lord Capell came agayne agaynst the Towne the third time.
Upon Thursday in the afternoone the 03 Aug 1643 , Lord Capell wth a great force
to the nu'ber of three thowsand came to Ravensmore, appearinge att the firste
not aboue twoe or three Troupes of horse, Colonell Brereton beinge then at
Stafford. The Soldyers & some Townes men yssued furthe of Namptwiche (p'ceyvinge
theire nu'ber soe fewe), wth good store of horse; wch when the Enemy p'ceaved
they broughte vp more of theire horse, (beinge readie in Baddington Lane) &
advanced towards Namptwiche forces. So they prsentlie fyred on both sides. But
the Kinges ptie. still increasinge, the Towne forces retreated homewards wthout
much harme; onelie Lieftent Ashley was, by mischance, slayne by one of his
fellowes, & Dicke Massie & one other Com'on Soldyer weire slayne wth a Cannon
Bullett from the Enemy.
That nighte the Kinges ptie. wth many loades of Carryage & foure greate peeces
of ordnance laye quyetelie vpon Ravensmore. And the same Nighte & the daye
followinge the Soldyers in the Towne fyred & burned all mr walthall's out-buyldings
on the Heath-side, fyringe the Hall, wch receyved some harme, but was not burned
downe; & alsoe the[y] burned Thomas Cu'[m]berbach's howse, & Stable, widowe
Podmores howse & Stable, Marchants Barne, All the Coates [cottages] on the
Heathe next towards the Towne: Roger Wrights Barne, Thomas Burrowes Barne,
Saboth Churches Barne, John Yardleys Barne, Massie & Bromhalls howses at Newe
Towne: and they caused Richard Wicksteeds Barne & all the Coates & dwellynge
howses on Acton pavemt to bee pulled downe for feare lest the Enemy sholde bee
Upon ffryday mornynge about Sixe a Clocke, they assaulted the Towne on the
southe side, betwixte Marche Lane & Weeuer; (beinge a very thicke darke mist,
fitt for theire purpose); And beinge very neere the works before the[y] weire
Seene of any of the Townesmen, ffyred very vehementlie: & plaid wth theire
Cannons agaynst the Towne very muche; as fast as ever they cold discharge; but
(thanks bee to God) did noe harme att all, neither slewe nor wounded any but
onelie one hurte in the side of his Necke, (wch was not mortall): And they
receyved the lyke from the Towne, bothe wth musketts & ordnance; and soe
contynued on bothe sides vntill betwixt 9 & 10 a Clocke in the affore noone.
The mist beinge then gonne & the Sonne shynynge fayre, and the Kinges forces
prceyvinge theim selves neere[r] the works, then [than] they ymagined, &
p'ceyvinge the great daunger [they] weire In, fledd as fast as they cold; But
not soe fast but the ordnance and muskett shott, did overtake theim, in suche
man'[ner] as about 40tie  of theim weire slayne, & 16  sore wounded, (as
was credeblie reported); & some of theim of good sorte, whose names cold not bee
Knowne; & theireupon, they beinge fledd & gonne, for the rest of that daye and
the Nighte followinge the Towne was in quyett. Althoughe about midnight an idell
Alaram [was] gyven by the watch, by reason of sparks of fyer wch they sawe
p'ceedinge from seu'all [several] howses & Barnes wch weire burned the daye
before; thinking they had byn lighte matches of the Enymyes.
Many companyes bothe Horse and foote, (hereing of the beseiginge of the said
Towne), came furthe of Lancashire & Staffordshire to theire Ayde; and 7 score
Dragoners came from the Morelands in Staffordshire; soe farr as Haslington on
Saturdaye the 05 Aug 1643 in Ayde of the said Towne; where they did quarter
theim selves that Nighte; (beinge wthin fyve myles of the said Towne) & hearinge
the Enymye was fledd, the[y] retorned backe agayne to theire owne homes. Ayde
come to Namptwiche.
Allaram gyven to Biddle [Biddulph].
And att theire retorne, they sett vpon Biddle howse wth some of Namptwiche
forces, (beinge a stronge Stone howse of mr. Biddles (a papist) in
Staffordshire,) and gaue theim an alaram & soe depted. [departed].
Chedleton howse taken.
[Chillington] On Thursday the 10 Aug 1643 Colonell Brereton, beinge then att
Stafford, wth his forces & Staffordshire forces marched to Chedleton Howse,
beinge mr. Jeffords (another greate Papist in Staffordshire) wth three greate
peeces of Ordnance, & a sett of Drakes; beseiged the same, & played wth theire
ordnance agaynst the said howse twoe dayes together; & made greate breaches in
the same. And aboute foure a Clocke on ffryday evenynge they in the howse, not
able to indure any longer, yielded vp the same Cravinge quarter, wch was
graunted theim. And Colonell Brereton, entring the howse wth some of his forces,
tooke theire the said mr Jefford, his twoe sonnes, & aboute three score more
prsoners, & alsoe an old Semynary Preest, wth Armes for twoe hundred men, & good
store of Ammunycon, prvision, and goods, wch they carryed all to Stafford, wth
the losse onelie of one Comon Soldyer & a Boye.
Thomas Middleton cominge to Namptwiche 19 Aug 1643.
Upon Saturdaye mornynge aboute Noone, Colonell Brereton came wth some fforces to
Namptwiche, beinge the 19 Aug 1643 ; And about 8 a Clocke att Nighte, Sr Thomas
Middleton wth greate forces, Seyvon [seven] greate peeces of ordnance, foure
cases of Drakes, and aboute fourtie Carryage of Armes and Ammunycon, came alsoe
to Namptwiche; where hee contynued for a certyn space.
Dirtwiches the workes destroyed.
On Mondaye the 28 Aug 1643 aforsaid, Captyn Croxton & Captyn Venables<r>2</r><f>Captain
Venables, afterwards Governor of Chester; he was sent by Cromwell as General of
the Forces, together with Admiral Penn, against Hispaniola and Jamaica.-(Civil
War Tracts, p. 354. Chet. Soc. Pub., vol. ii.) Companyes (wth others wch laye in
garryson att Cholmley) marched to bothe Townes of Dirtwiches, beinge places
wheire Salte was made wch the Kinges side had; And theire they defaced, cutt in
peeces, & spoyled all theire workes, pumps, and Salte pitts; and broughte some
of theire Pannes to Namptwch; whereby all theire Salte makinge was spoyled, wch
found the Kinges armye att Shrowesbury, Wales, & many of theire quarters, Salte.
The Lord Caple [Capell] havinge before made p'clamacon that non shold fetche any
Salte from Namptwiche.
Eccleshall Castle releeved.
On Tuesday the 29 Aug 1643 , The Lord Capell, Colonell Hastinges wth great
forces releeved Eccleshall Castle, being then kepte by the Kinges ptie.; &
broughte in greate store of prvision wth theim in Seyven Cartes, wch they had
entended to have Laden wth Treasure & goods & carryed the same wth theim awaye.
They then carryed awaye wth theim the Ladies and gentlewomen & the cheefe captyn.
But some of the Garrison & soldyers for the p'liamt from Stafford, quartring
there in Eccleshall Towne (in assaulte agaynst the Castle) fledd into the
Churche, from whence they soe annoyed the Kinges ptie., that they durst not doe
what they intended. And hearing that Colonell Brereton (whoe was then att
Stafford) wth his forces weire marchinge towards theim, they all suddenly fledd
awaye (wth very litle of the Castle goods); onelie the[y] carryed the dead bodie
of the Bishop [Wright] of Coventry & Lichfield, who died in the Castle, wth
theim soe farr as the Bridge, intendynge to haue carryed him away wth theim: But
theire flight & feare was soe sudden & greate, that the[y] left the Bodie of the
Bishopp & most of what they carryed furthe of the Castle behind theim, havinge
then putt in a newe Captyn theire, who Injoyed his place but a smale whyle.
Stafford forces, p'ceyvinge they weire fledd, fell p'sentlie vpon the Castle &
assaulted the same wth such Courage & vyolence, That on Wednesday the 30 Aug
1643 , (beinge the nexte day afterwards) The[y] made a breache on the Draw
Bridge & pte. of the Castle, wch the Captyn p'ceyving, sounded a ply. [parley],
seeinge he was not able (havinge but a smale company) to defend ytt; wherevpon
ytt was concluded that the Captyn shold prsentlie deliv[er] up the Castle, and
hee & his Soldyers depte. [depart] wth theire Armes onelie, wch prsentlie was
prformed. And the p'liamt forces, entring the Castle peaceablie, found in the
same ffourtie Barrells of Beere, greate store of p'vision, & in howsehold goods
Rich appell, [apparel] money, plate & other thinges (as most thoughte) to the
valewe of Ten Thowsand poundes; wch was all seazed by Colonell Brereton &
deliu'ed into his custodye & disposall: whoe thereupon retorned to Namptwiche,
where hee had left Sr Thomas Midleton & his forces, where they all contynued
vntill Thursdaye the 14 Sep 1643 then nexte.
The whole Army removed to Wem.
Vppon the 14 Sep 1643 a greate pte. of the p'liamt Army Marched furthe of
Namptwiche in the afternoone, & were quartred in Blakenall, Checkley, Dodington
& the Townes thereabouts. And vpon ffrydaye the nexte daye after, Colonell
Brereton, Sr Thomas Middleton & all the rest of the Army (excepte the trayned
band of Namptwch Hundred & some Soldyers wch laye in garrison att Cholmley)
marched furthe of Towne, wth all Sr Thomas Middletons ordnance & drakes, vnto
whome all the rest (quartred furthe of Towne before) resorted. And the nexte
Nighte, The[y] quartred att Drayton & in all the Townes & villages thereabouts,
keepinge theire Randevous theire vntill Tuesdaye nexte followinge. And then,
sending furthe theire warrants, they called In all that Countrey thereabouts to
a Gen'all Muster; & contynued att Drayton vntill ffrydaye the 22 Sep 1643 nexte
followinge. And then all the whole Armye marched thence to Wem and fortefyed
that Towne, quartring theire Army in all the Townes & places nexte adioynynge.
On Thursdaye the 28 Sep 1643 , Captyn Bromehall wth his company & some others,
beinge quartred at Lappington about twoe myles from Wem, weire assaulted by the
Kinges ptie., beinge (as was supposed) in nu'ber twoe thowsand. But Captyn
Bromehall, wthstandinge theim soe longe as hee cold, was inforced wth his
Soldyers and the reste of that companye to flye into the Churche, beinge not
able to wthstande theim vntill Ayde came from Wem, from whence releafe came as
fast as the[y] cold; But not soe speedylie but that the Kinges ptie. had fyred
the Churche before releafe came; And by that meanes enforced theim in the
Churche to yssue furthe, where Captyn Bromehall, Thomas Maynwaringe (his Ensigne),
Seriant Turner, & some others weire taken prsoners; And a Lieftent Colonell of
Sr Thomas Midletons & some fewe hurte & three slayne. And of the Kinges ptie., a
sonne of the Lord Kilmorreyes, a brother of Sr Vyncett Corbett & some others of
theim taken prsoners, and some slayne (but the certyn nu'ber was not knowne);
wch was vpon the releafe comynge from Wem & settinge vpon theim, where was a
longe battell contynueinge aboue three howers. But Nighte beinge vpon theim, the
Kinges ptie., beinge sowly [sorely] Rowted & Scattered, fledd.
Trayned bandes marched to Wem.
On ffrydaye, beinge Mychelmas daye, the Trayned bandes of Namptwiche hundred
marched towards Wem, in assistance of the p'liamt forces theire, wth a case of
Drakes; & quartred the first Nighte att Drayton, & the nexte after at Wem. And
thence contynued makinge the workes & fortefyinge the Towne: And many tymes
salied furthe & gave Allaroms vpon Shrowesbury, faceing theim in the Towne and
temptinge theim to a sett Battell; But they ever fledd & wold not fight.
Lord Capell marchinge to Namptwiche.
On Saturdaye the 14 Oct 1643 , Intelligence was sente to Namptwiche that the
Lord Capell wth very greate forces, to the nu'ber of three thowsand and more, 7
score Carryages, three greate peeces of Ordnance & a Morter peece, weire agayne
comynge agaynst the Towne. The Townesmen, especiallie the howsholders, & many
others besides the Gardes, (wch weire doubled) did watche all Nighte. But hard
[heard] noe more of theim; but that they weire quartred att Whitchurche,
Combermeyre, Marburye, Norbury, Burleydam & the places thereabouts. Vpon Sondaye
mornynge theire was an Alaram in Towne; wch did muche affrighte theim (but
wthout cause). On Sondaye nighte a greate Garde was sett in Towne; but all was
But on Mondaye the 16 Oct 1643 aboute one a Clocke in thafternoone, the said
Lord was advanced to Acton wth all theire Army, & Carryages, before any
intelligence came to Towne: Then some Dragoners & twoe foote companyes yssued
furthe of Towne towardes theim att Acton, & fyred upon theim, & did dryve theim
into Acton Churche, wch some of theim tooke for saufeguard; but many of the rest
tooke Derfold Howse. But by reason the Enymy had taken those two stronge holds,
The townesmen retreated into the Towne; fyred att theim, as the[y] sawe
occasion, over the walles. The Enymy dispersed theim selves into the fields, &
downe Henhull Lane to Beamebridge, contynuallie shootinge att the Towne wth
theire musketts, to smale purpose; but came not neere the walles; wch the
Townesmen prceyvinge, some well spirited men of the Towne, vpon their owne
accorde, wthout any com'and, leaped over the walles wth theire musketts well
charged, & Ran disorderlie towards theim; fyringe vpon theim; & the Enymy the
lyke on theim agayne all one afternoone; vntil almost Nighte, that the Enymy
bothe horse & foote fled, some of theim beinge slayne & aboute sixe or eighte of
theim taken prsonrs: & soe for that tyme all [was] quyett on bothe sides.
That Nighte all the Townesmen, & Countrey men wch came In to Ayde the Towne,
beinge greate Company bothe of men & horse, Did all watch att the Walles; (the
Enymy beinge then att Acton & Derfold); They expectinge howerlie to bee
assaulted by the Enymy, & that they wold fall upon the Towne: but vpon Tuesdaye
mornynge, when a greate assault was expected to haue byn made by the Enymy,
worde was broughte to the Towne that the Enymy, (very manfullie), weire all
fledd & gonne awaye about midnight; wch was att the first not credited; but
prved trewe: About 7 a Clocke on Tuesdaye mornynge Colonell Brereton, Sr Thomas
Middleton, & Colonell Greaves, wth almost all theire Armes marched to Namptwiche,
(exceptinge a Considerable nu'ber lefte behind theire att Wem, for saufegarde
thereof,) to haue releeved and Ayde[d] the Towne (not hearinge of the Enymyes
dep'ture); And beinge come thether & the Enymy fled, they sente after theim some
forces, whoe tooke about fourtie of the meaner sorte of the Enymy prsoners (the
best weire fledd), whiche was all the Enymy then lost, savinge three slayne att
Acton; And soe (by Gods mercy) the Towne was then prserved wthout losse of any
one, savinge two shott in the Armes, thoughe not muche the worse.
Vppon Wednesdaye Eveninge, St. Lukes Daye [ 18 Oct 1643 ] Colonell Brereton
havinge intelligence that the Kinges p'tie had beseiged Wem, drewe all his Army,
townesmen, & others to marche to Wem, In releefe of that towne; But comynge to
Preece Heathe in Shropshire, hee was informed that the Kinges p'tie had made a
fierce assaulte vpon Wem, vnto the very Walles, But weire beaten of[f] wth
greate losse; where was in theire Company, Colonell Wynn, Captyn Ellys, [of
Oswestry] Captyn Wynn, Captyn Johnes, & many other Cavaliers, whereof about a
hundred weire slayne. And the Kinges Army marchinge from Wem towards Shrowesbury,
Colonell Breretons forces hearinge thereof, by scouts sente furthe, marched
towards Leighe Bridge late in the Evenynge; where they weire enformed the Kinges
ptie. was, and had taken theire ground to the greate disadvantage of the p'liamt
forces: and Namptwiche forces, not beinge acquynted wth the place, & the
Evenynge begynynge to growe darke, The[y] fyred on bothe sides, one att the
other, wch contynued for a great space, where the Namptwiche forces lost three
comon Soldyers, but (as reported by the Neighbourhood) the Kinges side lost
fyfteene, besides Captyn Chapman & some others taken prsoners.
The Kinges ptie. flyinge, Colonell Brereton & his soldyers had the pillage of
the fielde, & they wth greate shame and confusion fledd into Shrowesbury, &
Colonell Brereton & his forces that Nighte marched to Wem; The nexte Nighte
after to Whitchurche, where the Towne was putt to cccli. [£300] Ransome, beinge
a Cavalier place, to save ytt from plu'dring. And from thence the nexte daye
afterwards, a greate parte of theim marched to Namptwiche; And some of the horse
goinge towards Chester they tooke Eleaven prsoners att Churton wth some of the
forlorn hope before the horse came vp: And then pursuynge theim they came to
Audford [Aldford], where they tooke Captyn Davenporte, (wch had broken prison
att Namptwiche) Captyn Lieftentt Harte, Cornett Leighe, Cornett Maynwaringe,
Cornet Healey, Ensigne Thornycrofte, a quarter maister, a surgeon, yonge mr
Tannatt of Broxton, Captyn Leighe & his Lieftent wounded, but not taken, some
soldyers slayne, & dyvers comon soldyers taken prsoners vpon ffrydaye the 20 Oct
1643. Battell at Leighe Bridge.
Pr'soners att Churton & Audford [Aldford].
Vpon Saturdaye the 21 Oct 1643 , They were all broughte prsoneis to Namptwiche,
whither the Reste of the Army retorned: non[e] of Namptwiche forces neither
slayne nor wounded, savinge one Bulkeley, a comon soldyer, wch was taken
plu'dring in Audford prsoner by the Enemy, by reason hee did not marche away wth
Sr Edwd Broughton & his 2 Sonnes prsoners.
On Mondaye morninge the 23 Oct 1643 , some of Sr Thomas Midletons troupe, wth
some other of the Companyes in Namptwiche marched furthe of Towne into Wales,
and broughte in Sr Edward Broughton and twoe of his sonnes prsoners to
Namptwiche from theire owne howse.
Holte taken firste tyme.
On Truesday the 07 Nov 1643 Colonell Brereton & Sr Thomas midleton wth theire
Companyes bothe horse & foote marched forthe of Namptwiche agayn towards Wales.
The firste Nighte they quartred att woodhey, Ridley, & thereabouts: on
Wednesdaye the 08 Nov 1643 , they marched forward & quartred att
Barton-on-the-hill, Stretton, & the Countrey thereabouts, where they had Alaram
gyven theim by the Kinges ptie. at Holte; but they drave them backe, & slewe
some of theim wthout any losse. And vpon Thursdaye, Lancashire forces came &
Joyned wth the p'liamt forces & marched altogether to Holte, & ymedyatelie fell
vpon the same. And by one a Clocke in thafter noone (throughe a pollicie) wonn
the Brydge & (by gods assistance) a litle after, the Towne; wthout losse of any
man; Althoughe the Kinges forces weire in horse supposed to bee about one
Thowsand, & theire foote 7 hundred, yett notwthstandinge they all fledd; And
oure foote followinge them in p'suite, fell upon theire Arere [rear] of horse, &
tooke Captyn Preece, Captyn Johnes, & Lieuftent Salusbury prsoners, wch weire
sent to Namptwiche, wth many others taken prsoners, & Some of theim slayne, &
the Rest rowted & scattred.
Hardern [i.e. Hawarden Castle] taken.
On Thursdaye Nighte [ 09 Nov 1643 ] after they had taken Holte & left a
considerable ptie. theire, They marched to wrixam [Wrexham]; where they weire
well entertayned, & quartred theire that Nighte; And the nexte daye marchinge
further into Wales tooke Harden Castle, & putt therein a Garrison; And,
contynueing in Wales, the gentry & Com'onaltie submitted theim selves & Joyned
wth theim, soe that the Army was greatly encreased; where for a tyme the[y]
Battell at Tarvin.
On Sonday the 12 Nov 1643 , the Kinges forces yssued furthe of Chester & marched
towards Tarvin, where Captyn Gerrard & the p'liamt forces laye in Garrison soe
farr as Stanford Bridge, but weire backed by Captyn Gerrard & his forces, soe
that they cold not enter the Bridge; but fyringe on bothe sides, the on[e] att
the other all that after noone Captyn- wth some forces came from Cholm'ley
Garrison, & Joyned wth Captyn Gerrard whoe then did beate Chester forces backe,
wch fledd towards Chester; but Captyn Gerrard and his company, & the reste did
follow theim to the Gorstacks, (at the Citie ende) & slewe some of theim, & then
marched backe to Tarvyn wthout losse of any, onelie one a little wounded.
Parliamt forces retorned furthe of Wales.
Colonell Brereton & the reste of the P'liamt forces remaynynge in Wales, where
they p'[ro]spered well (havinge many gent. and others resortinge vnto theim);
But havinge intelligence that greate forces weire come from Ireland & landed in
Wales to the nu'ber of twoe thowsand & fyve hundred; They all marched backe
agayne to Holte; and on ffryday the 24 Nov 1643 sente theire Ordnance backe to
Namptwiche; And vpon Saturday they all marched, some to Namptwiche, other some
to Northwiche, & Lancashire men into Lancashire wth all theire Carryage wthout
either fighte or battell wth the Enymy, leavinge Harden Castle vnreleeved;
wherein was Mr. Ince a faythfull Mynister & firme for the p'liamt, and about one
hundred and twentie Soldyers in greate daunger to haue byn destroyed, & lykewise
many other frends, gent., & others in Wales, wch had byn aydinge vnto theim,
lefte all to the mercy of the bloddy Irish Rebells. But the falte was in
Lancashire Soldyers wch wold not staye.
Harden Castle deliu'd to the Kinge.
Vpon or about the 03 Dec 1643 Harden Castle was deliu'ed vp to the Kinges ptie.
in Chester upon composi'con, viz.: That the[y] shold dep'te wth one Color
flyinge & the other Rowled vp, wth halfe of theire Armes, & some Truncks &
goods; wch was p'formed. But some of theim wch came furthe of the Castle, in
theire retorne homewards towards Wrixam [Wrexham], weire crewelly vsed by some
Welshmen, whoe did beate & wound some of theim, slewe other some, & tooke the
Wates [?] & Clothes from other some. But the 05 Dec 1643 , the foresaid mr Ince,
and some of the Soldyers, came saufe to Namptwiche. On Saturdaye mornynge the 09
Dec 1643 , 6 of the Irishe Soldyers did over Run theim from Chester, & come to
Namptwiche wth theire Armes, where they weire entertayned.
Beeston Castle deliu'ed to the Kinge.
On Wednesday morninge the 13 Dec 1643 , a litle before Daye, and after the Moon
was sett, Captyn Sandford wth 8 of his fyerlocks, (beinge in the Kinges ptie.)
gott into the vpper warde of Beeston Castle, by a byeway, throughe treachery, as
was supposed. For a little after hee was entred, Thomas Steele, then gou'nor of
the said Castle, after a shorte ply. [parley] betwixt theim, Receyved Sandford
into his Lodginge in the Lower warde, (beinge a very stronge hold), where they
Dyned together, & much Beere was sente up into the heigher warde, by the said
Steele vnto Sandford's Soldyers; And, after dynr, an Agreemt was made betwixt
theim, That Steele shold deliur vpp the Castle wth all am'unycon, goods,
p'vision, & what els, prsentlie to the said Captyn Sandford: hee & his Soldyers
beinge about three score to dpte. [depart] away, onelie wth theire Colors &
Armes; wch was wickedly & treacherouslie p'formed by the said Captyn Steele. And
the same daye att Nighte, they all came to Namptwiche, where the said Steele was
prsentlie ymprissoned, and Kepte closse for feare the soldyrs in the Towne, (wch
did Rise in greate multitudes) wolde haue killed him. Theire was in the said
Castle muche wealthe, & goods of gent. & other neighbours, broughte thether for
saufety to a greate value, wch the Enymy had, besides halfe a yeres p'vision,
att the leaste.
A Skrimage att Burford.
The same daye att Nighte, & almost eu'y Night afterwards & eu'y daye, the Kinges
ptie. gave Alarams vpon the Towne vntill Sondaye nexte afterwards.
On Sondaye mornynge, att Sermon tyme, The Kinges ptie. was advauncing towards
the Towne & gaue theim an Alaram. The Captyns wente from Churche & drewe all
theire Soldyers together, wth Seriant maior Lothian: And some of the horse
advanced to Burfoote [Burford] neere Acton, where the Kinges ptie. was; &
fallinge vpon some of theire horse (before the foote cold bee drawne together)
some of the Kinges ptie. weire slayne, other some wounded, and some horse & men
taken prsoners (not wthout losse on the other side); And the said Seriant maior
Lothian was taken prsoner by theim before the foote companyes cold come from the
Towne unto theim, (althoughe they made a greate speed). But they weire fledd,
soe that the foote Soldyers had noe sighte of theim. But on the same Sonday att
Nighte they gave the Towne another Alaram, Soe that from the tyme the Castle was
lost, vntill that tyme, the Towne was neu' [never] in quyett; neither did they
goe to Bed either daye or nighte.
The beginninge of the greate siege agaynst Namptwiche.
The Kinges forces advanced towards the Towne of Namptwiche vnto Stoke,
Hurleston, Brynley, Wrenbury, and all the Countrey thereabouts, Robbinge,
Plu'dringe, & takinge eu'y mans goods, all the next weeke after: vntill ffrydaye
the 22 Dec 1643 : Vpon wch daye they passed ou' [over] the River of Weever to
Aldelem, Hankelow, Buerton, Hatherton, Blakenhall, Wibunbury & all the reste of
the Townes thereabouts. And vpon Saturday the[y] marched to Barthomley, gyvinge
an Alaram vpon the Hall of Crewe, wherein Colonell Brereton had placed a
Garrison for the Parliamt.
The Kinges ptie. comynge to Barthomley Churche, did sett upon the same; wherein
about 20tie Neighbours where gonne for theire saufegarde. But maior Connaught,
maior to Colonell Sneyde, (whom they in the Churche did take for the Lord
Brereton,) wth his forces by wyelcome entred the Churche. The people wthin gatt
up into the Steeple; But the Enymy burnynge formes, pewes, Rushes & the lyke,
did smother theim in the Steeple that they weire Enforced to call for quarter, &
yelde theim selves; wch was graunted them by the said Connaught; But when hee
had theim in his power, hee caused theim all to be stripped starke Naked; And
moste barbarouslie & contr'y. [contrary] to the Lawes of Armes, murthered,
stabbed and cutt the Throats of 12 of theim; viz: mr John ffowler (Scholemr),
Henry ffowler, mr Thomas Elcocke, James Boughey, Randall Hassall, Richard
Steele, & Richard Steele, [bis] Will'm. Steele, George Burrowes, Thomas Hollins,
James Butler, & Richard Cawell; & wounded all the reste, leavinge many of theim
for Dead. And on Christmas daye, and Ste. Stevens Daye, the[y] Contynued
plu'dringe & destroyinge all Barthomley, Crewe, Haslington, & the places
adiacent takeing all theire goods, victualls, Clothes, and stripped many, bothe
men & women, almost naked. And vpon Christmas daye 1643 , towards Nighte,
another pte. of the Kinges forces, marched to Sandbach, most crewelly plu'dring
& spoyling eu'yone [everyone].
Battell in Bouthe Lane.
On St. Stephens daye [26 Dec] 1643 , The Namptwiche Army, (savinge those
leftetotend the Towne) beinge att or about Middlewiche & Hulmes Chappell,
marched towards Sandbach; & in Bouth Lane, neere Middlewiche, mett the Kinges
forces; where theire was a greate Battell; but the Parliamt side, beinge as ytt
seemed not stronge enough, Retyred backe to Middlewych; and the Kinges ptie. in
p'suite after theim, did dryve theim awaye, where they lefte theire Magazen, &
many slayne & wounded on bothe sides; ytt was reported that the pliamt ptie.
slayne & taken prsoners weire aboute twoe hundred. But what the Kinges ptie.
lost was neu'[er] knowne.
Hall of Crewe yelded to the Enymy.
A Garrison [being] putt into the Hall of Crewe for the p'liamt ptie., The Kinges
forces laid greate Seige agaynst the same howse; And on St. Johns Daye [27 Dec]
1643 , in Christmas, they in the howse, slewe from the howse about three score
of the Kinges ptie., & wounded many; but the Kinges forces encreasinge to a very
greate nu'ber, And Namptwiche not able to releave theim, & they in the howse
wantinge bothe victualls and Amunycon, vpon Innocents daye [ 28 Dec 1643 ] att
Nighte, not able to houlde out any longer, & p'ceyvinge noe Aide comynge to
theim, (althoughe as valiant Soldyers as any weire) weire enforced to yeld upp
the howse & theim selves prsoners to the Kinges ptie.; havinge quarter gyven
theim, and beinge in theire custodie (to the nu'ber of one hundred or more)
weire all putt prsoners into the stable, & afterwards putt into Betley Churche.
Enymy beseiged the Towne Round.
On Saturdaye Nighte, the 30 Dec 1643 , about foure hundred of the Kinges forces
came backe ou' [over] the water to Wrenbury, & the places thereabouts; & in
short tyme beseiged the Towne Round on that side; & another pte. of theim were
att Wistaston, Willaston & the rest of the Townes [townships] on another side.
Derfold and Acton Churche.
Upon Tuesday, the 02 Jan 1643[-4] , They entred into Derfold howse wthout
resistance; soe that those in the Towne weire enforced to tende the Wal[l]es
bothe daye & Night. But Acton Churche was Kepte wth a reasonable force by Captyn
Sadler, sente furthe of Towne who did defend ytt very manfullie agaynst many
assaults & Cannon shotts made by the Kinges ptie. ffrom the Churche, the p'liamt
ptie. killed the Canoneire & twoe more of them; And alsoe the widowe Parson
dwellinge neere the Churche & fyve of theim in hir howse weire alsoe slayne wth
shott from the Churche.
The 04 Jan 1643[-4] the Kinges Army beseiged Dodington Hall, wherein was Captyn
Harwar for the p'liamt, wth about one hundred men well Armed, & p'vision and
Magazen sufficiente for a fortnight; yett the same was deliu'ed to the Kinges
ptie. wth all the Armes, amunycon, & p'vision in the Howse, wthout any greate
resistance; And the said Captyn, & all his Company depted. [departed] awaye,
onelie wth theire app'ell. [apparel]; & went to Wem, not beinge suffred to come
Comynge of the Enymy.
The Towne beinge Nighte & Daye offred to bee assaulted by the Kinges forces, and
contynuall allarams gyven all that weeke; On Saturday, the 06 Jan 1643[-4] ,
some forces yssued furthe of Towne, & fetched into the Towne, syven [seven] of
the Kinges carryages laden wth goods & p'vision, & most of theim drawen wth good
Oxen; wch soe raged theim, That they prsentlie wente & burned Thomas Evansons
howse & Barne, Saboth Churches Lodge & many stacks of haye, & some other Lodges
Ann Davenporte Slayne.
The Kinges forces, havinge compassed the Towne Round, contynued theire allarams
agaynst the Towne bothe daye & Night; and on Wednesdaye Night [ 10 Jan 1643-4 ]
they, havinge planted a greate peece of Ordnance neere Derfold Howse, did, about
11 a Clock in the Night, shoote & discharge many gleed [i.e. hot] Redd Bulletts
into the Towne; whereof one of theim did light in a hovell of Kidds of mr Thomas
Wilbrahams, att the upper ende of Welshe Rowe towards Derfold, and sett the same
on fyer; but throughe gods mercye, & help of many woemen carryinge water &
takeinge greate paynes (for the men durst not remove from the Wales [walls]) did
quenche the same; litle harme beinge done. But they seeinge the fyer shott very
fast with theire Canons att the fyer, intendinge to Kill those wch came to
quench the same, and did kyll a daughter of one John Davenport wth a Canon
Bullett; wch was the first that was either slayne or wounded in the Towne, from
the first beyginnynge of the seige.
Geffrey Minshulls howse & Barne.
On ffrydaye mornynge, the 12 Jan 1643[-4] , many of the Kinges forces beinge in
and about Geffrey Minshulls howse & Barne, & att Thomas Duttons howse, neere
vnto the Towne, some fewe yssued furthe of the Towne, & fyred Mr Minshulls
Barne, & twoe Coates [Cottages] of Duttons, wch weire burned downe to the
grounde; & tooke twoe prsoners, & killed 9 or 10 (as was reported) & broughte in
a woman prsonr alsoe, wch had 20tie halfe crowne peices in hir pockett, wthout
losse of any man, savinge twoe wch were a litle hurte.
The seige thus contynuynge & the Towne neu'[never] in quyett scythens [since]
the losse of Beeston Castle, beinge wholie Surrounded by the Kinges ptie., Soe
that the Markett was lost, & non durst come to Towne to bringe either any
p'vision or fuell, nor fetch any Salte; nor any yssue forth or come In; yett
(blessed be god) theire was not for the prsent any want of any needfull thinge,
althoughe the officers & Soulders in Towne, beside townesfolke, weire many.
On Tuesday, the 16 Jan 1643[-4] some of many Companyes in Towne, yssued furthe
att the Scownce on mr Tho: Maynwaringes backside towards vid. [widow] Bromehalls
Barne, where the Kinges forces weire; & att the end theireof, had made some
walles & works for theire prservacon; But the Townesmen quyetlie entered the
same, & drove theim awaye; & found some of theire clothes; theire [? they]
killed some of theim & broughte in some Armes & Ammunycon, wth loss onelie of
one Blackshawe (a good Soldyer) whoe ventered too far.
Vpon Wednesdaye, the 17 Jan 1643-4 , The Kinges ptie. shott very muche agaynst
the Towne, and discharged theire Canons foure score & sixteene tymes, (as was
noted by some), but did neither execution nor harme att all. But upon Thursdaye
mornynge, [ 18 Jan 1643-4 ] directlie att Break of Daye, The Kinges forces did
very fiercely assaulte the towne on eu'y side; But the Towne defended theim
selves, beinge then ready att the Wal[l]es, very valiantlie & resolutelie to
Dye, rather then [than] loose the Towne: where theire was for the space of an
hower & somethinge more, very good servys p'formed on bothe sides. But then the
Kinges forces fledd when ytt was fayre day-lighte, noe faster than theire legges
could carry theim: Leavinge behind theim theire Skalinge Ladders, & many wood
Kidds, wch they had broughte wth theim, & some of theire Armes; And about one
hundred dead Bodies, wch they cold not take wth theim, (for hast[e]) & many
Captyn Sandford was slayne behind the mounte on Richard Wicksteeds backside; and
a gent., one of his fyerlocks, [was] taken there over the Wal[l]es: The gent.
was taken alyve, but dyed the same daye; & some others of theire Com'anders
weire alsoe slayne, whose names cold not bee learned. But the Towne Soldyers had
the pillage & Armes of them all. Theire weire slayne of the Townesmen John
Beckett, Robte Goldsmithe, butcher, & John Warren, wch dyed afterwards; and
three com'on Soldyers wounded.
The firste greate assaulte on Namptwiche 18 Jan 1643[-4].
Captyn Sandford Slayne. [See p. 104.] Theire was found in Captyn Sandfords
pocketts, when hee was stripped, (this Sandford was Captyn of fyerlocks, & the
same man wch entered firste into Beeston Castle, when Captyn Steele deliu'ed the
same), the manner of the designe for the said assaulte, sente from Colonell
Richard Gibson in mann'. [manner] following; viz.:--"Maior Harwar wth the
regiment vnder his Com'and, & the fyer locks, wth the Scaling Ladders, They and
all the Dragoneers, Armed wth fyer locks, or Snaphaunches, to fall on first, soe
neere vnto the fall of the Ryver, on this [Acton] side of the Water as may bee;
on the lefte hande of the Bulworkes; Then to be second[ed] with a hundred
musketteers; Then a stronge bodie of pikes; then a reserve of musketteers; & let
the Soldiers carry as many faggotts as they can; This to bee att fyve a Clocke
in the mornynge, Upon discharge of a peece of Ordnance: and to fall on the Wall,
att discharge of some peece of ordnance: 17 Jan 1643[-4] , Word. God and a good
There was alsoe found in Captyn Sandford's pocketts a letter written in theise
To the officers Souldyers & Gentlemen in Namptwiche theise:-- Gent. let these
resolve yor Jelousies, concerninge our Religion. I vowe by the faythe of a
Christian, I knowe not one Papist in our Army. And, as I am a gent. we are not
Irishe, but trewe borne Englishe, & Reall p'testants. alsoe, Borne & Bredd.
Praye you mistake us not, but receyve vs into your fayre esteeme. And knowe wee
intend Loyallie [loyally] towards his Matie & wilbe noe other then [than]
faythfull in his servys.
Thus gent. beleeve from yors
There was alsoe found upon him another letter dated the 15 Jan 1643[-4] , viz.:
Gent. Your Drum can informe you, Acton Churche, ys noe more a prson; but now
free for honest men to doe theire devocon. therein. Therefore bee prswaded from
your Incredulitie, & Resolve God will not forsake his Anoynted. Lett not your
zeale in a badd cause Dazell yor Eyes any longer, but wype away your vayne
conceipts, that haue too longe led you into Blynde error. Louth am I to
vndertake the trouble of p'swadinge you into obedyence, because your erronyous
opynyons doe vyolentlie oppose reason amonge you. But ever (yf you love your
Towne) accepte of quarter, & yf you regarde your lyves, worke yor saufetie by
yeldinge yor Towne to the Lord Byron for his Maties use; yow now see my battery
ys fixte, from whence fyer shall Eternallie visitt you, day and Nighte, to the
terror of your old and females & confusion of your Thatched howses. Beleeve me
gent. I haue laid by my formr delays, and am nowe resolved to batter, burne, and
storme you. Doe not wonder that I wryte unto you (havinge officers in Cheefe
aboue mee); tis onelie to advyse (because I haue some frends amongest you whose
saufety I wish,) That you accepte of my Lord Byrons condicons. Hee ys gracyous
and will charitablie consider of you.
Accepte of these, as a somons, that you furthewth surrender youre Towne, and by
that testimonie of your fidelitie & fealtie to his Matie you maye obteyne
favour. My fyer locks (you know) have done strange feates bothe by Nighte and by
Daye; and howerlie we will not fayle in our pryvatt visitts to you. You have not
yett receyved my Allarams wherefore expecte suddenly to here [hear] from Thomas
Sandford, Captyn of ffyerlocks. ffrom my battery and approaches before your
Welshe Roe the 15 Jan 1643-4.
The Towne contynuynge still besieged all round on eu'y side; (Althoughe ytt was
supposed, the[y] had slayne & wounded on theire side, & that did over Runn
theim, A thowsand [?-.] The Royalist losses on the 18 Jan 1643-4 , though
perhaps here much exaggerated, were very serious; as appears from particulars in
Magnalia Dei, viz.:--Lord Byron attempted "to gain the towne by a sudden and
violent assault upon five severall places of the towne at once; and this was
done an houre before day, upon notice given to one another by a shot of one of
theire Ordnance; the 18th of Januarie, which was a costly assaulte; for they
left dead at the wall lane-end, Lieutenant-Colonell Bolton, One Captain, many
Officers, and the prime of their soldiers of the Red Regiment: many they cast
there into the river, and carried many off dead and wounded.
At Wicksteds Sconce [near the "Nursery" on the north side of Welsh Row] was
slaine Captain Sandford and his Lieutenant, and some few soldiers besides left,
and many carried off slain and wounded. At Pillory Street-end, left dead behind,
one Captain, two Lieutenants, two Ensignes, seventeen Souldiers of the Green
Regiment, and carried off 60 slain and wounded thence. At the back of Mr.
Maynwarings [? Hospital Street] were left slain two Lieutenants and thirteen
Souldiers, and many dead and wounded carried off. At the Sconce near the Lady
Nortons [Beam Street-end] was left slain one Captain and 15 Souldiers, besides
what was carried off. There are with us of them deadly wounded Officers and
Souldiers 18. One of their own party reports they lost in the assault 300 men:
but we now understand they lost and had wounded 500 men." att the leaste, att
that assaulte); Soe that noe Markett was Kepte, nor any p'vision, or fewell
broughte to the Towne; & and many Cattell Kepte wthin the wales, [walls] for
feare of plu'dringe, & neither haye nor straye [straw] cold bee had for theim,
In regard of the greate store of horse, for s'vice Kepte in the Towne; Soe that
thinges began to bee scarce bothe for man & horse; yett ytt pleased God, vpon
thawinge of a greate Snowe, (wch then was) That the Reever Weever began to Ryse,
And the Kinges ptie. being afrayde that the water wold take down a platt they
made for theire passage over the Reever, a little below Beambridge, for theire
free passage to releeve one the other, (for Beamebridge beinge a fayre Stonne
Bridge, almost but newely made, was a greate pte. of ytt beaten downe.)
On the 24 Jan 1643-4 , They conveyed over the Reever all theire Ordnance &
Carryages, & most pte. of theire horse & ffoote towards Acton Churche.
Weever [River.] On Thursday [sic for Wednesday] the 24 Jan 1643-4 , The Ryver
was Reesed soe heighe that theire platt was carryed downe, & they by noe meanes
cold passe the Reever, the on[e] to the other; wch the Townesmen p'ceyving,
tooke advantage of the same, yssuynge furthe vnto theire workes, rounde about
that side of the Reever towards Beameheathe, dryvinge all theim there awaye; &
did level and throwe downe all theire works, and broughte in much Haye and
fewell: And for feare lest they (vpon fall of the water) should haue retorned
agayne, The[y] fyred a very fayre newe howse of mr Jeffrey Mynshulls, the Barne,
Stable, & all buyldinges belonginge to the same; and also another greate Barne
of his on the Heath side neere Milston lane; & And lykewyse they, & the Kinges
side burned will'm Brownes Barne; James Bullens Barne; John Wrights Barne;
Margarett Lathams Barne; & Margery Elcocks Barne; & a Lodge wch was Doctor
Harwars; And other Coates [cottages] all downe to the grounde; Bee [by] reason
they weire places wherein the Kinges ptie. had harboured & mighte a donne
agayne, when they had gotten over the Reever; And donne greate harme to the
Towne, as they had done before; (standinge all neere to the Towne).
The Siege of the 25 Jan 1643[-4].
The same daye, beinge the 24 Jan 1643[-4] Gen'all ffearfax [Fairfax] Colonell
Brereton, & many other Colonells & Com'anders wth theire owne & Lancashire
forces, to the nu'ber of three thowsand fyve hundred & fyftie horse, & three
thowsand foote marched all towards Namptwiche to remove the seige, (unknowne to
the Towne) And comynge to Dalameyre forrest, met some of the Kinges forces, wth
whome they fought, & killed some of theim, & tooke fortie p'sonrs: And restinge
theim selves that Nighte att Tilston, & on Tilston Heathe, (havinge but simple
quarter), nexte daye the[y] marched towards Namptwiche; (beinge about fyve myles
thence); But beinge intercepted att Barbridge, wth more of the Kinges ptie. they
fell vpon theim; killed some & tooke thirtie prsoners: And vpon Thursdaye, the
25 Jan 1643[-4] , drawinge to Hurleston, (twoe myles from the Towne) The[y]
weire a warr [aware] of the whole bodie of the Kinges Army att Acton advancinge
There the Battell began, betwixt theim, very fiercely; (about halfe an hower
past three in thafter noone), equall on bothe sides; But before fyve a Clocke,
many of the Soldyers of the Trayned bands yssued furthe of Towne, and fallinge
vpon the Arreare of the Kinges ptie., They all fledd & weire vtterlie Rowted,
(throughe Gods assistance). Theire weire taken prsoners, Sr Michell Erneley, Sr
ffrances Butler, Colonell Gibson, Colonell Warren, Col. ffletewood and many
Captyns, Lieftents., Corporalls, officers, and Com'on Soldyers; to the nu'ber of
xvj hundred or thereabouts: One greate Brasse Ordnance; ffoure other smaler
peeces of ordnance; & all theire Carryage, magazen, & p'vision; and alsoe all
the money & treasure, wch they had plu'dred & gotten (during all the tyme the
seige lay agaynst the Towne, wch was about Seaven weekes), vp and downe all the
Countrey & marche in Staffordshire about Betley, and the neerer pte. of that
Countie adioynynge to Cheshire; wch was broughte into the Towne; (althoughe some
of the Soldyers gott some of the money vnknowne to the Cheefe Com'anders); But
yf Daylighte had not fayled, theire had but fewe of theim escaped: the Nighte
beinge very darke, the Kinges ptie. cold not be pursued; (as was intended); But
the fighte beinge ended, many of the p'liamt forces bett good fyer, & contynued
in the Lady field att Acton Churche all Nighte. That pte. of the Kinges side wch
had taken Acton Churche and Derfold Howse, called for Quarter, wch was graunted.
Theire was slayne of theim about fourty; & on the other side but three; nor but
fewe wounded; And thus (throughe Gods mercy & assistaunce,) the Seige was
Reased; & the Towne prserued from a most bloddy malicious Enymy. All the Com'on
sorte of the prsoners, to the nu'ber of fyfteene hundred & more, weire putt into
the Churche at Namptwiche; where they contynued ffryday, Saturday & Sondaye;
(mayntayned by the Towne); And then many of theim tooke vp Armes for the
p'liamt, And weire listed vnder Seu'all Captyns; and all the wounded weire putt
furthe of Towne, wch weire able to goe, and some of theim dyed. Theire weire
amongest theim about CXXtie  weomen taken alsoe, wch weire putt furthe of
Towne; onelie some poore weomen in the Towne, tooke the best of theire Clothes
from theim, wch they had gotten by plu'der.
No Servys nor Sermon in the Churche.
On Sunday, the 28 Jan 1643[-4] , In regarde the prsoners weire in the Churche,
theire cold bee noe Servys; (havinge but one Churche in the Towne;) but prayers
& Preachinge weire att mr Thomas Wilbrahams Howse; mr Hugh Hassalls the Crowne
Gallery; & the Ladie Nortons bothe forenoone & afternoone.
Pr'soners taken at the Reasing of the Seige. The names & nu'ber of prsoners of
note, taken att Reasing the Seige, as appered by a Liste, weire Maior Gen'all
Gibson, Sr ffrancis ffletewood, Sr Michell Erneley, Sr ffrancis Butler, Sr
Rauffe Done, Colonell Warren, Colonell Gibbes and maior Hammon[d], foureteene
Captyns; thirtie Lieftents; sixe & twentie Ensignes; twoe Cornetts; two Quarter
maisters; ffourtie seriants; threescore & three Corporalls; twentie gent. of
Companyes; ffourtie Drumers; twentie Carryages; Sixe peeces of Ordnance; a
hundred & twentie weomen; And fyfteene hundred Com'on Soldyers.
The names of Com'anders wch reased the Seige.
The names of the cheefe Com'anders wch came in Ayde of the Towne to rease the
Seige, viz: Sr Thomas fferfax, Gen'all; Sir Will'm. ffearefax, his Kinsman;
Colonell Brereton; Colonell Maynwaringe; Colonell Duckenfeild; Colonell Bouth;
Colonell Brighte; Colonell Allen, Colonell Lambert, Maior Copley, maior Morgan;
maior Spencer; & many others of Note. Lancashire Com'anders Colonell Holland,
Colonell Ashton, Colonell John Bouthe, Sir Thomas Malevery, Sr will'm.
Constable, & Colonell Rigbies Reigmt conteyninge in nu'ber in all about Seyven
The markett began agayne.
Upon the nexte Saturdaye after the Seige was reased theire was a greate markett
in Towne began agayne. And plenty of all needfull things att Reasonable Rates,
wth greate rejoyceing & praysinge God for the same.
Thomas Steele Executed.
On Monday the 29 Jan 1643[-4] Thomas Steele (late badd governor of Beeston
Castle) whoe before had Judgment to dye by a Councell of warr, was shott in the
Tynkers Crofts att Namptwiche, behind the Churche, Leanynge his Backe to the
Crosse wall theire (after a very longe confession and repentance of his Synnes
made) By twoe Com'on Soldyers; the one shott him in the Belly, & the other in
his Throate; whoe was prsentlie carryed awaye, beinge laid in a coffyn standinge
on the grounde by him, broughte into the Churche Yarde & buryed ymedyatlie
neeare the Rowe of Gravestones on the Northe side of the heighe Chauncell.
Battell at Sandford Bridge.
Vpon the same Mondaye the 29 Jan 1643[-4] some of the horse on the p'liamt side,
beinge quartred In & about Tarvyn, weire sett vpon by Chester forces, where some
of the p'liamt side weire taken prsoners & some wounded: But a Company of
Dragoners makinge speed, releeved theim & released all the prsoners from theim;
killed one of theire Captyns, & some others of theim wounded many & tooke eighte
of them prsoners, wch weire sente to Namptwiche.
Daye of Thanksgivinge.
On Wednesdaye, the 31 Jan 1643[-4] , A soleme day of thankesgyvinge was held at
Namptwiche, in the same places where Servys & Sermons weire the Sabothe before.
Nantwiche Churche Cleansed.
And vpon Thursdaye, the 01 Feb 1643[-4] , The Churche was freed from all the
prsoners wch had byn theire; from pollucon. & beastliness com'itted by them; &
all the Mattes & bosses were burned; & all the pewes and seates made clayne &
washed; And on Sondaye, the 04 Feb 1643[-4] , prayers & preachinge began
publiquely agayne in the saide Churche.
Colonell Brereton leaveth for London.
On the 02 Feb 1643[-4] , Colonell Brereton sett forwards towards London to the
P'liamt. But retorned not to Namptwiche agayne vntil midsomr nexte afterwards.
Crewe Hall gyven up.
On Mondaye the 05 Feb 1643[-4] , Namptwiche forces havinge beseiged Crewe Hall,
(kepte by the Kinges ptie.) from Thursdaye before, thoughe att a farr distance,
Began to assaulte the Howse, wch when Captyn ffisher p'ceyved, whoe kept it for
the Kinges vse, desyred a ply. [parley]; wch was yelded vnto; And then ytt was
agreed, That hee & theim theirein shold all prsentlie depte. awaye & yeld up the
howse, leaving theire Armes behind theim; wch they did, being in nu'ber (wth
those wch weire wounded) one hundred & twentie & many of theim came the same
daye to Namptwiche, where they were ent[er]teyned. But the Captyn had carried
himselfe soe baselie towards the Neighbourhood thereabout that the Countrey
people wold have killed him when hee was come furthe, had hee not byn p'served
by those to whom hee had yelded vp the howse.
Upon Wednesdaye the 07 Feb 1643[-4] , Dodington Hall, beinge alsoe kepte by the
Kinges ptie., was alsoe assaulted by Namptwch forces, & upon some Shott wth
theire greate ordnance, wch they had broughte wth theim, wch the Captyn in the
Howse p'ceyving, & knowinge theire was noe hope of any Ayde, lykewyse desyred a
plie. [parley], wch was condescended vnto; The Agreemt was that the howse sholde
bee deliu'ed vp, & the Souldyers & wounded shoulde depte. awaye wth fourtie of
theire Armes; whereof the greatest pte. of theim wth theire Armes came to
Namptwiche, where they were ent[er]tayned: The nu'ber in all beinge about ...
The[y] left behind theim almost twoe hundred Armes, And good store of victualls,
powder, matches & Bulletts.
Thankesgyvinge & Humiliacon Dayes.
On Tuesdaye the 13 Feb 1643[-4] , A soleme daye of thankesgyvinge was held in
Namptwiche & att Acton. And vpon Thursdaye after a daye of humyliacon.
Adlington Hall gyven up.
Upon ffryday in the same moneth [ 16 Feb 1643-4 ] Adlington Howse was deliu'ed
vp to the p'ilamt ptie. (whoe had beseiged the same a fortnight) wth free
quarter gyven theim; wherein was a yonger sonne of Mr. Leighes: And ytt was
reported theire was found in the howse Seyven hundred Armes and fyfteene
Barrells of powder & one hundred & fourtie Soldiers.
Hall of Bidle [Biddulph] takenby Storme.
On Wednesday the 21 Feb 1643[-4] , the Hall of Bidle [Biddulph], having a
Garrison kepte in it by the Kinges ptie., wch was a very stronge stonne Howse in
Staffordshire, was beseiged by the p'liamt forces for a long tyme: Att lengthe
beinge assaulted & much battred wth greate Ordnance, They wthin desyred quarter
wch was graunted theim; The prsoners theire taken weire the Lord Brereton & his
ladie, and theire sonne & heire (a Childe), Captyn Biddulphe, Captyn Shakerley,
Captyn Minshull of Erdeswicke, maior Bouthe, three of mr. Bellotts sonnes, [of
Moreton Hall,] mr. Lockett, & about one hundred & fiftie Soldyers, All of theim
carried prsoners to Stafford: ytt was reported theire was three hundred Armes &
some Ammunycon, but how muche is not certynly reported.
Wythenshawe Howse taken by Storme.
Upon Sonday the 25 Feb 1643[-4] , mr Tatton of Wythenshawe Howse, beinge
garrisoned by the Kinges side, was taken by storme by the p'liamt forces, whoe
had beseiged the same a long tyme; wherein was mr Tatton & some fewe gent. & not
many Souldyers, wch had quarter gyven theim, the nu'ber of the prsoners beinge
but a fewe.
Colonell Myttons marche to Drayton.
On Mondaye Nighte the 04 Mar 1643[-4] , Colonell Mytton & Sr willm. ffearfax,
[Fairfax] wth some of theire troupes of horse beinge quartred att Drayton, weire
sett upon by Prince Ruperts forces. But beinge too weake for theim, they retyred
& fled awaye Disorderly. Captyn Shipley & about twelve of the p'liamt ptie.
taken prsoners: Colonell Mytton & Sr Willm. ffearfax & theire forces came to
Namptwiche in saufetye.
A gibbett erected att Namptwiche.
Upon Shrove Tuesdaye, the 05 Mar 1643[-4] , A Gibbett was sett vp in Namptwiche;
whereupon was executed the same daye, (beinge adiudged by the Councell of warr)
one Browne, a Com'on Soldyer, for wilfullye killinge, one Alfleete a Comon
Soldyer in the Streete, when hee was drunke; not knowinge what hee had done,
when hee was sober, as hee said & confessed on the Ladder.
On Ash wednesdaye the 06 Mar 1643[-4] , some of Gen'all Sr Thomas ffearfax
[Fairfax] his troupes & Colonell Lamberts wth his forces tooke prsoners neere to
Leedes, maior Vavasor, maior willm. Hewes, Captyn Leyborne, Captyn Talbott,
Captyne Lance, Captyne Cares, mr walmeslowe captyn of a troupe, mr Taylor, mr
Jennynge, mr Charles Duckett, mr Christopher Harrys, Lieftentt to Captyn
Plumton, & twoe hundred horse, (some reporte ccltie ) a hundred Comon
Soldyers, & twoe hundred Armes; all p'cell [parcel] of the Earle of Newe-Castles
Upon the same Ashwednesdaye att Nighte or Thursdaye mornynge, some of the
p'liamt forces att Emeral [Emral] yssued furthe to the nu'ber of fourtie horse,
wch tooke fourtie muskettiers behind theim, marched towards ffarne in Cheshire
neere vnto Holte, entending to haue taken the Kinges ptie. theire in theire
quarters; But they, havinge notice thereof, yssued furthe of Towne & laye in
Ambushment for theim; And when they came thether they found non[e]. But the
Kinges forces surrounding the Towne about, sett vpon theim, tooke all the foote
& some of the horse p'soners, wth all theire Armes.
An Alaram on Namptwiche.
On the 18 Mar 1643[-4] , about one a Clocke after midnight, Colonell marrowe,
wth his horse, gave an alaram on the Towne, & drave awaye many Cattell wch was
the first allaram gyven to the Towne scythens the seige was reased.
A fast att Namptwiche.
On Wednesdaye [sic for Friday] the 29 Mar 1644 was a soleme fast held att
Namptwiche, wth prayer & preachinge most of the daye.
Prince Rupert att Shrowesbury [ Apr 1644 ].
Prince Rupert, havinge layen longe quartred att Shrowesbury & in Wales,
gathering greate forces together(non[e] knowinge in Namptwiche what hee intended
to doe) made the Towne & Countrey suspicious of him; but they kepte the
Companyes together well furnished, Readye to resiste him, (yf need had byn); But
hee moved not that waye.
On Wednesday mornynge in Easter weeke 1644 , about three a Clocke in the
mornynge, An Alaram was beaten vp in the Towne of Namptwiche vpon a Reporte
broughte that the Kinges forces weire seene vpon Ravensmoore. But the scoutes
Rydinge furthe sawe non; Soe all was prsentlie quyett. On the 07 May 1644 ,
Theire was another Allaram aboute twoe a Clocke in the Mornynge (wthout cause).
Upon Thursdaye the 08 May 1644 Captyn Cheswys, wth a fewe horse, yssued furthe
of Towne [of Nantwich], And neere Cholm'ley Hall hee tooke fyve men and horse
wth theire Armes; and slewe one; wch fyve hee broughte prsoners to Namptwiche.
Captyn Stanley at Cholmley Castle.
And the same daye att Nighte Captyn Stanley wth his horse & most of the horse in
Towne, wth many foote Companyes marched forth to Cholm'ley (Beinge then
Garrisoned by the Kinges ptie.) & theire gaue theim an Allarom & Som'ond
[summoned] the Howse. But they wthin wold gyve theim noe answere; whereuppon
they gave three volyes of shott agaynste the Howse. But they wthin did shoote
very litle. Soe when the[y] sawe the[y] cold not enter the howse, The[y]
broughte allonge wth theim a hundred Sheepe, some Lambes, and some goods, wch
they found in an out howse theire, for they in the howse had all theire horse in
the Hall; And soe retorned in the mornynge all backe & saufe to Namptwiche.
About the 16 May 1644 , & from thence after for a certyn space, Prince Rupert
daylie mustred and gathered together all the forces hee cold both in Wales,
Shropshire and other places and layd greate Layes & taxes vpon Shropshire, to
some thowsand pounds, wch was most of ytt paid. And draweinge all his forces to
Holte, ffarne, Malpas, Whitchurch, and all that Countrey, vpon the 18 May 1644
hee advanced from Whitchurch to Drayton; and on Sondaye the 19 May 1644 his
Armye consistinge of aboute tenne thowsand (most of theim horse), Advanced over
the water of Weever unto Aldelem [Audlem], Buerton, Hankelow, & Woore, plu'dring
all the Countrey as the[y] wente; beinge neere Namptwiche.
On Monday the 20 May 1644 , About one thowsand horse & foote yssued furthe of
Namptwiche & marched towards [i.e., southwards from Nantwich]; but the Princes
army was retorned agayne to Aldelem [Audlem]; Soe that they weire not mett
On Tuesdaye night the 21 May 1644 , The Prince laye att Betley and his Army
weire marched to Haslington, Sandbach, Warmyncham, & all that Countrey;
plu'dring & taking All men & goods they cold gett, meddling wth noe Cattell but
horses: And on Wednesday they marched towards Rudheath. On Thursdaye they did
contynue thereabouts in that Countrey; plu'dring all the[y] cold; But the
Countrey people Rysinge agaynst theim in seu'all [several] places, did take
about twentie of theim prsoners, and some of theim weire Slayne, as the[y]
passed alonge by Dodington, By Captyn Churche and Captyn Whitney whoe kepte a
garrison in Dodington Hall, wth about fourtie Soldyers for the p'liamt.
Prince Rupert entred into Lancashire.
On ffryday 24 May 1644 The Prince wth his Army advanced towards Lancashire, &
did quarter In and about Knottesford. And on Saturdaye they advanced to
Stockporte where Colonell Duckinfeild and Colonell Maynwaringe laye wth theire
forces of horse and foote, beinge not able to wthstand soe potent an Enymy, And
the Townesmen alsoe wth all theire horse & foote vpon the advance of theim fled
into Lancashire. And on Sondaye ytt was reported that the Prince had entred into
Lancashire and weire on Barloe [Barlow] More, and had somoned Manchester.
On the same ffryday the 24 May 1644 Colonell Mytton retorned from London, & came
to Wem: And the same nighte wth some forces yssued furthe and marched to Morton
Corbett and tooke Sixe Loads of Iron and slewe tenne of the Kinges ptie., wch
laye theire in Garrison.
Colonell Hunckes goods taken.
Upon Saturdaye the 25 May 1644 Colonell Mytton, wth good forces from Wem,
marched towards Oswestry; & in his marche he tooke eighte Loads of[f] Colonell
Hunckes his goodes wch came furthe of Ireland; viz. sixe Cartes, & twoe waggons
Loaded wth Tents and Riche goods, garded wth foure Trowpes of horse and some
ffoote; But they beinge all overcome by Colonell Mytton & his company weire
saufe broughte to Wem, wth smale or noe losse of men, havinge In his Company
sixe score horse, & foure hundred foote soldyers.
[ 22 Jun 1644 ] The nexte weeke followinge, Colonell Mytton wth some of Sr
Thomas midleton's forces marched towards Oswestry: And fallinge upon the same,
They tooke ytt and the Castle, wth losse of ffoure men, And alsoe foure hundred
prsoners & three hundred Armes.
Boulton and Liverpoole taken by the Prince.
Prince Rupert wth his Army beinge in Lancashire, marched from Barloe More over
the fforde neere Eccles, And wthin twoe or three dayes after assaulted Boulton;
And wth losse of many on bothe sides, wonne ytt, and vsed much Creweltie by
inhuman murthers in the Towne: And then marched to Liverpoole, & tooke that;
where they vsed, by murdringe both olde & yonge, more Creweltie then theire was
in any place since the begynnynge of the Warres, but att Barthomley: And soe
marched throwe Lancashire att his pleasure, comyttinge many evill accons
[actions], towards Yorke: and afterwards marchinge throughe Yorkshire came to
Yorke, where hee and the Earle of Newcastle, Joynynge theire forces togeither,
sett vpon the p'liamt forces, wch then weire theire: But after a greate and
bloddy battell [at Marston Moor, 02 Jul 1644 ] where many weire slayne, The
Kinges ptie. was Rowted, & lost all theire ordnance, & many men, & much Armes, &
Colonell Brereton retorned from London.
On Midsom' daye 1644 Colonell Brereton retorned from London to Namptwiche. But
the weeke before Sr. Thomas midleton came back alsoe to Namptwiche, where the[y]
contynued vntill ffrydaye afterwards: On Thursday the 27 Jun 1644 , the Earle of
Denbighe wth one troupe of horse came lykewyse to Namptwiche, quartring the rest
of his horse att Whitchurche, & by the way as hee came; And then wth their
forces marched all togeither towards Lancashire, & kepte theire Randevous on
Saturday vpon Rudheathe: vnto whom came the Lorde Graye & Sr. John Gell, wth
greate forces bothe of horse & foote. And from Rudheathe they marched
altogeither to Knottesford, beinge in nu'ber aboute twelve thowsand.
Colonell Marrow Rowted att Oswestrie.
Then letters came to theim from Colonell Mytton from Oswestry, that Colonell
Marrowe, wth foure thousand marched towards him, & intended to beseige him:
whereupon the Lorde of Denbighe, Sr. Thomas Midleton, Colonell George Bouthes
Regymt, & Colonell Maynwarynges Regimt vpon Sondaye the 30 Jun 1644 marched from
the rest of the Company to releeve Colonell Mytton att Oswestry (beinge then
engaged): And all the Companyes in Namptwiche, excepting [the militia of]
Buckley Hundred & the towne Companyes (wch weire lefte to tende the Towne wth
Colonell Brooke and mr. Marbury Gou'nors) marched towards Whitchurche & Bunbury
wth all theire Carryages [i.e. baggage] to meete the reste of the Army: And
meetinge all togeither on Monday the 01 Jul 1644 , The[y] marched towards
Oswestry: And vpon Tuesdaye the 02 Jul 1644 , beinge come saufe thether, they
fell vpon the Kinges ptie. about three a Clocke in the Afternoone: The fighte
contynuynge vntill Tenne that Nighte very sore & equall: But then, ytt pleased
God, to gyve the victory vnto the p'liamt forces; soe that the Kinges ptie.,
after greate losse of men & many taken prsoners, fledd towards Shrowesbury. The
p'liamt forces beinge about fyve or sixe Thowsand, (as was thoughte) pursued
theim; tooke many of theim prsoners, killed many of theim, & tooke all theire
Carryages, & Matches [?], & all their magazen. The foote did flinge awaye theire
Armes, and All did Runne, some one way & some another; soe that they weire all
scattred, quyte Rowted, beinge all this yeere in Chester, Shrowesbury, & all the
forces (wch they cold make) for the Kinge, in all those his Garrisons.
On Thursdaye the 04 Jul 1644 , the p'liamt force tooke Monford Bridge, & some of
the Kinges ptie. prsoners wthout losse of any man.
On ffrydaye the[y] faced Shrowesbury, and gave them theire an allaram; tooke
some prsoners, and then returned to Wem.
On Saturdaye the[y] marched to Preece Heathe, & quartred In and about
Cholm'ley Howse yelded up.
And on Sondaye [ 07 Jul 1644 ] they marched towards Cholm'ley Howse in the
Evenynge wth three or foure peeces of Ordnance, & 4 cases of Drakes where the
two voluntier Companyes from Namptwiche, wth theire two Captyns, & other of the
officers, Captyn George Malbon, and Captain Thomas Malbon, gardinge the greate
Brasse peece of ordnance did meete theim.
The Mondaye mornynge towards springe of daye the[y] had planted theire ordnance
(the greatest of theim) wthin Pistoll Shott of the Howse: And about three or
foure of the Clocke in the mornynge, after they had Som'ond the Howse, The[y]
playd vpon ytt wth theire ordnance & shott ytt many tymes throwe, (being a
tymber howse). They in the Howse, wth theire Musketts, did shoot very fast att
theim & about fyve a Clocke in the mornynge the[y] killed one Rauffe Mylton, a
seriante vnder maior Croxton.
But the p'liamt forces playinge on the howse wth theire ordnance & smale shott
contynuallie, did beate theim furthe of the Howse to theire workes, where they
did shoote & maynteyne the servys (beinge but a fewe in nu'ber) very bravelie; &
killed maior Pynkney, a brave com'ander, and about foure or fyve more of the
But the same daye, beinge 08 Jul 1644 , they att the Howse, p'ceyvinge they
weire not able to stand out, about on[e] a Clocke in thafter noone, havinge a
fierce assaulte made vpon theim, called for Quarter; wch was Graunted; and
Captyn Horton (Captyn of the Howse) lett downe the drawe Bridge; opened the
Gates; and the Lord of Denbigh, Colonell Bouthe, & the reste of theire officers,
& some of theire Soldyers entred the Howse; where they tooke Captyn Horton, &
the reste in the Howse prsoners, beinge in nu'ber about three score and sixe,
wth all theire Armes & p'vision, leavinge the goods in the Howse a praye for the
Soldyers, whoe pillaged the same. And then leavinge Captyn Lownes wth his
Soldyers in the Howse, they all marched wth theire prysoners, Ordnance, &
Carryages to Namptwiche that Nighte. Non in the howse of the Kinges side was
either slayn or hurt.
Thanksgiving at Namptwiche.
The nexte daye afterwards beinge Tuesdaye, att Nanptwiche was kepte a soleme
daye of thankesgyvinge.
Prince Rupert Rowted at Yorke.
On Tuesdaye 02 Jul 1644 Prince Rupert was Rowted att Yorke havinge sixe thowsand
of his Army slayne, wounded and taken prsoners; 26 peeces of ordnance, all his
carryage & seyventeene thowsand pounds in money (as was reported); But not wth
out losse of a thowsand men on the p'liamt side.
The Citie [of York] deliu'ed upp.
The siege being laid closse to Yorke by the p'liamt forces ymedyatlie therevpon,
(althoughe ytt had byn laid to ytt before) on Tuesdaye 16 Jul 1644 , upon
Composicon, the Citie was deliu'ed vpp; And three score Thowsand poundes was to
bee paid to the p'liamt to save the Citie from plu'dring; And 7 C  of
Prince Ruperts soldyers, officers, to marche awaye wth theire Armes, Collors
flyinge, & Matches lighte att bothe ends: and to goe to any three of the nexte
Garrisons they playsed [pleased]: And all the reste to remayne prsoners, many of
theim wch weire supposed to marche awaye wth theire Armes from Yorke, weire by
the Soldyers for p'liamt disarmed of all the[y] carryed, and weire then turned
oute to goe whether the[y] wold, In revenge & requytall of the wronge done vnto
theim by the Kinges ptie. att Harden [Hawarden] Castle & Newarke.
Arms sente to Namptwiche.
On Saturdaye 20 Jul 1644 Colonell Brereton did send fyve hundred & fyftie Armes
to Namptwiche; And a litle afterwards retorned thether himselfe.
Prince Ruperts Regymt taken att Welshpoole.
On Mondaye 15 Aug 1644 Colonell Mytton & Sr Thomas midleton wth theire Army
marched to Wilshepoole [Welshpool] in Wales; where Prince Ruperts Regymt weire
quartred & theire tooke of theim in theire quarters three hundred fyftie & odd
horse, & threescore & odd prsoners.
Upon Saturdaye 10 Aug 1644 one Parker a troup'[er] vnder Sr Thomas mydleton was
adiudged to dye by a Councell of warr in Namptwiche for the wilfull Kyllinge mr
Randull Smythe & on[e] ... Browne in haslington, & wounded many others, (beinge
either madd or drunke); And on Tuesdaye next followinge he was executed att
Namptwiche, and afterwards hanged in cheynes on Haslington Heath, neere vnto the
place where hee comitted the murthers.
Colonell Marrowe slayne.
On Sondaye 18 Aug 1644 Colonell Marrowe yssued furthe of Chester wth all or most
of the horse & foote theire, and marched towardes Northwyche; by the waye they
plu'dred some poore mens Cattell; But some of theim appeareing vnto the
Townesmen on Hertford [Hartford] Greene, The forces in Towne yssued furthe vpon
theim; wch they p'ceyvinge, fledd before theim towards Sandywaye; The Townesmen
pursuynge theim, (vnadvysedlye to[o] farr) [so] that the Kinges ptie. tooke
fyfteene of theim prsoners & carryed theim awaye; But Colonell Marrowe was shott
in Sandywaye by one lyinge vnder a hedge, & was carryed alyve into Chester,
where hee dyed the nexte daye afterwards.
Horses & prsoners taken att Tarvyn.
On Tuesdaye 20 Aug 1644 The p'liamt forces from Northwiche, Halton, and Colonell
Brereton's Horse fell vpon the Kinges ptie. in theire Quarters att Tarvyn &
thereabouts: And tooke betwixte twoe or three hundred of theire horse & ffortie
and fyve prsoners, and killed about fyfteene of theim, onelie wth losse of one
Enemy driven furthe of Lancashire into Cheshire.
On ffryday mornynge (beinge Bartholomewe Eve) [ 23 Aug 1644 ] Newes was sente to
Namptwiche, to the Councill of Warr theire, That a thowsand of the horse of the
Kinges ptie. weire taken in Lancashire; foure hundred & odd prsoners, & many
Slayne; And that they had dryven those of theim wch weire lefte furthe of
Lancashire into Cheshire.
The battell att Oldcastle.
On Sondaye evenynge 25 Aug 1644 , the Kinges ptie. beinge about Malpas, Colonell
Brereton, almost wth all the horse and foote in Namptwiche to the nu'ber of
eighte or Nyne hundred, marched towards theim; whoe, havinge intelligence of
theire Comynge, tooke their ground on Oldcastle heathe, a waytinge Colonell
Brereton's comynge; whoe on bothe sides fell to the fighte soe soone as they
came togeither, very bravely and boldly, vntill the[y] came to hande blowes: But
in the ende, the Kinges ptie. beinge aboute twoe thowsand & a halfe (all horse)
ffledd. Theire weire slayne of theim Colonell Vayne, Colonell Conyer, Seriant
Maior Hesketh, & about three or ffoure score more; And taken prsoners of theim
Maior Cromwell, maior maxye, Captyn Clauthorne, Captyn Claveringe, Captyn
Parker, Lieutenant Mountayne, and Nyneteene Conmon soldyers: On the p'liamt
ptie. was wounded Lieutent Colonell Johnes, & noe more; & seyven wounded, but
not mortally; wch was rather a miracle then a wonder (God delte soe gracyouslie
wth theim); And on Mondaye nexte after they, wth theire prsoners retorned all
agayne to Namptwiche.
Tarvyn made a Garrison Markett Towne.
On ffrydaye 30 Aug 1644 , All the forces att Namptwiche, excepte maior Croxtons
& the Towne companyes, marched furthe to Midlewiche, where the[y] quartred that
Nighte; And the nexte daye to Northwiche & greate Budworthe, & then to Tarvyn,
wch the[y] fortefied wth stronge works; made ytt a Markett Towne; & therein putt
a Garrison: And another garrison at Huxley Hall & another att Olton [Oulton]
Hall neere litle Budworthe.
Montgomery Castle deliu'[ered] vpp.
On Wednesdaye 04 Sep 1644 , Sr Thomas Midleton wth some forces marched towards
Mountgomery Castle wch was kepte by the Lord Harbart [Herbert] agaynst the
Parliamt: But vpon theire approche thether the said Lord, did quyetlie
deliu'[er] ytt vpp to the said Sr Thomas. And at Newe Towne the same weeke hee
tooke 36 Barrells of Powder wch was sente from Bristoe [Bristol] to haue byn
[been] broughte to Kinges ptie. in Chester.
Morton Corbett taken.
On Sondaye 08 Sep 1644 , The Lorde Calvyn, Lieftent-Colonell Cootes & Captyn
ffynche wth all theire companyes (beinge come a litle before to Wem from
Namptwiche), did marche to Morton Corbett howse; and by assaulte tooke ytt, & in
the same three score & odd prsoners.
Battell at Montgomery.
Shortlie after the yeldinge vpp of Mountgomery Castle, seige was laid vnto ytt
by the Lord Herberts sonne, (his father beinge in the Castle) and by all the
forces from Shrowesbury, Ludloe, and all wch cold bee gotten in Wales, to the
nu'ber of three or foure Thowsand; And vpon Mondaye, Tuesdaye, & wednesdaye
nexte after, Intelligence was broughte to Tarvyn of the Kinge att Mountgomery:
And thereupon Colonell Brereton, wth his forces, beinge assisted wth Sr John
Meldrum (gen'[er]all in these ptes. [parts]) & Sr Willm. ffearefax [Fairfax] wth
32 Trowpers of horse, came furthe of Lancashire, & alsoe other companyes from
Stafford (makeing theim vp a greate Army) marched towards Mountgomery, wth
intente to Rease the Seige; And vpon Tuesdaye, 17 Sep 1644 they releeved the
Castle. And vpon Wednesdaye 18 Sep 1644 they mett the Kinges forces wth whome
they had a greate & bloddy battell wch contynued longe; But in conclusion
(throughe God's assistaunce) The p'liamt Army prevayled, & Rowted all the foote;
And tooke prsoners Gen'all Tilsley, Colonell Broughton, Nyne Captyns, 12
Ensignes, 17 Lieutents, 14 hundred officers & Conmon Soldyers, & slewe aboute
fyve hundred. On the p'liamt ptie., Sr willm. ffearefax was slayne, & about
tenne more, & betwixt 40 & fyftie wounded. And on Mondaye 23 Sep 1644 , Colonell
Brereton wth many of his company retorned backe to Namptwiche.
Pannes taken from Dirtewiche.
On Thursdaye 12 Sep 1644 , Captyn George Malbon and Captyn Thomas Malbon, wth
theire twoe Companyes marched to Malpas, where the bodie for the p'liamt side
then laye; & theire they laye in the Churche all Nighte, havinge but sorry
quarter: And on ffrydaye they marched to Dirtewiche, and from thence broughte
awaye sixe of theire Iron pannes, wth wch they made theire salte; & many of
their Irones belonginge to that worke, to Namptwiche, & retorned all in saufety.
On Saturdaye 21 Sep 1644 Lancashire forces came ou' [over] the water into
Wirrall in Cheshire, & tooke from the Kinges ptie. a greate peece of ordnance
sente from Chester & three score prsoners.
Executions att Namptwiche.
On 26 Sep 1644 , Theire weire foure Soldyers hanged att Namptwiche, beinge soe
adiudged by the Councell of Warr, for Runnynge from theire Cullors to the Enymy,
wch weire taken att Mountgomery, viz: Willm. Walley, Richard Hollenworth, Willm.
Strongitharm and Willm. Poole.
Red Castle taken.
On Wednesdaye 02 Oct 1644 , was taken by Sr Thomas midleton & his forces,
Redcastle, neere Welshepoole, together wth greate welthe, & many prsoners;
amongest whome was the Lorde Powys & his sonne, & three score prsoners, & all or
the most of the Papiste goodes in that Countie, viz: fyve Thowsand pounds in
Silver & Golde, & fyve thowsande poundes in goodes (as was reported).
About 18 Oct 1644 , Wrythen [Ruthin] Towne in Wales was alsoe taken by the same
Sr Thomas & his forces; some slayne, & some taken prsoners, & many pursued for
foure myles & dryven thence; whereas the Kinges ptie. had entended to haue
fortefied that Towne & made the same a Garryson towne agaynst the Parliamt.
On Tuesdaye nighte 29 Oct 1644 Maior Croxton & Captyn Lownes wth theire foote
Companyes & Captyn ... [name not given] with a troupe of horse, marched to
ffarne, where Colonell Egerton and the Kinges side quartred; & theire suddenly
sett on theim; slewe twoe or three and tooke some of theim prsoners, & the rest
escaped. And the[y] tooke aboute fyftie horse and three score Armes from theim;
And retorned saufe to Namptwiche wth out any either slayne or wounded.
Leverpoole deliu'ed vpp.
On ffrydaye 01 Nov 1644 , beinge Alhallowe day, the Parliamt forces marched to
Lev'[er]poole, (beinge then helde by the Kinges ptie.) But Sr Robte Byron, after
somons & some small assaulte, deliu'ed vpp the Towne, himselfe (beinge
Governor), one Colonell, twoe Lieftents, [Lieut.-Colonels] twoe maiors, mr James
Massye, 25 Captyns, 18 Lieftents, 25 Ensignes, tenne or eleaven hundred Armes,
foure Barrells of Powder, 14 peeces of ordnance, & fyve hundred Soldyers, all to
the p'liamt ptie.
On Saturdaye before, 26 Oct 1644 , The[y] had intelligence att Namptwiche, That
the Kinges ptie. att Beeston Castle had an intente to haue Robbed and spoyled
Namptwiche Markett folks att theire retorne home: But the forces from Tarvyn did
prvente theim; & sente 12 of theire Souldyers neere the Castle whoe broughte
awaye the Enymyes Cattell, wch when they in the Castle prceyved, yssued furthe
to haue rescowed theim; But the bodie of horse from Namptwiche beinge on
Tilstone heathe, and Lieftent Colonell Massye, havinge layd some of his Company
in Ambushmt, drewe from the Castle towards Tilstone Heathe; And Tarvyn forces,
beinge gotten betwixte the Enymye and the Castle, vpon retreate of the Enymye
towards the Castle, havinge espyed the Bodie of Namptwiche horse on Tilston
Heathe, did sett upon theim, and tooke aboute 20tie of theim prsoners, & 12 of
theire horse, and the reste of theim fledd to the Castle; wthout losse of any on
the p'liamt ptie.
Catle taken from Beeston Castle.
Upon Mondaye Nighte nexte afterwards Captyn Gymbold marched wth his Company from
Namptwiche to Beeston Castle, from whence hee tooke thirtie seyven good Oxen and
Kyne from theym, wch they broughte to Namptwiche: And aboute twoe or three
Nights afterwards, some of maior Croxtons Soldiers fetched from thence
threescore more; where twoe of his soldiers weire hurte.
Beeston Castle beseiged.
Colonell Brereton & the Councell of Warr att Namptwiche, receyvinge intelligence
that they in Beeston Castle weire in want of Matches, fewell and other
Necessaries, did on Saturday 16 Nov 1644 , wth most of the companyes in
Namptwiche, marche to Beeston Castle, and theire placed a stronge Garrison neere
the same soe that they in the Castle durst not sturr furthe; yett notwth
standinge on Saturdaye Nighte some of theim fyred one Owyns Barne, standinge att
the foote of the hill, & burned the same Barne and the wheate therein.
Captyn George Beckett dyed.
On Sondaye the 17 Nov 1644 , Captyn George Beckett, beinge wounded two monthes
before att Shocklage [Shocklach] dyed att Namptwiche; and was seemlye buryed the
nexte daye in the Heighe Chauncell, neere the Communyon Table.
Holte Bridge blocked up.
On Tuesdaye the 03 Dec 1644 , The p'liamt forces marched to ffarne & blocked vp
Holte Bridge, & made a litle worke att th'end towards ffarne: But they in the
Castle in the Nighte made a Bridge of Boats over the Ryver Dye [Dee] & came vpon
theim, & did some harme.
The murthers att Beeston Castle.
On Saturdaye the 07 Dec 1644 , 26 of the Soldiers wch laye in Garrison about the
Castle, beinge in one Owens howse standinge att the foote of the Castle hyll att
Dynn'[er], & very carelesse, Aboute fourtie or fyftie of theim yssued furthe of
the Castle by a pryvatt waye, And fallinge suddenlye vpon theim did kyll, wound,
& Burne theim all (havinge sett the howse on ffyer) savinge twoe old men, wch
they tooke prsoners wth theim into the Castle, whither they retorned wthout
losse of any one.
Vpon Thursdaye the 09 Jan 1644[-5] , The Kinges ptie. yssued furthe of Chester &
in the Nighte came to Tatnall; And theire the[y] tooke many of Colonell Leighes
horse, Armes, and some men of his troupe, beinge of the p'liamt ptie., In theire
quarters, and tooke theim to Chester, wthout losse of any on theire side.
On Saturday the 11 Jan [1644-5] , Colonell Brookes troupe, quarteringe att
Audforde [Aldford], weire suddenlie surprysed by theim from Chester & many of
his horse, Armes & men taken awaye by theim to Chester prsoners: Amongest theim
weire taken Captyn Warburton & Captyn Stewkley as conmon troupers prsoners; And
they retorned to Chester wthout losse of any one.
On Mondaye Nighte the 12 Jan 1644[-5] , Captyn Edwards troupe, beinge quartred
att Barrowe, weire by theim from Chester suddenly surprysed, and many of his
men, horse and Armes taken and carryed awaye to Chester wthout losse of any of
theim of Chester.
Twoe Irishe hanged.
On ffrydaye the 17 Jan 1644[-5] , Twoe native Irishe borne, viz.: Derby Covam &
Mortoughe Colane wch weire taken prsoners att Audforde [Aldford], when Colonell
Brookes troupes weire some of theim taken in theire quarters by them of Chester,
were tryed by the Councell of Warr, and hanged att Namptwiche accordinge to an
ordinance of Parliamt.
Vpon Saturdaye the 18 Jan 1644[-5] , Cheshire forces to a considerable Company,
beinge in theire quarters att Christleton, a myle from Chester Citie; they from
the Citie yssued furthe wth all or most of the forces they cold Rayse, to the
nu'ber of fyve or sixe hundred horse & eighte hundred ffoote, marchinge towards
Christleton, thinkinge to haue taken theim in theire quarters, as they had donne
some others before, but weire deceived, for they in Christleton havinge
intelligence of theire conmynge, by theire watche vpon the Steeple, p'ceyvinge
how the[y] marched and placed theire Ambuscadoes on bothe sides the Lane from
Boughton to the Glasse howse, made theim selves redye to gyve theim meetinge.
ffirst theire forlorne hope came vpp, vpon whome they from Christleton sett &
made theim quickly retreate to the bodie of theire Army. But they beinge well
followed, they fell vpon the Bodie of the Enymy & Rowted theim, beatinge some of
theim backe into the Citie, & some into the Ryver Dye [Dee]; And all the rest of
theim fledd, some one waye & some another, flynginge theire Armes awaye, soe
that many of theim weire slayne & wounded.
There weire taken prsoners Colonell Werden, Colonell Vane, Lieftent Colonell
Graye, Maior Goughe, Captyn Harryngton, & Captyn Warde, three Ensignes, 11
Lieftents, aboue twelve hundred Conmon Soldiers, a greate store of Armes. The
Conmon Soldiers were most of theym Chester men, as Shoemakers, Cobblers,
Taylors, Barbers, and the lyke. Theire was taken by theim of the Citie Captyn
... [name not given], his horse beinge slayne vnder him; Captyn Sankie, shott in
the shoulder, Lieftent Colonell Johnes, a litle hurte & aboute 8 or tenne killed
or wounded. The reporte was that theire weire C  of theim of the Citie sore
wounded & aboute 40tie  drowned in the Reever. James Poole, Esq. was wounded
& broughte prsoner to Namptwiche where he shortlie dyed.
A daye of Thankesgyvinge.
On Thursdaye the 23 Jan 1644[-5] , there was helde att Namptwiche A Solem daye
of thankesgyvinge for deliu'inge the Towne, when ytt was beseiged & assaulted
that tyme twelve monthes, & for all other of Gods greate blessings, prservacons
& favours towards the said Towne.
The same daye att Nighte, Reporte came to the Towne that the Kinges ptie., being
foure hundred horse, wth muskettiers behind them weire come to Whitchurche.
Wherevpon the Townesmen & Soldiers weire all comanded to stande vpon theire
Garde for prservacon of the Towne of Namptwiche.
Hawkyns shott at Namptwiche.
On ffridaye the 24 Jan 1644[-5] , Lieftent Hawkyns als. Huggyns was adiudged by
the Councell of warr, to Dye for that he was an Irishe man, had taken the
Covenante, prved for the p'liamt and afterwards went to the Kinges ptie: hee was
shott at the Chauncell end in Namptwiche.
2 hanged att Christleton.
The p'liamt side did hange twoe men att Christleton, beinge native Irishe, for
the lyke, wch weire taken att Christleton Battell.
A Marche agaynst Chester.
On Sondaye Nighte the 26 Jan 1644[-5] , Cheshire forces wth some of Lancashire
forces marched towards Chester, wth intente to haue stormed the Citie; But
approchinge neere the same vnto theire works, They prceyved the wales [walls],
by lighte of theire Matches, well garded wth Soldiers: (beinge aboute foure or
fyve a Clocke in the Mornynge): And on Mondaye, the nexte daye after, for they
weire betrayed by one of theire owne Soldiers whoe had gyven theim notice twoe
howers before; And prceyvinge they weire betrayed weire gladd to retreate wthout
any further p'ceedinge: yett upon theire retreate they weire in greate Danger,
(beinge wthin muskett shott of theim) wch when they in the Citie prceyved, did
shoote very vehementlie att theim; But the Lord prserved theim all from any
Holte taken agayne.
Vpon Tuesdaye Nighte the 28 Jan 1644[-5] , the p'liamt forces, about twoe
thowsand, went furthe of Wirrall, over a forde into Wales; (where 8 of theire
men & foure horses weire drowned) But landinge in Wales on Wednesdaye mornynge,
the Welsh men fledd: soe that the[y] marched by Harden Castle & came to Holte,
wthout any int'[err]uption, takinge many horse & prsoners: And comynge thether,
all the[y] then for the Kinge fledd into the Castle, & then the[y] entred the
same towne quyetlie, & opened the Bridge, wch did lead into Cheshire vnto
ffarne; & soe made theimselves free & open passage furthe of Wales, over the
greate Ryver Dye [Dee] into Cheshire att theire pleasure.
Wrythen [Ruthin] Towne taken.
The same weeke they entred Wrixam [Wrexham] where the[y] weire well entertayned;
And a litle afterwards hearing that Wrythen [Ruthin] was garrisoned with twoe
thowsand of the Kinges ptie., they marched thetherwards; but they theire,
hearinge of theire advanceing towards theim, ffledd, some into the Castle, &
some to Denbigh, or whither they cold gett. Then they entred the Towne, & beinge
possessed thereof did what they pleased: althoughe not muche harme to the
faythfull of the Townesmen; And stayinge not longe theire, they marched backe
towardes Wrixam [Wrexham]. They had foure men of Macclesfield hundred slayne, &
three wounded from Wrythen [Ruthin] Castle, wth a case of Drakes.
Randevous on Preece Heath.
On Tuesdaye and Wednesdaye beinge the 11 Feb 1644[-5] and 12 Feb 1644[-5] , the
p'liamt forces, havinge Ayde from Yorkshire, Darbieshire, Staffordshire, & some
more from Lancashire, beinge enformed that Prince Morrys [Maurice] was come to
Shrowesbury, expectinge greate forces, kepte theire Randevous vpon Preece Heath,
beinge a very stronge Army consistinge bothe of horse & foote: and the Princes
Army beinge about twoe thowsand Did marche to Chirk Castle, & the p'liamt Army
marched Into Wales towards the later ende of the same weeke: But the Prince
removinge from place to place, cold not bee mett wthall, nor overtaken, wch
the[y] p'ceyvinge and feareing leste hee wold wheele about some waye into
Cheshire, removed the leager from Beeston Castle, before Ayde cold come from the
Army in Wales vnto theim: And prsentlie after the whole Army marched furthe of
Wales into Cheshire backe againe on Mondaye the 17 Feb 1644[-5].
On Thursdaye the 20 Feb 1644[-5] the Prince came to Chester (as was crediblie
reported) where the p'liamt Army faced him that hee durst not come further: But
hee retorned to the Holte in Wales; And on ffrydaye made a Bridge of Boats over
Dye [Dee] vnder Holte Castle before the Cheshire forces weire awarre [aware]:
and about fyve hundred of theim came over into Cheshire: But the Cheshire
soldyers in ffarne did quycklie beate theim backe.
2 Howses burned in ffarne.
On Sondaye mornynge the 23 Feb 1644[-5] , the Kinges ptie. came over into ffarne
agayne, & theire fyred twoe howses wch weire burned downe to the ground, &
retyred backe agayne, doinge noe more harme; but seu'all tymes afterwards they
came over agayne, & burned many howses & barnes in ffarne, & beinge sett on by
the Soldyers in ffarne, weire beaten backe, yett the[y] slewe maior Jackson, &
some other of theim in ffarne, wth some losse on theire side, by the p'liamt
Upon Saturdaye mornynge the 22 Feb 1644[-5] , Colonell Mytton & Colonell Boyer
on the p'liamt side, wth aboute fyfteene hundred horse & foote, did very
secretlie & cu'inglie [cunningly] enter into Shrowesbury, althoughe not att the
Gates, nor by any knowledge of theim in the Towne; But beinge possessed thereof,
They weire bold to hold ytt, where the[y] tooke Sr Michell Erneley, Governor, &
many hundreds more in the Towne prsoners: (But the Governor beinge sore wounded
dyed a litle afterwards.) and alsoe seazed all theire estate, magazen,
Ammunycon, & Ordnance. Some of theim in the Towne fledd into the Castle; But
vpon feare [fair] termes the same Nighte they deliu'ed ytt upp to the said
The names of some of the Knightes & men of noate taken prsoners in the same
Towne weire Sir Nicholas Byron, Sir Richard Lea, Sr Richard Lewson, Sr John
Weild senr., Sr John Weild junr., Sr Thomas Cicell, Sr Henry ffredericke Thyn,
Sr Willm. Owen, Sr Herbert Vaughan, Sr Thomas Lyster, mr Ireland, mr Kynnaston
of Otley, mr Barker Junr., mr Pontesbury Owen, mr Edward Owen, mr Thomas Owen,
mr Thomas Jones, mr Pellam Corbett, Doctor Lewyn, Doctor ffowler, Doctor
Arnewaye, & a Doctor of Phissicke, mr Willm. Barker, Captaine Yonge, mr Gibbons,
mr ffoster, Captyn Stanley, mr Edward Morrys, Captyn Raynford, mr Lawton, mr
Smythe, mr Trevys, mr Robte. Sandford, Captyn Sandford, old mr Sandford, mr
Davyes, mr ffrancis Thernes, & mr Robte. Betton, twoe thowsand Armes, a hundred
Barrells of powder, many Cannons, a greate store of money & plate to the value
of ffourtie Thowsande pounds, beside greate store of Riches & goods: ffor many
greate men & others of the Countrey thereabouts had gotten all theire money,
plate & goods into the said Towne for securitie; beinge then held by the Kinges
Howses burned & deserted.
Upon takinge of Shrowesburye the Kinges ptie. burned & quytt [quit] Lea Hall,
and Tonge Castle: The[y] deserted Madeley, Rowton, & Atcham Howse on the Ryver
side was garrysoned for the Kinge & P'liamt. Morton Corbett deserted alsoe and
burned by the p'liamt. ptie. Theire weire many more Captyns & gent. of quallitie
wch are not heere named taken in Shrowesbury.
Persons in Shrowesbury broughte to Namptwiche.
On Saturday the 01 Mar 1644[-5] , Baronett Lea, Sr Richard Lewsen, Sr John Weild
senr and Junr., Doctor Lewyn, Doctor ffowler, Doctor Arnewaye, Herbert Vaughan,
Edward Kynnaston, ffrancis Sandford, ffrancis Thomas, & Thomas Owen esqrs.;
Edward Owen, Lieutentt Colonell, Captyn Stanley, ffrancis Smythe, gents.; Thomas
Johnes, Esq.; Captyn Ranesford, Alderman Gibbons, Captyn Yonge & Sr Thomas
Whitmore weire sente to Namptwiche prsoners from Shrowesbury. And vpon the 08
Mar 1644[-5] , weire sente to Namptwiche after theim, prsoners, Captyn Lucas,
Maior Ranger, Captyn Cressye, Captyn Harrison, mr Turner, Captyn Betts, Sr John
Peshall, Sr Nicolas Byron, Captyn Edward Leighton, Captyn Talbott, Captyn
Pontesbury Owen, mr Spurstowe, Lieftent Thomas Owen, mr Robte. Sandford, mr
Trevys, Thomas Betton, maior Littleton, and mr Richard Otley, All in nu'ber 38.
On Saturdaye the 15 Mar 1644[-5] , some of theise prsoners weire removed from
Namptwiche to Manchester; And the nexte day after (beinge Sondaye) some of theim
more weire removed to Eccleshall Castle.
Christleton and ffarne deserted.
On Mondaye the 17 Mar 1644[-5] , pte. [part] of Cheshire forces wch laye att
Christleton, & had in some mann' [manner] fortefyed the same hearing of the
greate powers of Prince Ruperte & Morrys [Maurice], & feareing theim selves not
able to wth stand theire greate forces, deserted & lefte the same goinge whether
they were Conmanded. And also ffarne was lefte lykewise. The Kinges ptie. then
burned Christleton towne downe to the ground.
Beeston Castle releeved.
The same Mondaye the 17 Mar 1644[-5] , The Kinges ptie. releeved Beeston Castle:
And the nexte daye after the[y] plu'dered almost all Bunbury p'ishe [parish].
24 men hanged.
On Wednesdaye the 19 Mar 1644[-5] , The Kinges ptie. drewe theire Armes towards
Holte: And the Prince hanged 24 Countrey men, some of theim Constables, and
other some poore simple men, for that they weire not so forward in prforming of
his Conmand as he expected: And the same daye they sett Beeston Hall on fyer, a
very brave howse, & burned the same downe to the ground. Beeston Hall burned.
Scotts came into Cheshire in our ayde.
On Thursdaye the 20 Mar 1644[-5] , Colonell Brereton wth his forces held his
Randevous on Knottesford Heathe & on Bowdon Downes: And thether the Scotts
havinge marched, Joyned wth theim, beinge in nu'ber fyve thowsand or
thereabouts; And on Saturday the 22 Mar 1644[-5] the[y] advanced to Sandbache.
The nexte weeke after to Whitchurche, & then back to Sandbache, and soe marched
awaye into Yorkshire.
The Kinges comynge into Shropshire.
[ May 1645.] A litle afterwards Cheshire forces, wth some others of theire
frends, marched backe agayne into Wales & begirte Chester round, placinge
Garrisons att Puddington, Rowton, Huntington, Eccleston, Iron Bridge, & Upton;
And alsoe about Beeston Castle; where they had begun to have Reased a brave
mounte, wth a stronge Ditche about the same: and had placed good byldinges
thereon, wch weire scarcely fynyshed when as newes came, That the Kinge & bothe
the Princes wth a mightie Army were marchinge towards theim: And ytt was
reported that on ffrydaye Nighte & Saturdaye the 17 May 1645 , that they
quartred aboute Newporte: And on Sondaye the 18 May 1645 , All Cheshire forces,
& the reste of theire Army retorned bothe from Walles [Wales] & all the other
holds & garrisons (Tarvyn excepted) to Namptwiche: Leavinge all the places where
they had byn to the mercy of the Kinges Army, bothe att Chester & Beeston
Castle. Newes still encreasinge of the Kinges advancinge towards Cheshire;
Mondaye & Tuesdaye they moved very litle: But on Wednesdaye Nighte the Kinge lay
att Drayton, & his Army att Muccleston, Balloporte, Bloore & all the Countrey
there abouts: And the same daye an Alaram was gyven on Namptwiche, but wth out
The Kinge advanced to Utsetter [Uttoxeter].
On Thursdaye the 22 May 1645 , theire was a fast held att Namptwiche: And the
same daye att Nighte, The Kinge retreated & Lodged att mr Sneyds of Keele (as
was reported) and his Army att and about Stone & Newcastle. Some reported hee
laye att Tren[t]ham that Nighte; but the truth was his Matie laye att mr
Cromptons howse neere Stone: on Saturdaye nighte the 24 May 1645 , hee laye att
Sr Thomas Mylwards neere Utsetter, [Uttoxeter] and his Army poore [? were]
quartred in and about Utsetter.
Leicester taken by the Kinge.
On Saturdaye mornynge the 31 May 1645 , the Kinge tooke Leicester wth greate
losse of men on both sides: And many Carryages, wagons, & waynemen, beinge come
to Towne that Nighte before for saufety lost all the goods the[y] brought & all
theire Teames, & some of theire men, to a very greate value & losse: And almost
to the vndowinge [undoing] of some of theim.
Rydley Hall assaulted by the Enymye.
On Wednesdaye the 04 Jun 1645 , the Kinges ptie. yssued furthe of Beeston
Castle, beinge not aboue twoe myles from the same place whether they entended,
wch was vnto Ridley Hall, where a small garrison, not above 16 men weire for the
p'liamt placed over Nighte to garrison the same house: The Kinges ptie., beinge
farr more in nu'ber, assaulted the Gates; but the Soldyers in the howse defended
theim selves very bravely, & killed fyve of theim; whereof one Vernon, a man of
Wibunbury towne wch had byn on the p'liamt side before, & taken the Covenant,
was one of theim: onelie the Soldiers in the howse had one man shott in the
shoulder, but in noe danger of Death.
Battell att Eaton & Rushton.
On Monday the 09 Jun 1645 , The Kinges ptie. yssued furthe of Chester beinge
three horse Companyes & sixe foote; whoe tooke Captyn Glegge & his troupe of
horse in theire quarters: But they weire all quicklie Rescewed by the forces
furthe of Tarvyn garrison: And in pursuite of theim, soe farr as Eaton &
Rushton, & about the forrest of Dalameyre [Delamere], the p'liamt side tooke
twoe Captyns & officers, & Conmon Soldyers about twoe hundred & tenne: & slewe
tenne of theim; (onelie wth the losse of three wch were slayne & taken
prsoners), besides one Barrell & many bags of powder, & some Armes, about three
hundred. And on Tuesdaye mornynge followynge, fourscore & seyven of the prsoners
weire removed from Tarvyn to Namptwiche.
Battell at Stoke Manor [ 08 Jun 1645 ]
Aboute the same tyme, two thowsand of the Kinges Garrisons of Hereford, Ludloe,
&c. entendinge to haue Joyned wth theim in Chester (as some of Chester prsoners
confessed) & to haue plu'dred & vndonne a greate p[ar]te of Cheshire in some
dayes space: But the p'liamt forces from Shrowesbury & Shropshire, not aboue
sixe hundred, mett wth theim about Stoke Mannor; And fallinge in fighte
togeither The[y] slewe the Governor of Hereford & tooke the Governor of Ludloe,
one Colonell, a Lieftent Colonell, & foure hundred Conmanders & Conmon Soldyers
prsoners; Besides many Armes, and many of theim slayne.
On Wednesday, the 11 Jun 1645 , Many of the prsoners sente from Tarvyn, about
fourteene or fyfteene in nu'ber, weire tryed att Namptwich by the Councell of
warr, whereof three of theim were adiudged to Dye, being Native Irishe; And the
same day in the afternoone they were all three hanged. (By the ordinance of
Colonell Brereton going to the p'liamt. [See Appendix D.]
On ffryday the 13 Jun 1645 , Colonell Brereton wente from Namptwiche towards
London, beinge called vp to the p'liamt., & beinge one of the Knights for
Cheshire; But stayinge a whyle in Stafford towne, he sente vp Captyn Stones,
(then Govenor of Stafford) wth but a smale Troope of horse; whoe in his Journey
mett wth some of the Kinges forces & fallinge on theim tooke fyfteen of theim
prsoners & sixe hundred poundes in money. (some reporte 8 hundred poundes.)
Harbye Battell [Naseby, 14 Jun 1645.]
Upon Saturdaye the 14 Jun 1645 , The Kinge & his Army quarteringe but a litle
from Harboroughe, Sr Thomas ffearefax [Fairfax] & the p'liamt forces fell vpon
theim, & Rowted, slewe, tooke and scattred theim all; Takinge foure Thowsand
fyve hundred thirtie & odd of theim prsoners in the field; (fyve hundred of
theim beinge Colonells, Lieftents Colonells, maiors, Captyns, & officers), All
the Kinges Carryages and ordnance; And in prsuett tooke & slewe manye of theim:
The Kinge fledd to Lichfield first (as was reported), And afterwards to
Worcester Citie (beinge neu'[never] soe yll Rowted before); The Carryages then
taken weire twoe hundred; one of theim wth the Kinges plate in ytt, worth (as
was reported) seyventeene thowsand poundes: 12 peeces of ordnance, a hundred
Ensignes wth the Kinges Standard: And in pursuite of theim twoe thowsande horse,
beside many Cloke bagges found in Lanes wth theire stringes cutt and throwne
awaye; wth much money, good clothes & other thinges of value in theim. Slayne on
the Kinges side about a thowsand; And on the p'liamt side about three hundred.
On Wednesday the 18 Jun 1645 , Leicester was by the Lorde of Loughborowe,
governor theire placed by the Kinge, vpon Composicon deliu'ed vp to the p'liamt
forces. The officers & Conmon Soldyers in the Towne beinge about fyfteene
hundred; viz. That all officers aboue degree of a Lieftent sholde depte.
[depart] wth theire horse & Armes. And all the rest either wthout horse or
Three executed [at Namptwiche].
On Saturday the 21 Jun 1645 , Three Native Irishe weire executed att Namptwiche.
Shardon Castle deliu'ed vpp.
On Sondaye the 29 Jun 1645 , Shardon Castle beinge garrisoned by the Kinges
ptie., & beseiged by the p'liamt forces, was vppon composicon deliu' [delivered]
vpp to theim; They in the Castle marchinge awaye wth theire horse and Armes; But
leavinge all theire Magazen, prvision, & goods behind theim; wch ys scythens
[since] altogeither defaced.
Cawse Castle deliu' vpp.
The very weeke before, [ 23 Jun 1645 ] Cawse [Caurs] Castle, being also
garrisoned by the Kinges ptie., was alsoe in the lyke mannr deliu'[ered] vpp to
the p'liamt forces.
Stoke Castle deliu' vpp.
And aboute that tyme Stoke Castle, neere Ludloe, beinge helde by the Kinges
ptie., was in lyke mann'[er] deliu'[ered] vpp.
The 16 Jul 1645 , Shocklage [Shocklach] howse, beinge made a Garrison by the
Kinges ptie., was taken by the Cheshire forces for the p'liamt, & and by
composicon deliu'd vpp; wherein was the Lord Byron & mr Egerton, lord of the
howse, & 23 Soldyers wth theire Armes, wheireof twoe of theim weire Captyns: And
the same daye was broughte to Namptwiche prsoners wth theire horses & Armes of
the Kinges ptie. from Beeston Castle; And the nexte daye after, some of the
other prsoners weire broughte to Namptwiche from Shocklage.
The 10 Jul 1645 newes came to Namptwiche That theire was a greate Battell
foughte in Som'setshire by Sr Thomas ffearefax & Colonell Massie & theire forces
agaynst the Lord Hopton & Colonell Goringe & theire forces; where the p'liamt
forces prvayled & Rowted theim: And tooke 15 hundred Horse, twoe thowsand &
foure hundred Conmon Soldyers; & slewe aboute fyve hundred: twoe peeces of
ordnance & foure Carryages wth Ammunyncon: Hopton and Goringe fledd into
Bridgewater wheire they weire beseiged a litle afterwards by the p'liamt forces.
The same moneth of Jul 1645 , The p'liamt forces havinge beseiged the sayde
Bridgewater, whereoff Colonell Wyndall, [Windham] was Governor, Tooke ytt, & the
said Governor & fyve knights, 6 Colonells, 14 Lieftent Colonells & maiors, a
hundred Captyns & other Officers, fourtie gents., & others of quallitie, twoe
thowsand prsoners, eighte hundred horse, thirtie sixe peeces of ordnance, fyve
thowsand Armes, tenne loads of Ammunyncon; All Gorings carryage, bagge &
baggage; & the Castle & markett place, & all wch was in that garrison: But
Hopton & Goringe weire fledd agayne.
The 22 Jul 1645 , Pomfret Castle was taken by the p'liamt forces, and three
thowsand Armes: tenne peeces of Ordnance, Twoe hundred Barrells of Powder, &
many other goods, (as was reported) wch was held by the Kinges ptie. [party].
And the same moneth Scarborowe was taken alsoe by the p'liamt forces from the
Kinges ptie. [party].
In the later ende of Julye, & beygynnynge of Aug 1645 , a newe Mounte was buylte
neere Beeston Castle, before the Gates of the Castle, wthin Muskett Shott, by
Cheshire gents., and a hundred soldyers putt therein, and a Barne taken downe
att Beeston Hall & sett vp in the same; wch they in the Castle suffred to bee
buylte wthout litle or noe int'[err]uption: And vpon Sondaye the tennth of Aug
1645 , upon a reporte that the Kinge wth fyve Thowsand horse was come to Heighe
Arcall, (wch prved vntrewe,) The same Mounte beinge well victualed from
Namptwiche, wth a monthes prvision, the trayned bandes of Namptwiche, Northwyche
& Buckley [Bucklow] Hundreds weire all drawn to Namptwiche from Beeston to haue
secured the Towne, yf need had byn [been]: But on Tuesdaye the 12 Aug 1645 , the
same three trayned Bannds did marche backe agayne to Beeston.
Lyncell deliu'ed vpp.
On the 22 Aug 1645 , Lyncell Howse, beinge kept by the Kinges ptie., was after a
greate breache made in the same, & the Governor slayne, deliu'ed vp vnto the
On Saturdaye the 23 Aug 1645 , Dawley Castle in Shropshire, held alsoe by the
Kinges ptie., was yelded vp vnto the p'liamt forces.
Bristowe [Bristol] deliu'ed vpp.
Newes came to Namptwiche, That on Thursdaye the 11 Sep 1645 , Bristowe [Bristol]
Citie, the Castle, and all the stronge holds theire, (held by Prince Rupert) was
deliu'ed vp to Sr Thomas ffearefax, Generall for the p'liamt; And all the Armes,
ordnance, Ammunyncon & prvision therein.
Chester subberbs taken.
Upon ffrydaye Nighte the 19 Sep 1645 , Cheshire forces marched prvately to
Chester, & before daye on Saturdaye mornynge, They had entred theire out-workes
& taken forgate streete [Foregate St.] & all the Suburbs on that side of the
Citie: And vpon Sonday the 21 Sep 1645 , The[y] fetched some greate ordnance
from Tarvyn, broughte theim into Chester subburbs, & planted theim agaynst the
wall of the Citie; And on Mondaye both sides playde all daye wth theire
ordnance, the one agaynst the other: And the p'liamt forces in th' afternoone
had made a Breache in the Citie wall, on the left hand Newgate, that foure
mighte have entred [a] Brest: About 8 a Clocke at Nighte, Captyn ffynche &
Captyn Gimbolde wth theire fyerlocks weire Conmanded to enter, wch they prformed
very gallantlie & bouldly; But beinge in the Nighte, & the Trayned bannds not
speedylie followinge theim, (whoe weire also appoynted for that servys), The
said twoe Captyns, wth theire fyerlocks, weire bothe of theim wounded, but not
mortally; & many of Captyn ffynches Soldyers alsoe: ytt ys supposed that yf fyve
hundred of theim had then entred, they had byn all cutt of[f]; They weire soe
readie & well prvyded in the Citie.
The greate Battell at Rowton & Howe Heathes.
On Wednesdaye the 24 Sep 1645 , The Kinges fforces, and maior Gen'all Poynes
[Poyntz] wth other brave Conmanders, Officers & Soldyers on the p'liamt side,
mett & Joyned Battell, wch was foughte on Wauerton, Rowton, and Howe [Hoole]
Heathes, neere Chester, beinge (as was thoughte) equall in Nu'ber on bothe
Att the first maior Gen'all Poynes [Poyntz] had the worste; loste some men, &
had about fyftie or three score of his taken prsoners: But Lieftent Colonell
Johnes & other Conmanders not farr distant, wth a thowsand horse & sixe hundred
musketteers yssued furthe of the Subberbs att Chester, fresh in Ayde of the said
gen'all Poynes, & Joynynge wth him, wthin a litle space did not onelie [only]
recouer all theim before taken prsoners, But vtterlie Rowted, wounded, kild, &
scattred all the Kinges forces: The Kinge in p'son [person] beinge then
sometymes in the Citie and sometymes in the Battell; for hee mighte wthout
hinderance goe from the Citie throwe the Northgate to Howe [Hoole] Heathe,
wheire his owne Regimt was in fighte.
Prsoners taken by the p'liamt forces, viz: Sr Phillip Musgrave, maior gen'all;
Sr Thomas Dakers, Sr Thomas Dawbishcounte [Daybridgecourt] Sr Michell Constable,
Sr Thomas Goare, Sr Henry Stradlinge, Sr John Phillip Hinler [Heitter] Colonell
Weston, sonne to the late Lord Treasurer; Col. Gifford; Colonell Cromwell,
Colonell ffletcher; Lieftent Colonells ffrancis Mallam,* Robte. Millington,
Hatton, Rutherford, Salkeld, & Kinbye.* Maiors [Majors] Willms. [Williams]
Morrys, Mark Duggell,* Marcke Doole*, & John Lerman.* Captyns; Captyn Martyn,
adi[u]tante gen'all, Captyn Swynhed,* Henshawe, White, Gibbons, Stravelinge,*
Shelrey*, John Conyers, Dixon, Prase,* Willey, Moreton, Symson, Bott,* Johnson,
Boulton, vaughan, & Gerratt [? Gerrard] Lowther; Lieftents, Cottrell, Morgan,
Storey, Bertram, Asleby, Golborne, Constable, mansfield, Skipwith, Jeffreson,
Power, Brooke, Whitney, Eliott, Cooke; Cornetts, Elsinge, Julyan, Rainsford,
Morley, Pierson, ffitzwilliams & Smythe. Quartermrs, Thomas Shelden, the Kinges
quartermr, Collizer, Lowe, Brere.
Trumpetts, fyve: Corporalls, twoe: Of the Kinges Liefe [Life] Garde 17:
Gent[lemen] 20tie: Conmon Soldyers betwixte 8 hundred & a thowsand, togeither
wth Capt. St. Michell, Captyn of the Queenes troupe, wth a scarfe wch the Queene
gave him from about hir Necke to weire [wear] for his collors. The Earle of
Lichfield [Bernard Stuart] slayne, togeither wth aboue three hundred Conmanders,
officers, & Comon Soldyers. Horse taken about 15 hundred.
Theire weire in all taken and slayne about twoe thowsand of the Kinges ptie.;
not wthout some losse on the p'liamt ptie. wch weire not many: Betwixte Nyne
hundred & a thowsand prsoners weire sente to Namptwiche, where they contynued
from ffrydaye vntill Thursdaye nexte after. And some of theim (about twoe
hundred) weire removed to Midlewiche & Northwiche, & the reste remayned at
Namptwiche; wch weire sente from thence to the Garrison in the Subberbs of
Chester; & soe was alsoe a greate Brasse peece of ordnance, & three greate
peeces of ordnance (lately broughte to Namptwiche) sente thether alsoe.
A p'lie. [parley] wth Chester.
Wednesday the 08 Oct 1645 , Theire was a p'lye [parley] held wth the Citie, whoe
weire to retorne theire answere on Thursdaye nexte after, by tenne a Clocke in
th' afforenoone; wch they did; but beinge dislyked, the p'lie. [parley] brake
of[f]: And the same daye the ordnance plaid [played] agaynst the Citie, & made a
greate breache in the Citie wall: And aboute Sunn settinge some of the forces in
the Subburbs entred, but weire beaten backe by reason of a greate Trenche they
in the Citie had made on theire side prsentlie agaynst the Breatche, whylest
they weire in p'lie. [parley]. Some small losse theire was of men on bothe
sides, but not muche: Lieftent Colonell Venables was shott in the Arme,
althoughe not much worse.
Walke mylles burned.
On Thursdaye the 25 Oct 1645 , the forces in the Subberbs had fynished a Bridge
wch they had made over the Ryver Dye [Dee] wth Boates, Carte bodies, & the lyke:
And the same Nighte they burned all the Citie walke mylles.
Some of theire mylles & Cundicte [Conduit] harmed.
On ffrydaye the 26 Oct 1645 The p'liamt forces drewe downe twoe peeces of
ordnance, & planted theim on the Bowlinge Banke, vnder St. Johns Churche,
entendinge to haue beaten downe their water Corne Mylles. The[y] brake two of
theim, & battred theire water Cundicte [Conduit] by the Mylles, wch fell downe a
greate pte. theirof a litle after, so that the same was of noe vse.
Battell att Denbighe.
The P'liamt ptie., beinge enformed that the Kinges ptie. drewe into a Bodie to a
greate Nu'ber entendinge to rease the Seige att Chester & Beeston Castle, beinge
aboute Denbighe in Wales, did, wth a considerable Army of horse & foote to the
nu'ber of three thowsand or thereabout, march to Wrythen [Ruthin] in Wales,
Colonell Johnes & Agitante [Adjutant] Lowthian being Conmanders in cheefe, on
ffrydaye Nighte, the 31 Oct 1645 : And on Saturdaye, being alhallowe daye,
The[y] marched to Denbighe, wheire the Kinges ptie. was on Denbighe Greene;
wheire they had to theire greate advantage lyned the hedges wth musketteers &
made good the Lane; yett neu'thelesse, the P'liamt Army fell on theim; & after a
shorte fighte, did scatter & Route theim altogeither; And tooke aboue sixe
hundred of their horse, slewe about a hundred, and tooke foure hundred prsoners;
And one thinge was marvelous, That ytt pleased God the p'liamt side did lose but
onelie one man, wch was wounded in the fighte, wch lyved about twoe howers
after: And the same Nighte wth some smale resistaunce did enter the Towne of
Denbighe. But the Kinges ptie. fyred the Towne (wch did consume most pte. of the
hearte of the Towne) after they had stayed theire all Nighte; [they] marched to
Chester after, in twoe dayes, in saufetie. On Saturdaye about three score &
seyventeen of the prsoners weire sente to Namptwiche; and twentie of theim the
nexte weeke after tooke vp Armes for the p'liamt.
Sir Thomas Aston taken.
The same weeke, Sr Thomas Aston & about threescore men, Cavaliers wth him, weire
taken prsoners by Captyn Stones att or neere Bancke[?], broughte to Stafford,
where hee contynued vntill he dyed of an vntymelie death, as yt was reported &
Beeston Castle deliu'ed.
You heard before howe Beeston Castle was unwyslye deliu'ed vp to Captyn Sandford
for the Kinges vse by Captyn Steele then Governor thereof for the p'liamt, vpon
or about the 13 Dec 1643 ; wch was held by the Kinges ptie. vntill Sonday the 15
Nov 1645 ; And then Captyn Vallatt, Governor thereof, after almost a twelve
monthes seige, wth aboute fyftye sixe in his Company, beinge broughte into
greate wante of victuals; havinge not any food in the Castle (but onelie water),
not for to haue maynteyned theim twoe dayes, & seeinge the same blockt vp, and
Chester alsoe beinge wthout hope to bee releeved; upon a plye. [parley] wth
Colonell Brereton, an agreemt betwixte theim was concluded, That they wth all
theire Armes, Colors flyinge, Drumes beatinge, & twoe Carte loades of goods,
shold instantlie depte. [depart] awaye, & deliu'[er] vp the Castle to the said
Colonell Brereton; wch was the same daye p'formed.
And when a Considerable force was putt into the Castle by the said Colonell, The
said vallatt wth his Soldiers havinge a Convaye wth theim, was broughte vnto
Denbighe, whither hee had a desyre to goe: but twentie of vallants [sic]
Soldiers, when they weire come furthe of the Castle, Laide downe theire Armes, &
eu'y [every] of theim desyred that they might have lycence to goe to theire
homes, wch was graunted. Theire was neither meate, Ale, nor Beere, found in the
Castle, save onelie a peece of a Turkey pye, Twoe Bisketts, a lyve Peacock & a
A plott to haue destroyed theire Bridge ou'[er] Dee.
On Mondaye the 24 Nov 1645 , Cheshire forces & others in the Subberbs att
Chester, havinge made a Bridge of Boates & the lyke over Dye [Dee] att the Lane
ende beneath mr Walleyes howse, that they mighte att theire pleasure goe to the
other side of the Water, wch they in the Citie prceavinge to bee very
preiudiciall vnto theim, Devysed twoe Boates, loading theim wth muskett Barrells
charged wth powder & Bulletts, & eu'y [every] Barrell lighte Matches beside
other dangerous combustable stuffs (apte to take fyer), thinkinge to destroye
theire Bridge, and sendinge the same vp the Ryver wth the Tyde, when the water
att the Cawsey laye even, about tenne a Clocke in the Nighte; wch was by the
watche on the p'liamt ptie. discovered, cominge from the Citie towards [them]
not knowinge what they weire; Butt, yt pleased God, that the one of theim did
not Reache the Bridge, & the others conminge neere the Bridge, was wth Pykes
kept of[f]; But both of theim fyringe did not any harme either to the Bridge or
Att the very instant of sendinge those twoe boates furthe, They in the Citie, to
the nu'ber of fyve thowsand horse & twoe hundred foote, yssued furthe of Chester
over Dee Bridge, intendinge to haue destroyed & overthrowne all the p'liamt
forces on the other side the Reever; wch they might haue donne, yf the Bridge
had byn broken downe & their plott taken place, by reason that noe releefe colde
have suddenly come vnto theim: But they on the other side to renewe [?] theim of
the Citie & the Ayde, wch came vnto theim of the p'liamt side ou'[over] the
water, did dryve theim backe agayne into the Citie; But wth what losse was not
knowne by the p'liamt ptie.: neither had they any man slayne nor wounded (wch
was God's greate mercye vnto theim). The[y] found an Irishe man slayne wth a
masse Booke & twoe Granadoes vpon him in theire quarters, & muche Blood on the
grounde where they had byn wch came furthe of the Citie.
Lathom Howse yelded vp.
The Kinges ptie. for a long space havinge kepte a Garrison in Lathom Hall, in
Lancashire, a very statelie howse of the Earle of Derbies; (to the greate Damage
of all that Countrey & in the ende to the vtter Rvyne of the same howse) The
P'liamt forces havinge beseiged the same about twoe yeeres; what throughe
famyne, wante of victualls and other necessaryes, & doubtefull to bee releeved;
The same was deliu'ed to the p'liamt ptie. on Wednesdaye the 03 Dec 1645 : The
Governor to depte. wth his horses, Armes, two or three more wth theire swords.
Three more of the beste to bee kepte prsoners, & all the reste of the Soldyers
to depte. wthout Armes: And the howse to bee somethinge demollished.
Hereford Citie taken.
On Thursdaye the 18 Dec 1645 , Hereford Citie, havinge a garrison kepte in ytt
by the Kinges ptie., was very Craftely taken by Colonell Morgan, Governor of
A marche towards Shyfnall.
On Saturdaye the 20 Dec 1645 , The forces of Cheshire, Lancashire, & other
places, to the nu'ber of fyve thowsand, leavinge att and about Chester three
thowsand, havinge certyn intelligence that the Kinges ptie. had gathered a
heade, & weire att Shyffnall, fyve myles from Newporte, entendinge to Rease the
Seige att Chester, Advanced to Whitchurche to haue mett theim in theire marche
to Chester: But they, hearinge thereof, disbanded theim selves to the small
Garrisons from whence they had come; All but Hereford men, whoe went to Ludloe
garrison, where they contynued vntill ffrydaye nexte after, & then by reason of
the thaweing & meltinge of the Snowe (being then very greate), They retorned
moste of theim to the Garrison att Chester.
Sr. Randull Crewes death & Buriall.
Sr Randull Crewe, Knighte, A greate Councellor, wch had byn Lord Cheefe Justice
of the Kinges Benche, a Religious good man, and ferme for the p'liamt, and a man
of fayre possessions bothe in Cheshire & many other places; And where of his
owne Charges found & maynteyned in Cheshire, for Servys of the p'liamt, duringe
all the tyme of the late warrs vntill his Death, Tenne Soldyers & Twoe Horse, &
men bravely furnished, Depted [departed] this lyfe att his howse in westmr
[Westminster], the 13 Jan 1645- , Beinge then of the Age of ffourescore and
eighte yeres or thereabouts: And afterwards his bodie was broughte downe into
Cheshire, & entombed att Barthomley (whereof hee was Patron) in a fayre vaulte
(wch hee had made), the 05 Jun 1646 , about Seyven a Clocke in th' afternoone
(beinge ffrydaye), wth out either Sermon or any Solemnitie.
Chester Citie deliud vp.
Chester Citie, havinge byn Beleagred by the p'liament forces for the space of 17
weeks, or more, was vpon Composicon & Articles betwixte the Lord Byron for the
Citie, & Colonell Brereton for the p'liamt, deliu'ed vp, vpon Tuesdaye the 03
Feb 1645[-6] : Togeither wth the Castle & Ryall [Royal] Mounte; After the Citie
had byn surrounded Rounde, & all the victualls & Releffe kepte from theim by the
p'liamt forces for a longe space; Soe that theire was greate famyn & wante in
the Citie: Vpon a p'lie. [parley] ytt was agreed by Articles as followeth, viz:-
Auticles concluded & agreed vpon 01 Feb 1645[-6] Betwixte the comissn appoynted
on the behalfe of John Lord Byron field marshall gen'all of North Wales &
Governor of Chester, on the one pte. And the Conmissioners on the behalfe of Sir
Willm. Brereton Baronett, Comander in Cheefe of all the forces of Cheshire and
att the leaguer before Chester, on the other pte. for the Surrender of Chester
Citie & the Castle & forte theireof.
ffirst. That the Lord Byron and all Noblemen, Comanders, officers & gent., &
alsoe Souldiers & all other p'sons whatsoeu'[er] nowe residinge in the Citie of
Chester & the Castle & forte thereof shall have libtie. [liberty] to marche out
of the said Citie, Castle & fforte, wth all theire appell. [apparel]
whatsoeu'[er], & noe other or more Goods horses or Armes then are hereafter
menncoed. [mentioned]; viz: The Lord Byron wth his horse & Armes & tenne men wth
theire horses & Armes to attend him: Alsoe his Ladie & Servants twoe Coaches and
foure horses in either of them for the accomodatinge of theim, and suche other
Ladies & Gentlemen as the Lord Byron shall thinke meete wth eightie of the said
Lords Books & all his deeds and evidences, manuscripts & wrytings in his
possession: The said Lord, his Ladie, nor any theire attendants carryinge
amongest theim all aboue ffourty pounds in money & twentie pounds in Plate.
The reste of the Noblemen wth theire Ladies & Servants to marche wth theire
horses, each of the said Lords attended wth foure men theire horses & Armes;
eu'y [every] such Nobleman carryinge wth him not aboue thirtie pounds in money:
Eu'y [every] Knighte and Colonell to Marche wth twoe men, theire horses & Armes;
noe suche Knighte or Colonell to carry wth him aboue Tenne pounds in money:
Eu'y Lieftent Colonell, maior, and Captyn of Horse wth one man, theire horses &
Armes, noe such Lieftenaunte Colonell, maior, or Captyn carrying wth him aboue
fyve pounds in money:
Eu'y Captyn of ffoote, Esquyer, Graduate, Preachinge Minister, Gentleman of
quallitie, the Advocate & Secretary to the Army, eu'y of theim wth his owne
horse and sworde (the Ministrs wthout Sworde) None of theim carryinge wth him
aboue fiftie shillings & the Ministrs to haue all theire owne Manuscripts,
Notes, and evidences: Lieftents, Cornetts, Ensignes & other inferior officers in
Comission on foote wth eu'y man his sworde & not aboue twentie shillinges in
All Troupers, foot Souldiers, Gunpowder makers, Canoneers, & all other not
before mencoed [mentioned] to marche wthout horse & Armes; And that none of the
said p'sons. before mencoed, shall in theire Marche, after they are out of the
Citie & liberties hereof, bee plu'dred, searched, or molested.
2. That all woemen, of what degree soever, that please to marche out of the
Citie shall haue all theire appell. [apparel] wth theim, & suche officers wyves
whose husbands are prsoners or absent may carrye suche somes [sums] of money wth
theim as are allowed by theis Articles to Comanders, officers, & Gentlemen of
their husbands quallities, & noe more.
3. That none of the Comanders, officers, or Souldiers, or any other att or
before theire marchinge out of the Citie, Castle, or forte, Doe Iniure [injure]
or plu'der the p'son or goods of any, nor carry any thinge awaye out of the said
Citie, Castle, or forte, but what ys theire owne & hereby allowed.
4. That all Citizens & others nowe residinge in the Citie shalbe saved & secured
in theire psons., & their Goods & estate wthin the Citie & Liberties theireof,
preserved & kepte from the plu'der & vyolence of the Souldyers, And haue the
lyke freedom of Trade as other Cities and Townes vnder the Parliaments p'tection
haue, and suche ymmunyties as they of Righte oughte to haue; And that eu'y suche
marchaunt & Tradesman of Chester as shall desyr to goe into North Wales to looke
after his goods shall haue a passe to goe thether & returne backe agayne; hee
firste gyvinge securitte that, duringe his absence, hee will doe no acte to the
preiudice of the p'liamt: And that noe suche pson. shall att any tyme, wthout
lycence, carrye more money wth him then sufficiente to defray the Charges of his
Jorney. And that All Citizens & others Inhabitaunts whoe shall nowe or hereafter
desyre to Marche furthe of the Citie of Chester & not acte anythinge agaynst the
p'liamt, his or theire wyves or famylies to haue the benefitt & privilege of
5. That suche officers & Souldiers as shalbe lefte sicke or wounded wthin the
said Citie of Chester, or the Castle or forte thereof, shall haue libertie to
staye vntill theire recou'y [recovery] & then haue passes to Conwaye or any of
the Kinges Garrisons not blocked vp: In the meane tyme to bee prvyded for.
6. That the said Lord Byron, Noblemen, Comanders, Gentlemen, officers, and
Souldyers, & all others that shall marche out of the said Towne [sic for Citie]
shalbe att Libertie to marche to Conwaye, & ffyve dayes are allowed theim to
marche thether wth a Convaye of two hundred horse: The welshe officers and
Souldyers to haue libtie. to goe to their owne homes, All of theim to haue free
quartr in theire marche & twelve Carryages yf they shall haue occasion to vse
soe many; wch carryages are to bee retorned the sixthe daye, & that passes bee
gyven theim for theire saufe retorne to Chester, and that they bee secured
vntill they retorne thether.
7. That noe Souldier in his marche shalbe Inveigled or entyced from his Collers
[colours] or Comand wth any p'myse or inducemt whatsoeu'r.
8. That all suche psons., Citizens, or others whoe haue famylies in Chester, &
are nowe in places remote thence, shall haue the lyke benefitt of these Articles
as those whoe are nowe resident in Chester.
9. That the frends of the Earles of Derbye & Lichfield, or of any of these whose
Dead bodies are not yett interred in Chester, shall haue two monthes tyme to
fetche theym there, whither they please, provyded that non of theim come
attended wth aboue twentie horse.
10. That noe Churche wthin the Citie, or evidences, or wrytinges belonginge to
the same shalbe defaced.
11. That suche Irishe as weire borne of Irishe parents & havinge taken pte. wth
the Rebells in Ireland & nowe in the Citie shalbe prsoners.
12. That all those horses and Armes belonginge to those that marche oute, and
not by these Articles allowed to bee taken and carryed out of the Citie, excepte
suche horses as are the prop'[er] goods of the Citizens & inhabitaunts that
shall remayne in the Citie, before the deliu'y of the same, bee broughte, the
horses into the Castle Courte, and the Armes into the Shier [Shire] Hall, where
officers shalbe appoynted to receyve theim.
13. That in consideracon hereof, the said Citie & Castle, wth out any slightinge
or defacinge thereof, wth all the ordnance, Armes, Ammunycon & all other
furniture & prvision for warr therein whatsoeu'[er], (excepte that wch ys
allowed to bee carryed awaye), And all the Records in the Castle wth out
diminucion, ymbezellinge, or defacinge, bee deliu'ed to the said Sr Willm.
Brereton, or suche as hee shall appoynte for the yse of the Kinge and p'liamt on
Tuesdaye nexte, beinge the thirde of this instant Feb 1645[-6] , By tenne of the
Clocke in the forenoone.
14. That the ffort wth all the ordnance, Armes, Ammunycon & prvision therein of
what sorte soeu' [soever] not formerlie graunted or allowed of, vpon the
signinge of these Articles bee deliu'ed to the said Sr Willm. Brereton, or suche
as hee will appoynte.
15. That vpon signynge of theis Articles, All prsoners in the Citie, Castle, and
fforte, that haue byn in Armes for the p'liamt, or imprsoned for adhearinge
therevnto shall ymedyatlie bee sett att libertie.
16. That the Convoy shall not receyve any iniury in theire goinge or comynge
backe, & shall haue three dayes allowed theim for their retorne.
17. That yf any pson. [person] concernyed in any of theise Articles shall
vyolate any pte. of theim, such pson. shall loose [lose] the benefitt of all the
18. That vpon signynge of these Articles, sufficient hostages, such as shalbe
approved of, be gyven for prformance of the said Articles.
Signed by vs the Comissioners appoynted on the behalfe of the Righte honorable
the Lord Byron
Edmund Verney Christopher Blease
John Robinson willm. ynce
Tho: Cholmondeley John Werden
Peter Griffith John Johnson
Henry Leighe Edmund Moreton
Thomas Throppe Thomas Bridge
What ys done by the Comissioners ys confirmed by
ffor the more full & p'ticular relacon of Reducinge Chester, the same ys
conteyned in a Booke sett furthe by mr Nathanaell Lancaster, Chaplain to the
Cheshire fforces, whoe was prsent and eye wittenes to all or most of those
prceedinges, wch Booke beinge putt in Printe for Edward Husbands, Printer to the
Hoble Howse of Commons, & are to bee solde att his Shop att the Signe of the
Golden Dragon in ffleete streete neere the Inne Temple, London.
All wch forsaid Articles weire well prformed on both pties., And the Citie,
Castle, and fforte deliu'ed vp to the said Sr Willm. Brereton accordinglie; &
prsentlie after entringe the Citie, theire weire broughte into the Castle twoe
thowsand eight hundred fyftie & three Bodie Armes, ffoure hundred head peeces &
many more found afterwards in the Citie, Besides peeces of Ordnance & horse.
Chirk Castle, beinge held by the Kinges ptie., when they heard of [the]
reducinge [of] Chester and surrender of Beeston Castle on Saturdaye Nighte the
28 Feb 1645[-6] , stoole [i.e. stole] all pryvatly awaye, & forsook the Castle,
And as those Officers & Souldiers weire marchinge awaye, intendinge to haue
gonne to the Garrison att Ludloe, The p'liamt forces quarteringe about
Mountgom'y, havinge some intelligence whither the enemy intended to haue gone,
fell vpon theim in their quarters & tooke one hundred & ffourtie of theim, & all
theire Armes, Bagge & Baggage.
Upon or about the 21 Mar 1645[-6] , Colonell Brereton wth his p'liamt forces,
vnderstandinge that the Lord Ashley (or Sr Jacob Astley) had gotten over the
Reever vnto Camden in Glostershire, & from thence was marched to Stowe the gte
[Greate], where Colonell Morgan joyned wth Colonell Brereton Comander in Cheefe,
havinge a good Armye (beinge Joyned togeither) of Cheshire, Glostershire,
Warwickshire, Darbieshire, & other forces; The Kinges forces intendinge to
fighte, had taken theire ground, a place of advantage, for theire musketteers
neere the Towne, and theire horse charginge the p'liamt forces twyse very
despatlie [desperately]; Some of Glostershire horse Ran awaye cleare out of the
field, & many others followed theim: But one Bodie of Warwickshire, Derbyshire,
& some others standinge theire grounde, Colonell Brereton came to theim, &
encouraged theim to charge the Kinges ptie.; And ledd theim on him selfe vntill
they came wthin halfe pistoll shott of theim before the[y] fyred.
They seeinge theire resolucon receyved the first charge, But then fledd,
whereupon the horse on the p'liamt ptie. for a short waye pursued theim, and did
some execution, But durst not venter too farr because the bodie of theire foote
remayned still wholy in the field; whoe seeinge their horse all fledd, althoughe
theire weire but fewe of the p'liamt forces either horse or foote lefte in order
in the field to make head agaynst theim, yett the said foote all closed theim
selves togeither & called for quarter to two or three of the p'liamt horse that
Ridd vp to theim: Soe that ymedyatlie vpon retorne of theim they deliu'ed vp
theire Armes & became theire prsoners.
The[y] weire in nu'ber one thowsand sixe hundred fortie and sixe: Theire weire
prsoners of accompt taken; the lord Ashley, Colonell Egerton of Ridley, Colonell
Corbett of Adderley, & his brother, & many other Lieftent Colonells, maiors, &
Captyns: Sr Willm. vaughan hardly [i.e. narrowly] escaped, but not wth out some
wounds; & about 7 hundred fledd; But some of theim weire taken afterwards.
Exeter Citie deliu'ed vp.
About Wednesday the 08 Apr 1646 , Exeter Citie, [being] held a Garrison for the
Kinges ptie., havinge byn longe beseiged by the p'liamt forces, was deliu'ed vpp
to Sir Thomas ffearefax.
Wrythen [Ruthin] Castle deliu'ed vp.
Mondaye the 13 Apr 1646 Wrythen [Ruthin] Castle, lykewyse held by the Kinges
ptie., havinge byn stronglie beseiged by the Parliamt forces, was deliu'ed vpp
vnto Colonell Mytton.
Tutbury Castle deliu'ed vp.
On Tuesdaye the 21 Apr 1646 Tutbury Castle, held by the Kinges ptie. was
deliu'ed vpp unto Colonell Brereton.
Bridgenorth Castle gyven vp.
On Tuesdaye the 28 Apr 1646 , Bridgenorth Castle, held by the Kinges ptie.,
after ytt had byn longe beseiged by the p'liamt forces, And after the Governor
of the same Castle had Burned & vtterlie consumed the heigher Towne of
Bridgenorth wth fyer, surrendered the said Castle to the p'liamt.
The Kinge comynge to Southewell.
The 15 May 1646 , The Kinge beinge distressed not knoweing well whome to trust
or putt himselfe in saufety, wth his Armeys beinge all Rowted & scattred, &
moste of his Gairysen [garrison] Townes, Cities, & Castles, taken, surrendered,
or readie to bee deliu'ed up to the Parliamt, did putt himselfe into the Scotts
Army att Southewell, neere Newarke vppon Trente, havinge in his Company but
onelie mr Ashburneham, & monsier Muntrell [Montreville or Montreuil] the
ffrenche Agent. Newes came prsentlie thereof to the p'liamt, whoe caused him to
bee staid, otherwyse ytt was ymagined he wolde haue gotten into Scotland (yf hee
cold) by reason hee came thether in suche prvate man'[ner], that hee wold not
willinglie haue byn knowne.
Newarke deliu'ed vp.
The 06 May 1646 , Newarke, beinge longe kept a Garrysone Towne by the Kinges
ptie., after they had intelligence of the Kinge beinge att Southewell & theire
staid, beinge out of all hope of releefe, deliu'ed vp the Towne to the p'liamt.
Dudley Castle deliu'ed vp.
The nexte weeke after, in the Begynnynge of the weeke, Dudley Castle, beinge
held by the Kinges ptie., was deliu'ed vp to Colonell Brereton.
Ludloe deliu'ed vp.
Ludloe Towne and Castle the 17 May 1646 , beinge a stronge holde & made a
Garrison by the Kinges ptie., after they had burned a greate pte. of the Towne,
did deliu'er vp bothe Towne & Castle to the Parliamt vse.
Beeston Castle defaced.
Chester beinge deliu'ed up aboute the 03 Feb 1645[-6] , prsentlie afterwards
command was gyven & warrants sente to the seu'all p'ishes of Bunbury, Tarporley,
Wrenbury, & Acton, and some other places and Townshipps, neerest adioyning ffor
the pullinge downe, and vtter defacinge of Beeston Castle, wch before
Whitsunweeke 1646 was p'formed. Onelie the Gatehowse in the lower warde, & pte.
of some Towers in the heigher warde, weire lefte standinge, wch scythens are
pulled downe & utterlie defaced. This Castle was buylded, as appeareth by
Auncyent Manuscripts in Ao dni. 1220 , by Earle Randull, the third Earle of
Oxford deliu'ed vp.
On Wednesdaye the 24 Jun 1646 , Oxforde, havinge byn made a Garrison by the
Kinge, (the Kinge beinge much there in pson.) & soe contynuynge almoste from the
Begynnynge of the Civill warres, was vppon Artycles deliu'ed vp vnto the Gen'all
Sr Thomas ffearefax for vse of the p'liamt & State, vpon Condicon the Kinge
shold depte. awaye wth Bag and Baggage, & Dyu'rs [divers] Coatches wth the
Gentry & theire wyves, Att the Easte porte or Gate on both sides the river to
Wheatley. The officers & Souldyers marched awaye in very good order wth theire
Armes accordinge to the Agreemt. They in the whole beinge in Nu'ber about seyven
thousand, wch boare [bore] Armes. The prvision found in the Citie was not muche
neither for man or horse, onelie salte beefe & Corne a good quantitie, a fewe
Beanes & pease, but very litle haye; Aboute xxxtie peeces of Ordnance and the
works very stronge and large.
Lichfield Close deliu'ed vp.
The 16 Jul 1646 , Lichefield Closse, beinge made a Garrison by the Kinges ptie.
and a very stronge hold, & a seige laid longe about ytt by the p'liamt forces,
was vpon Composicon deliu'ed vp vnto Colonell Brereton.
Worster [Worcester] Cittie deliu'ed vp.
Worster [Worcester] Citie, beinge a Garrison made by the Kinges ptie. was vpon
Thursdaye the 23 Jul 1646 , By Composicon deliu'ed vp to the p'liamt. vse.
Mutynye in Namptwiche.
Upon Tuesdaye the 14 Jul 1646 , A great Mutynye was made in Namptwiche by some
of the Rude & unseemlie sorte of the Towne Souldyers to the nu'ber of 3 hundred
or thereabouts; wthout either com'and or Ayde of theire Captyns or head
officers, beinge all in Armes & forcinge many honest Townesmen to Joyn wth
theim; did by vyolence drawe some of the Comittee of Sequestracons for
Namptwiche hundred (beinge in peaceable man'r executing theire office for the
State) furthe of the office where all theire Books & records weire, & fetched
other some of theim (and one of the Collectors) furthe of seu'all howses, wheire
they weire att Dynner, And putt theim all in the Com'on Pryson in Namptwiche
amongst Cavaliers, Theeves, and horse stealers (wch weire then theire) havinge
byn the Com'on prson from the firste makinge the Towne a garrison for thowsands
of Lothesome, Lowsy, wounded & maymed Souldyers, wheire many of theim had Dyed,
& noe outlett for theim to doe theire needs In: but onelie the prson howse, wch
was soe filthie & stinkinge that ytt was Gods mercy that they cold endure ytt.
Neither wold they allowe theim to haue either meate or Drinke, nor quarter in
any other howse or place; althoughe ytt was desyred bothe by the heighe Sherryff
of the Countie, & many of the Deputie Lieftents & Justices of the Peace beinge
then in Towne: (sittinge their qter. [Quarter] Sessions): But not able to medle
wth such a Rude multitude on the sudden, vnlesse they should haue reased the
Countrey, or called In the Trayned bands, wch wolde haue bredd a greater
mischeefe: Neither wolde they willinglie haue allowed theim stooles or quyssions
[cushions] to reste on: But onelie the flower [floor] or bare bordes for the
space of twoe dayes and a halfe & twoe Nights; abusing theim in wordes, callinge
theim Rounde headed Rouges [rogues]; abusing theire wyves, children, & servants
by the names of whores, & all evell wordes the[y] colde devyse; not suffring
theim to bring theim any sustenance, but what was prvatlie convayed vnto theim
back wayes, throwe holes of the Pryson; neither wolde they suffer theim to goe
furthe for doinge of theire needs duringe the whole space of ffyftie foure
howers (Layinge nothinge to their charge) but alledged that theire wages was
pte. vnpaid: Althoughe they knewe that the same Com'ittee never paid theim, nor
noe other Souldyers any; neither had they any warrant to pay theim any: ffor
they receyved theire paye alwayes from the Treasurer, By warrant from the
But as some of theim said, They wolde Beate Jacke for Gill; yett they wold not
deliu[er] theim furthe, vntill Colonell Lothian & some other gents. had
vndertaken for theire paye. The honble lower Howse of Com'ons beinge made
acquynted wth that greate abuse vsed vnto the said Comi'ttee, did appoynte a
Com'ittee to examen the buysiness, And sente downe orders to the Deputie
Lieftents of the Countie of Chester; Both to examen witnesses and certefie: But
they did neither: by reason they weire either in some faulte for not beinge more
carefull to see the Souldyers paid; or els beinge much tro'bled wth the Busines
of the Countrey. But the said Com'ittee had never any satisfac'on for the same.
fflynte Castle. [ 24 Aug 1646 ]
Aboute the later 31 Aug 1646 , fflynte Castle, garrisoned & kepte by the Kinges
ptie., was deliu'ed vp for vse of the p'liam't; And scythens [since]
Vpon the 27 Oct 1646 , Denbighe Castle, beinge a garrison and kepte by the
Kinges ptie., was deliu'ed vp for the vse of the p'liamt.
On Thursdaye the 12 Nov 1646 , Conwaye towne & Castle, wch had byn for a longe
tyme a stronge Garrison kepte & maynteyned by the Kinges ptie., & a place almost
Invincible, was deliu'ed vp to the Parliamt.
Holte Castle, a very stronge holde, beinge kepte by the Kinges ptie. a longe
space, from whence they had donne muche mischeefe, & burned ffarne [Farndon] &
all Holte, (beinge an Auncyent Corporacon in Wales), was deliu'ed vp by Sr
Richard Loid [Lloyd] Governor thereof, & the Aucthor of all that mischeefe &
burnynge, for vse of the Parliamt vpon ffryday the 15 Jan 1646[-7].
Namptwiche garrison sold'[iers] disbanded.
On the 15 Jan 1646[-7] , Namptwiche Towne was disgarrisoned; & all the paye from
Captyns, officers and Soldyers taken from theim: & they all discharged by the
Deputie Lieftents of Cheshire by order from the p'liamt, wch tooke effecte in
ffebruary nexte after.
A greate ffyer in Namptwiche.
The 22 Mar 1646[-7] , beinge Mondaye, a litle after Nyne a Clock in the Nighte,
theire happened a greate and terrible fyer in Namptwiche, throwe the Negligence
of the Ostler in Swan Stable, wth a Candle, wch in three howers did consume &
burne a greate p[ar]te of the same Stable, The Blacke Lyon Stable, & pte. of the
Lambe Stable, beinge all neire togeither, wth muche of the Haye, Strawe, &
materialls therein, togeither wth pte. of the Swan Howse, and pte. of Will'm.
Pratchetts Kitchen, & pte. of some other buyldinges, Beside many thatched
howses, neerest adioyninge weire vncovered, as widowe Arcalls Kitchen, Henrye
Hoyase [?] howse, beinge newly thatched, and pte. of mr Walthalls horse Mylne;
To the greate losse and damage of the Owners. But ytt pleased God, there was but
small wynde, & good helpe by reason of many Soldiers quartred in the Towne that
Nighte, wch tooke greate paynes, or else the fyer begynnynge in the very harte
of the towne, & water scarce, the whole Towne had byn in greate danger of
Another ffyer att Namptwiche.
The 13 Aug 1647 , Another greate ffyer, beinge in the Welsh Roe in Namptwiche,
on the outside of the dwellinge howse of widowe Bebbington, beinge a thatched
howse, betwixte 11 & 12 of the Clocke in the daye, wch hapened by Shootinge att
a Crowe on the said howse, wth a Birdinge peece, Kyndinge in the Thatche, burned
exceedinglie, & fyred Michell Davenports howse, beinge nexte adioynynge, wch
howses, by reason of a greate helpe weire quicklie uncovered, & bothe had harme
by the fyer; but Davenports howse had the greater harme; and also Davenports
fyred John Prees howse, beinge nexte adioyninge, wch spoyled a greate pte. of
one Baye, and Began to enter on Reginald Kynseyes howse; But ytt pleased God,
that the same hap'ninge in the Daye and the Towne reased, & greate helpe came,
or els the whole streete, especiallie that side, had byn burned. And about a
moneth before, All the roofe of a Wichehouse of mr wilbrams & Dorothy Brown was
burned as they weire wallinge & makeinge Salte, wch yf ytt had happ'ned in the
Nighte might haue endangered a great pte. of the Towne.
Plague att Wistaston.
The Plague began in Wistaston, beinge a litle p'ishe of one Towneship, not twoe
myles from Namptwiche, a litle after midsomr 1647 , & conty'ued about Nyne
weekes; in wch space theire dyed 26 p'sons. The same began in the howse of
widowe Scott, a Bleacher of Clothes.
Chester lyke to have byn betrayed.
On Tuesdaye the 20 Jun 1648 , the Citie of Chester had lyke to have byn betrayed
& s'[ur]prysed by some Cavaliers lurkinge in the Citie after the same was
reduced, and the Throats of the Governor, Captyns and officers practized [?
purposed] to haue byn cutt: But ytt pleased God that the same was disclosed by
one Thomas Swyndall, whoe was hyred to have prcured the same donne; his
conscience accusinge him, hee voluntarilie made Colonell Duckinfield acquynted
therewth, wheirevpon maior Houghton, beinge one wch was accused, was ymedyatlie
apprehended & sente to p'son [prison]; And beinge searched theire was found in
his pockett a letter from Colonell Edward Moldesworth, who was alsoe apprehended
& ymp'soned: The contents as followeth, viz:--
Deare Srprepare to morrowe betwixte twelve and one I will come to you prsentlie
so soone as you goe to worke. The word ys ffreedom; the marke a litle white vpon
yor lefte side at the harte. God speed vs. Tvesday, I doubte not but before
Nighte my Ladie Gamull will haue her Rents.
Your faythfull frend,
One, Captyn Oldham, was alsoe accused, apprehended & ymprsoned, Examinacons
weire taken, & by the confessions of the said Colonell Moldesworthe, Lieftent
Colonell James Baker, Lieftent John Purcell, Raufe Smythe, Corporall Willm.
Ashton, Thomas Swyndall, Samuel Plat, & William Barton, beinge pryvate Soldyers
& Cheefe Actors for the Surp'[ri]sall of the Citie & Castle of Chester, they
confessed that they had concluded to haue surprized the said Citie & Castle vpon
Tuesdaye the 20 Jun 1648 ; and vpon the surprizall notice sholde have byn gyven
vnto the said Moldesworth, & others wch weire appoynted to Lye in the howse
neere the Castle, by shootinge of the greate gunnes, and Lieftent Oldham should
haue byn Governor of the Castle: ffor wch offence they weire some of theim tryed
by a Councell of Warr, & had Judgmt to Dye: Lieftent Oldham, & Willm. Ashton
weire shott agaynst the wall in Northgate Streete for their offence.
Plague att Midlewiche.
The Plauge began in Midlewiche the 01 Aug 1647 , And contynued there vntill
about Shroftyde nexte afterwards ; Duringe wch tyme theire dyed of the
plauge aboute twoe hundred and thirteene men, woemen, & children.
Battell agaynst the Scotts our enymyes.
The 17 Aug 1648 , A greate Army of Scotts, as was reported & beleeved to be
trewe, to the nu'ber of Thirtie and twoe thowsand, Came as farr into England as
Preston in Lancashire, wthout any resistance, intendinge to haue destroyed the
Englishe Nation & Parliamt; But theire beinge opposed & sett vpon very suddenlie
in their quarters by the valiant & renowned Englishe Gen'all Cromwell, (many of
the Scotts Army beinge quartered in Preston, & many, especiallie theire horse,
further Remote in seu'all [several] Towneshipps) who slewe and wounded about
foure Thowsand of theim, & tooke about sixe thowsand of theim prsoners, & soe
Rowted & scattred theire whole Army, that the[y] fledd towards Warrington: &
beinge pursued by the said Englishe Gen'all, betwixte Preston & Warrington,
weire taken foure thowsand, wch submitted theim selves prsoners, & twoe thowsand
and fyve hundred of theim slayne. Then the Scotts beinge thus Rowted and Slayne,
the remaynder of theire Army fled into Cheshire, but beinge theire, and in
greate frighte, & straungers in that Countrey, not knowinge wch waye to take,
beinge muche scattred, (theire was not many of theim slayne ffor they weire
content to yeld theim selves prsoners) when they prceyved that Countie to Ryse
agaynst theim, and call for quarter to any that wold oppose theim; Soe that many
of that Countie had greate store both of horse & prsoners; for almost any one or
twoe wch did but offer to oppose theim, had 8, 10, [8, 10,] or a dozen prsoners
& horses. Theire weire broughte prsoners to Namptwiche, p'sons of accompt, viz.:
Earle Traquerne [Traquaire], Lord Cornegy, Lord Lunton, Lord Ramsay, Sr James
Lasly [Leslie], Sr Nicholas maismath; four maiors; twelve Captyns; eleaven
Lieftents; three Ensigns; three Cornetts; one quartermr; fyve ministers;
fyfteene gent. of quallitie, & aboute one thowsand Com'on Soldiers. They were
almost all of theim a fortnighte in Towne; The greate men & better sorte of
theim weire well quartered in Innes, & other sufficient howses, & the Com'on
Soldyers weire kepte in the Churche.
On Tuesday the 05 Sep 1648 , the Noblemen weire removed to Warwick Castle; But
the weeke before all the Com'on sorte in the Churche, weire sent abroad to
seu'all Townshipps in the Countrey, wch vsed to sett furthe the Trayned bannds;
eu'y towneshipp had double the prsoners to quarter to the nu'ber of the trayned
bands. The Mynisters, Captyns, and other officers [were] quartered in the Towne
for a long tyme afterwards.
Duke of Hamilton taken.
About the same tyme, The Duke of Hamilton & many of the rest of the Scotts weire
taken att and about Utsetter [Uttoxeter]. The Duke wth some of theim weire sente
vp to London, where in the Pallace yarde att westmr [Westminster] the 09 Mar
1648[-9] , hee & the Earle of Holland & the Lord Capell weire all three
Barwicke & Carlisle.
The 05 Oct 1648 , Barwicke, beinge helde & made a garrison by the Kinges ptie.,
was surrendered vnto Lieuten. Gen'all Cromwell; & Colonell Brighte vpon
surrender of Carelyle [Carlisle] was sente to take possession thereof.
Colchester was surrendered vp to the Parliamt vse the 28 Aug 1648 , wherein
weire very many Lords, Knightes, Esqrs., Colonells, Captyns, officers,
Commanders, & Comon Soldyers, to the nu'ber of many thowsands; many escaped, but
weire most of theim taken afterwards: Sr Charles Lucas, & Sr George Lisle, &
Coll. ffarr weire adiudged to dye; And weire afterwards shott.
A ffyer at Namptwiche.
The 29 Nov 1649 [? 1648 ], beinge Thursdaye, theire happened a greate ffyer in
the howse of Owen Lea in the Beam Streete in Namptwiche, Betwixt 12 and one a
Clocke in the mornynge, wch burned the roofe of his said howse & much of his
Goods, and alsoe the roofe of Anne Walthals howse nexte adioynge on the East
ende, & all her goods; And lykewyse muche of the tymber of bothe howses; and
twoe howses of Wilkensons weire uncovered and the Thatch pulled of[f] them, or
else they had byn burned alsoe.
Beaumaris surrendered vp.
Aboute Bartholomewe daye [24 Aug] 1648 , Colonell Mytton & Colonell Lothian of
Namptwiche, wth many Comanders, Captyns, officers, and Comon Soldyers for the
Parliamt to the nu'ber of 13 hundred horse & foote of Cheshire, Shropshire &
North Wales, marched to Wrythen [Ruthin] where most of theire forces mett. ffrom
theire they marched throwe Denbighe to St. Assaphe from thence to Abbergaly,
from thence to Lanrouse [Llanwrst], and from thence to Bangor, wheire theire ys
onelie a greate Ryver betwixt that & Anglesey; & theire the[y] Laye on theire
garde fourteene dayes vntill Boates weire broughte to theim to carrye theim
On Mondaye Nighte, beinge Michaelmas daye [ 29 Sep 1648 ], the[y] Boated over
theire men into Anglesey, & surprized the Garde, to the astonyshmt of the
Islanders, & staid theire by the water side a daye & a Nighte wthout receyving
any Alaram, The Bodie of theim beinge att and about Bewmarrys, reported to bee
in nu'ber twoe or three thowsand on the Kinges ptie. And the nexte mornynge they
marched towards theim, & theire meetinge wth theim about twoe or three of the
Clocke in thafter noone, the[y] ingaged Battell betwixt theim; & contynued in
fighte twoe or three howers, But in conclusion the Kinges ptie. retreated into
the Towne, Churche, and Castle; & those in the Towne and Churche prsentlie
sounded to a plie. [parley] wch was graunted vnto theim: And the conclusion was
that they shold haue onelie quarter for their lyves, & to surrender vp the Towne
& Churche vnto the vse of the p'liamt, together wth all Armes, Collors, drumes,
powder, Ammunycon & prvision whatsoeu'[er], wch was prformed; And the same
Evenynge the p'liamt forces entred the Towne; But the Castle about a weeke
after; & then vpon Composicon for quarter onelie.
The[y] surrendered the same alsoe wth all Armes, Ammunycon & prvision
whatsoeu'[er] was in the same. Theire weire not aboue twentie on the p'liamt
side slayne & wounded; But of the other ptie. a greate nu'ber.
p[er] me Thomam Malbon
[End of Malbon's account of the Civil War.]
His further Writings:-
The Scotts forces wth theire Kinge weire in Namptwiche on Monday the 18 Aug 1651
, but did not much harme; onelie tooke Armes & Cheese; and the nexte daye
afterwards marched awaye. And after they had Garrisoned Worcester, the Parliamt
forces, com'anded by Lord Gen'all Cromwell stormed the same and quyte Rowted the
Enymy, the 03 Sep 1651. And Cheshire forces came home agayne on Tuesday 09 Sep
1651 , beinge juste one moneth furthe.
The Earle of Derbie wth his forces, beinge about xv hundred, weire quyte Rowted
in Lancashire in & aboute Wyggen [Wigan] by Colonell Lilborne & his forces, the
01 Sep 1651 , Wheire manie weire slayne & many taken prsoners. The Earle fledd
after the Kinge to Worcester, wth a smale Company, beinge a litle hurte in the
face; But after the Enemyes Route, He fledd backe and was taken att Sandford
Bridge in Shropshire, & afterwards to Chester where by a Councell of Warr hee &
Sr Tymothye ffetherston & Captyn Benbowe, weire all tried & had Judgmt. to dye,
on Wednesday the 01 Oct 1651 , viz.: the said Earle to bee beheaded att Bolton
in Lancashire that day ffortnight; afterwards Captyn Benbowe to bee shott at
Shrowesbury the same daye; & Sr Tymothye to bee beheaded att Chester that daye
three weekes, wch was all p'formed accordinglie.
The nexte weeke afterwards John Saer, Captn John Benbow, & some others weire
alsoe tryed by a Councell of Warr att Chester and weire adiudged to dye. John
Saer was hanged vpon the Comon Gallowes att Chester on Tuesdaye the 04 Nov 1651
; where some more weire hanged for seu'all offences the same daye beinge
condemned att the assizes att Chester held on the weeke before: & Captyn Benbow
was Shott att Shrowesbury.
On Thursdaye in Whitson wicke, beinge the 10 Jun 1652 , certyn men beinge
marlinge wth one ... [name not given] in Worhall [Wirrall] hundred, fyve men
weire all slayne wth the fall of a clodd of marle.
On Sondaye the 20 Jun 1652 , The p'ishoners of Lawton beinge in the Churche in
th' afternoone, he[a]reing Gods worde, A greate storme comynge wth wynde thunder
& Lightninge, The thunder bolte & Lightninge or what els, pleased God, entred in
att one of the Steeple wyndoes; broke the Greate Bell wheele; did much harme in
the Steeple breakinge the Roofes & floores & came downe amongest the People &
killed eleaven dead, viz.: a sonne of John Pursels, Will'm. Beeche of Audley
p'ishe. [a webster]; Will'm. Mearham [collier] of the same p'ishe., Thomas
Poole, of Road, [Rode] Blacksmith; John Houghton, servante to widowe Hancocke of
Road; Will'm. Brereton, s'vant to John Stonyer; Peter Capper, s'vant to Richard
Merry; John Parker [a beggar lad]; ffrancis Lowe, Carpenter; John Hall
[blacksmith]; John Pursell, Carpenter; Besides to the nu'ber of 12 more or
thereabouts stricken, & sore astonyshed, not killed; But not any of theim had
any wounds nor harme to bee seene; onelie some of theim weire blacke in some
pte. of theire Bodies.
The 20 Apr 1653 , beinge wednesdaye, the Lord Gen'all Cromwell; maior Gen'all
Harrison & others of the officers of the Army, havinge a greate Company of
ffyer-Locks neer theim, came into the Parliament howse, the Parliamt sittinge,
And then & theire told theim of the[i]r evell carryage in the publique
buysiness, & greate wast & expence of Treasure. And tooke the Speaker furthe of
the Cheere & putt him furthe of the howse; tooke the Mace and suche Wrytinges as
weire then in the howse and then all the rest of the Howse arrose & wente theire
wayes & the Lord Gen'all locked the doore, putt the keye in his Pockett, And
after wente to Whitehall and discharged the Councell of State.
Kinge Charles Behedded neere the Banquettinge Howse at Whitehall London on
Tuesday the 30 Jan 1648[-9].
1655. A litle before Bartholomewe Daye 1655 , was the greatest ffloodes by
reason of aboundance of Rayne, as noe man lyvinge had seen the lyke. Weever did
tutche the bottom of Namptwch Bridge, drowned all Mislesiche & the lower ende of
welsh Roe; and the Reever Ranne throwe mr Hassalls gates a full Mylne water &
drowned the streete vnto the Poste att Kendalls doore, & did very muche harme in
drowninge many wiche howses & especially in many water works betwixte the Mylnes
& Bryne pitt. But in Northwiche where Weever & Done did meete, ytt did farr more
Bryne Pitt Works [at Nantwich.] On or aboute the 17 Jun 1656 , greate works att
the Brine pitt weire began & contynued vntill the 09 Sep 1656 nexte followinge,
wthout any Intrmission, Savinge the fayre weeke, wch cost about cccli. [£300.]
Thomas Malbon, Junr, Thomas Sparrowe, & John Watson beinge the Rulers; Willm.
Thrushe another Ruler, but then dead."
"Thomas Malbon owethe [owneth] this Booke 1657."